6254.0 - Career Experience, Australia, Nov 2002  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 22/09/2003   
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1 The statistics in this publication were compiled from data collected in the Career Experience Survey conducted throughout Australia in November 2002, as a supplement to the monthly Labour Force Survey (LFS). Respondents to the LFS who fell within the scope of the supplementary survey were asked further questions.

2 The publication Labour Force, Australia (cat. no. 6202.0) contains information about survey design, sample redesign, scope, coverage and population benchmarks relevant to the monthly LFS, which also apply to supplementary surveys. It also contains definitions of demographic and labour force characteristics, and information about telephone interviewing relevant to both the monthly LFS and supplementary surveys.


3 The conceptual framework used in Australia's LFS aligns closely with the standards and guidelines set out in Resolutions of the International Conference of Labour Statisticians. Descriptions of the underlying concepts and structure of Australia's Labour force statistics, and the sources and methods used in compiling these estimates, are presented in Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 6102.0) which is also available on the ABS web site <https://www.abs.gov.au> (About Statistics-Concepts and Classifications).


4 The scope of the LFS is restricted to persons aged 15 years and over and excludes the following persons:

  • members of the permanent defence forces
  • certain diplomatic personnel of overseas governments, customarily excluded from census and estimated populations
  • overseas residents in Australia
  • members of non-Australian defence forces (and their dependants).

5 Students at boarding schools, patients in hospitals, residents of homes (e.g. retirement homes, homes for persons with handicaps), and inmates of prisons are excluded from all supplementary surveys.

6 This supplementary survey was conducted in both urban and rural areas in all states and territories, but excluded around 80,000 persons living in remote and sparsely settled parts of Australia who would otherwise have been within the scope of the survey. The exclusion of these persons will have only a minor impact on any aggregate estimates that are produced for individual states and territories, except the Northern Territory where such persons account for over 20% of the population.

7 Persons aged 70 years and over were included in the survey, but were not asked about their usual weekly earnings or their educational attainment. This survey was restricted to persons who were employees in their main job. Persons aged 15–19 years who are still attending school were excluded from this survey


8 The estimates in this publication relate to persons covered by the survey in November 2002. In the LFS, coverage rules are applied which aim to ensure that each person is associated with only one dwelling and hence has only one chance of selection in the survey. See Labour Force, Australia (cat. no. 6202.0) for more details.


9 Estimates in this publication are subject to sampling and non-sampling errors:
  • Sampling error is the difference between the published estimate and the value that would have been produced if all dwellings had been included in the survey. For more information see the Technical Note.
  • Non-sampling errors are inaccuracies that occur because of imperfections in reporting by respondents and interviewers, and errors made in coding and processing data. These inaccuracies may occur in any enumeration, whether it be a full count or a sample. Every effort is made to reduce the non-sampling error to a minimum by careful design of questionnaires, intensive training and supervision of interviewers and efficient processing procedures.


10 The estimates are based on information collected in the survey month, and due to seasonal factors they may not be representative of other months of the year.


11 Occupation data are classified according to the ASCO—Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, Second Edition, 1997 (cat. no. 1220.0).

12 Industry data are classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 (cat. no. 1292.0).

13 Country of birth data are classified according to the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 1998 (cat. no. 1269.0).

14 Educational attainment data are classified according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED) (cat. no. 1272.0).

15 In 2001, the ABS Classification of Qualifications (ABSCQ) (cat. no. 1262.0) was replaced by the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED) (cat. no. 1272.0). The ASCED is a national standard classification which can be applied to all sectors of the Australian education system including schools, vocational education and training and higher education. ASCED replaces a number of classifications previously used in administrative and statistical systems, including the ABSCQ. The ASCED comprises two classifications: Level of Education and Field of Education. See Appendix 1 for further information.


16 In November 2002 there were approximately 31,400 persons for whom sector of main job could not be determined. These persons were included in the private sector for the purpose of this publication.


17 Revisions are made to population benchmarks for the LFS after each five-yearly Census of Population and Housing. The last such revision was made in February 1999 to take account of the results of the 1996 Census of Population and Housing. Estimates from supplementary surveys conducted from and including February 1999 are therefore based on revised population benchmarks.

18 Supplementary surveys are not always conducted on the full LFS sample. Since August 1994 the sample for supplementary surveys has been restricted to no more than seven-eighths of the LFS sample. Since 1996, this survey has been conducted on one-half of the LFS sample. Therefore, sampling errors associated with the 1993 survey may vary from the sampling errors for the 1996, 1998 and 2002 surveys.

19 Previous estimates for the following data items have been revised in the current data:
  • Population 2 (Population 4 in 1996)—Employees with children aged under 12 years
  • Age of youngest child
  • Whether used child care
  • Main reason formal child care not used
  • All changes in work with current employer in the last 12 months ('None of the above' category)
  • Whether had any change in work with current employer in the last 12 months
  • Whether had a break from work of six months or more
  • Length of most recent break from work
  • Main reason for most recent break from work
  • Type of leave taken for most recent break from work
  • Type of leave taken when youngest child was born.

20 Categories for these items were incorrectly derived in previous collections of Career Experience, and they have been amended in the 2002 data. For further information about these revisions, refer to the contact details on the front cover of this publication.

21 In 2002, a change was made in the way information was collected in relation to the data items whether a person had one or more positions with their current employer, and length of time in their current position. Please contact the ABS on Canberra (02) 6252 7206 for further information.


22 Due to differences in the scope and sample size of this supplementary survey and that of the monthly LFS, the estimation procedure may lead to some small variations between labour force estimates from this survey and those from the LFS.


23 The Career Experience Survey has previously been conducted in February 1993, November 1996 and November 1998.


24 The ABS plans to conduct this survey again in November 2008.


25 Australian Bureau of Statistics publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.


26 Other ABS publications which may be of interest include:
  • Australian Labour Market Statistics, cat. no. 6105.0
  • Child Care, Australia, cat. no. 4402.0
  • Employee Earnings, Benefits and Trade Union Membership, Australia, cat. no. 6310.0
  • Labour Force, Australia, cat. no. 6202.0
  • Labour Force Experience, Australia, cat. no. 6206.0
  • Labour Mobility, Australia, cat. no. 6209.0
  • Working Arrangements, Australia, cat. no. 6342.0

27 Current publications and other products released by the ABS are listed in the Catalogue of Publications and Products (cat. no. 1101.0). The catalogue is available from any ABS office or the ABS web site <https://www.abs.gov.au>. The ABS also issues a daily Release Advice on the web site which details products to be released in the week ahead.