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VC&LSPE fund managers set up a fund (vehicle) usually as a trust or company. Investors are attracted to raise capital for the fund, which are drawndown over time. The value of committed funds is the capital pledged by investors, representing the maximum amount that the fund can draw down from investors. Most investors in the VC&LSPE survey come from resident pension funds, non-resident sources, governments and business.
Once the fund (vehicle) has capital, the fund manager enters into deals with investee companies and provides assistance and advice to maximise potential for capital gains. They return new capital (original capital plus profit minus loss) as investments are realised. Investors and fund managers receive capital gains once the stake in the company has been exited.
The usual relationship between investors, managers, vehicles and investee companies is shown below. There are two types of VC&LSPE funds (vehicles): direct vehicles, which generally place investments directly into investee companies; and indirect vehicles that pool funds and generally place investments with direct vehicles. These are called fund of funds. Fund of funds may also co-invest with another fund manager.
The value of funds committed to VC&LSPE vehicles decreased in 2015-16. As at 30 June 2016, investors had $19,550m committed, a decrease of 2% on the $19,946m committed as at 30 June 2015. Resident pension funds contributed $7,492m to total committed capital (38% of total funds committed). The value of funds committed by non-residents rose $443m (7%).
Drawdowns from investors totalled $15,708m as at 30 June 2016, an increase of 4% on the $15,121m committed funds drawn down as at 30 June 2015.
Unused commitments of $3,842m were yet to be called as at 30 June 2016. These unused commitments can be classified by preferred stage of investment with $2,677 unused by funds (vehicles) that prefer to invest in companies in the LSPE stages and $1,165m unused by funds (vehicles) that prefer to invest in companies in the VC stages.
Total value of all investments by VC&LSPE vehicles ($9,213m in 723 investment deals) rose 5% on the $8,802m reported as at 30 June 2015.
The value of investments as at 30 June 2016 represented 0.56% of GDP, up from 0.55% of GDP as at 30 June 2015.
NEW AND FOLLOW-ON INVESTMENT BY STAGE OF INVESTEE COMPANY
VC&LSPE vehicles made 145 new investments totalling $1,207m in value. In addition to this, 150 follow-on investments were made to existing VC&LSPE deals to a total value of $338m.
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