4240.0 - Preschool Education, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 13/02/2019   
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This document was added or updated on 22/05/2020.

APPENDIX 4 - STATE-SPECIFIC YEAR BEFORE FULL TIME SCHOOLING

Background

In 2016, a new state-specific Year Before Full Time Schooling (YBFS) definition was researched and developed to better reflect the YBFS concept needed for national reports by government. This new state-specific YBFS definition uses the preschool and school age entry provisions of the state or territory in which the child usually resides. This improves on previous definitions by accounting for the differences across Australia in the age at which children are to be enrolled in school.

The new state-specific YBFS definition has been created mainly to assist with the Report on Government Services (RoGS) and National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA). The new definition does not change the performance indicators for the current National Partnership Agreement on Universal Access to Early Childhood Education – 2018 & 2019.

Statistics for the state-specific YBFS definition have been included in Preschool Education, Australia since 2016 and replace the original YBFS definition based statistics published in prior years. The original YBFS definition included all children enrolled and attending a preschool program aged 4 years and only children aged 5 years who had not previously attended a preschool program as a 4 year old.

Calculating state-specific YBFS cohorts

Table A4 shows the state-specific age ranges for children in their year before commencing school. For six jurisdictions, children born over a specified interval of 12 months are included. However, for New South Wales and Victoria the interval is slightly broader with adjustment factors applied to account for the rates at which the youngest children in the interval proceed from preschool to school education in those states.

A4 STATE-SPECIFIC YBFS AGE COHORTS BASED ON MONTHS AND YEARS OF BIRTH

State or TerritoryAge cohorts by month and year of birth

NSWAll children born 2 July 2012 - 31 December 2013 and adjusted counts for children born in the interval 1 January 2014 - 31 July 2014 (56%)

VicAll children born 2 July 2012 - 31 December 2013 and adjusted counts for children born in January 2014 (74%), February 2014 (63%), March 2014 (52%), April 2014 (41%)

Qld, WA, NTAll children born 1 July 2013 – 30 June 2014

SA and ACTAll children born 1 May 2013 – 30 April 2014

TasAll children born 1 January 2013 – 31 December 2013

The preschool education statistics for the state-specific YBFS cohorts can be found in Tables 28 to 31 of the datacube in Preschool Education, Australia, 2018 (cat. no. 4240.0). These statistics are presented by the child’s state or territory of usual residence, which aligns with the place of usual residence basis for ABS population estimates and projections.

Population estimates for state-specific YBFS cohorts

Population estimates for the state-specific YBFS cohorts were created to allow reporting of population proportions within RoGS and NIRA with greater accuracy than would otherwise be possible.

The state-specific YBFS population estimates in Table A5 for all children were created by:

  • Distributing each state/territory’s Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for children aged 3 to 6 years across individual months of birth according to birth statistics for the same time interval. The data used in these calculations were sourced from Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0) and Births, Australia (cat. no. 3301.0).
  • The distributed ERP was then aggregated according to the state-specific YBFS cohort age ranges in each state/territory. The same adjustment factors were applied for NSW and Victoria as highlighted in Table A4.
  • Finally, a deduction was made for the number of children aged 4 and 5 years of age in the state-specific YBFS cohorts that were attending school in each state/territory. This deduction was based on counts reported in Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, the same process was used but with population projections from Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2001 to 2026 (cat. no. 3238.0) instead of ERP. This is because ERP for 30 June 2018 by single year of age are not currently available for this population until July 2019. Population projections as at time of original release of this publication (February 2019) were used.

A5 POPULATION ESTIMATES IN STATE SPECIFIC YBFS COHORTS

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders
4 933
1 206
5 400
977
2 158
637
1 456
159
Non-Indigenous(a)
102 494
82 827
59 405
19 346
32 081
5 534
2 134
5 483
Total
107 426
84 033
64 805
20 323
34 239
6 170
3 590
5 642

(a) Calculated as the total less Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children