3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2018 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/06/2019   
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MEDIA RELEASE
20 June 2019
Embargo: 11.30 am (Canberra time)

Australia's population grows by 1.6 per cent

Australia's population grew by 1.6 per cent during 2018, according to the latest figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

ABS Demography Director Beidar Cho said: "Steady growth over recent quarters has resulted in a population of 25.2 million people at 31 December 2018."

The number of births in 2018 reached an all time high of 314,900, 161,900 of these were male and 153,000 female. The previous record was 312,200 in 2012. There were fewer deaths in Australia during 2018, compared with 2017 (158,500 in 2018 and 160,100 in 2017). As a result, natural increase was 156,300 people in 2018, compared with 144,100 in 2017.

Natural increase (births minus deaths) accounted for 38.6 per cent of population growth, while net overseas migration accounted for the remaining 61.4 per cent.

Net overseas migration for 2018 was 248,400 people, which was higher than the 2017 figure of 241,700. This is due to a decline in overseas migration departures (281,600 in 2018 compared with 289,700 in 2017) and relatively stable overseas migration arrivals (530,100 in 2018 and 531,400 in 2017).

Victoria continued to have the highest growth at 2.2 per cent and Tasmania continued to have its stronger growth (1.2 per cent) in comparison with recent years.

Further information is available in Australian Demographic Statistics, December Quarter 2018 (cat. no. 3101.0).

For population estimates at the regional level, see Regional Population Growth, Australia (cat. no. 3218.0), available from https://www.abs.gov.au.

PRELIMINARY DATA
Population at
31 Dec 2018
Annual growth
Annual growth
'000
'000
%

New South Wales 
8 046.1
123.8
1.6
Victoria 
6 526.4
139.4
2.2
Queensland 
5 052.8
89.9
1.8
South Australia 
1 742.7
14.6
0.8
Western Australia 
2 606.3
24.0
0.9
Tasmania 
531.5
6.5
1.2
Northern Territory 
245.9
–1.0
–0.4
Australian Capital Territory 
423.8
7.6
1.8
Australia 
25 180.2
404.8
1.6



Media notes:
  • When reporting ABS data, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (or ABS) must be attributed as the source.
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