2901.0 - Census Dictionary, 1996  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/07/1996   
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Jervis Bay

See Other Territories.


The Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) defines a job as a set of tasks performed by one individual. An occupation is a set of jobs which requires the performance of a common set of tasks.

See also Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO), Hours Worked (HRSP), Income (INCP), Industry (INDP), Industry Sector (GNGP), Journey to Work, Labour Force Status/Status in Employment (LFSP), Method of Travel to Work (TPTP), Occupation (OCCP).

Journey to Work

Journey to Work data have been produced from Australian censuses since 1971. Because of changes and growth in the urban areas of States and Territories, these areas may be redefined for each census. For the 1996 Census there are eight Journey to Work (JTW) study areas. These are:

      • Sydney/Wollongong/Newcastle;
      • Melbourne/Geelong/Latrobe Valley/Bendigo/Ballarat;
      • Brisbane/Gold Coast/Sunshine Coast;
      • Adelaide;
      • Perth;
      • Hobart/Launceston;
      • Darwin; and
      • Canberra/Queanbeyan.

The workplace address is used to code the work destination area for each employed person who is enumerated in a study area.

Information on Journey to Work is obtained from the response to the census question that asks address of employers workplace for main job held last week (Question 35).

This address enables coders to allocate destination zone codes within the JTW study areas. The Collection District (CD) in which the person is enumerated is known as the origin zone.

Destination zones are designed by the local transport authorities and are not necessarily the same as CDs. However, they do aggregate to Statistical Local Areas (SLAs).

The data collected about what kind of industry, business, or service is carried out by the employer at that address (Question 36) and what method of travel to work was used on census day (Question 38) provide variables that can be cross-classified with origin zone and destination zone for analysis of urban transport patterns. However, users should be aware of the difference in the time period covered by these questions. For example, people who were employed in the week prior to the Census but who were no longer employed on census day still appear in JTW data.

The coding of origin zones and destination zones allows two different types of tables to be produced:
      • flow tables of Journey to Work data contain origin and destination zones; and
      • working population tables for SLAs contain data on the characteristics of people working in an SLA.

Customised tables of Journey to Work data can be obtained through Client Services.

Journey to Work data are collected in the Census because transport authorities, associated bodies, organisations and other interested people require data on urban transport patterns. The data are used for planning public transport systems, and for the development and release of residential and commercial land.

See also Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC), Australian and New Zealand Industry Classification (ANZSIC), Client Services, Table, Working Population.

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