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Film and video production
The main activity of businesses in the industry was making productions specifically for television ($516m), accounting for 55% of the total value of production activity in 1999-2000 ($945m) (table 21.31). The other major activities were the production of commercials and advertisements ($194m), and feature films ($149m), which accounted for 21% and 16% respectively of the total value of activity.
Film and video distribution
In conjunction with the survey of the film and video production industry, the ABS also conducted its third survey of the film and video distribution industry in respect of 1999-2000. The survey covered employing businesses mainly engaged in leasing or wholesaling motion pictures on film, video tape or DVD to organisations for exhibition or sale. It also included businesses that provided pre-packaged programs to pay television operators.
At the end of June 2000 there were 58 businesses operating in the film and video distribution industry, a fall from the 66 businesses operating at the end of June 1997 (table 21.32). There were 1,426 persons working in the industry at the end of June 2000, an increase of 6% over employment at 30 June 1997. The majority of persons (74%) in the industry worked on a permanent, full-time basis.
The total income for the industry was $1,142m during 1999-2000, an increase of 17% on the $974m recorded for 1996-97. The two main sources of income were from the rental or lease of pre-recorded video tapes, DVDs, films and video games ($581m), which accounted for 51% of industry income, and sales of pre-recorded video tapes and DVDs ($260m), which accounted for 23% of total income.
Businesses in the film and video distribution industry had total expenses of $1,038m. The three major expenses were copyright fees and licences of $236m (23% of total expenses), advertising expenses of $127m and program rights used of $124m (each 12%).
During 1999-2000, the film and video distribution industry recorded an operating profit before tax of $104m, a significant increase on $3m for 1996-97.
Motion picture exhibition
The most recent survey of the motion picture exhibition industry was conducted in respect of 1999-2000. This was the fifth time the ABS surveyed the industry, and while the most recent three surveys have shown a decline in the number of businesses, other indicators such as the number of cinema screens, paid admissions and employment have all shown steady increases. This has been primarily due to the emergence of multiplex (3 to 13 screens) and megaplex (14 or more screens) sites.
At 30 June 2000 there were 173 businesses in the motion picture exhibition industry, a reduction on the 188 businesses at the end of June 1997, and the 224 businesses at the end of June 1994 (table 21.33). However, over this six-year period, the number of cinema screens increased by over 100% to 1,519, and paid admissions increased by 32% to 79.4 million. Based on the estimated resident population at June 2000, paid admissions represented 4.1 visits per person during 1999-2000, compared to 4.0 visits per person in 1996-97.
Employment in the industry was 9,282 persons at 30 June 2000, an increase of 20% over the 7,739 persons employed at end June 1997. The majority of employees in the motion picture exhibition industry at 30 June 2000 were casuals (7,492), accounting for 81% of total employment.
Total income for the industry for the financial year 1999-2000 was $1,046m, up 26% on 1996-97 income of $832m. Gross box office receipts of $679m were the most significant source of income, representing 65% of total income, while sales of food and beverages ($176m) accounted for 17% of income.
The major expense items for the industry in 1999-2000 were wages and salaries of $130m (14% of total expenses), and film hire and rental which accounted for $268m or 29% of total expenses.
The industry recorded an operating profit before tax of $113m, a 6% decrease on the 1996-97 figure ($120m). The operating profit margin for 1999-2000 was 11.4%, compared with 14.9% for 1996-97 and 12.0% for 1993-94.
The first ABS survey of the video hire industry was conducted in respect of 1999-2000. The industry includes all businesses mainly engaged in hiring pre-recorded video cassettes and DVDs for personal use, but excludes businesses which receive only a minor part of their income from the hiring of videos, such as service stations, chemists and newsagents.
At 30 June 2000, there were 1,166 businesses in the video hire industry, operating from 1,228 locations in capital cities and suburbs and 387 locations in rural areas (table 21.34). At 30 June 2000, there were 5,499,400 active video hire store memberships, and the industry recorded 151,897,300 video rental transactions during the year ending 30 June 2000.
At 30 June 2000, there were 11,034 persons employed by the video hire industry, of whom 7,279 (66%) were employed on a casual basis. This high rate of casual employment was reflected in the average labour cost per employee of $12,500.
Total income of the video hire industry in 1999-2000 was $595m, with income from the rental of videos the most significant income source, accounting for $444m (75% of total income). Other major sources were income from the rental of video games ($38m), income from the sale of videos and video related material ($36m) and income from the sale of food and beverages ($40m).
The major items of expenditure for the industry during 1999-2000 were labour costs, which accounted for $129m (23% of total expenditure), and depreciation and amortisation of $103m (19%). Other significant expense items were the rental of premises ($74m) and purchases of videos ($68m).
In 1999-2000 the operating profit before tax for the video hire industry was $42m, which translated into an operating profit margin of 7.2%.
The ABS conducted its third survey of the television services industry in respect of 1999-2000, following earlier collections in respect of 1993-94 and 1996-97.
At 30 June 2000 there were 41 private sector television broadcasters and 2 public sector television broadcasters operating in Australia (table 21.35). The private sector television broadcasters comprised 34 commercial free-to-air broadcasting businesses and 7 pay television broadcasting businesses.
At 30 June 2000 there were 10,668 persons employed by private sector television broadcasters, of whom 7,807 persons were employed by commercial free-to-air broadcasters, and 2,861 persons were employed by pay television broadcasters.
The total income of $4,182m of private sector broadcasters comprised $3,271m from commercial free-to-air broadcasters and $911m from pay television broadcasters. The major source of income received by commercial free-to-air broadcasters was the sale of airtime ($2,821m), while the main source of income from pay television broadcasters was subscription and membership fees of $789m.
Total expenses of the private sector broadcasters were $4,083m during 1999-2000, of which $2,468m was outlaid by commercial free-to-air broadcasters and $1,616m by pay television broadcasters. The main component of expenses of commercial free-to-air broadcasters was program rights used of $864m, while for pay television broadcasters it was payments to channel providers of $470m.
During 1999-2000, the private sector broadcasters recorded an operating profit before tax of $128m.