4234.0.30.001 - Microdata: Work-Related Training and Adult Learning, 2016-17  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 17/01/2018   
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Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training. It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a single comprehensive national qualifications framework. It was first introduced in 1995.

Certificate n.f.d. (Certificate not further defined)

Survey responses are coded to Certificate not further defined (n.f.d.) when there is not enough information to code them to Certificate I, II, III or IV in the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0) in the Level of Education classification.

Classroom instruction

Method for delivering work-related training which generally involves a teacher, lecturer or presenter; includes but not limited to seminars, lecturers, hands-on work or practical exercises, group exercises and laboratory work.

Completed (schooling)

For schooling up to and including Year 11, the term 'completed' means attendance of a full year of school enabling the student to progress to the next year of school.

Completed (qualification)

For qualifications (including Year 12 certificate and non-school qualifications) ‘completed’ refers to successfully passing the required assessment(s) or examination(s) to gain an educational qualification.


A consultant refers to a person or organisation hired or contracted by an employer to deliver a work-related training course.

Contact activities

Contact activities include direct contact with a teacher or instructor.

Country of birth

Country of birth has been classified according to the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 2016 (cat. no. 1269.0).

Current main job

The job which a person was employed in during the survey reference week. In cases where the person was employed in more than one job, the current main job refers to the job in which the person usually works the most hours. However, a person may have undertaken their most recent work-related training in a previous job. Therefore several tables presented in this publication relating to work-related training are presented only for people who have undertaken training as part of their current main job.


Persons who, during the reference week:

  • worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job or business, or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers)
  • worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers)
  • were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
      • away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week
      • away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week
      • away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement
      • on strike or locked out
      • on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job, or
  • were employers or own account workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.

Employed full-time

Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and those who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.

Employed part-time

Employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.


A person who works for an employer and is paid in the form of wages or salaries, commission, commission with a retainer, piece rates or payment in kind.

External training provider

For the purpose of this survey an external training provider is defined as a person or organisation who deliver work-related training and are not classified as either an existing staff member or a consultant hired by the organisation to deliver the training.

Field not determined

Field not determined includes inadequately described responses or where no responses were given.

Field of education

Field of education is defined as the subject matter of an educational activity. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0) field of education classification. This publication presents the main field of education studied.

Formal Learning

Formal learning activities lead to a qualification recognised by the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) such as a Degree, Diploma or Certificate and also includes study at school. Formal learning is provided in the systems of schools, colleges, universities and other institutions or organisations and is usually associated with a providing body responsible for determining the teaching method and/or curriculum, admission requirements.


Gross current usual (weekly equivalent) cash receipts that are of a regular and recurring nature, and accrue to individual household members at annual or more frequent intervals, from employment, own business, the lending of assets and transfers from Government, private organisations and other households.

Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage

This is one of four Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFAs) compiled by the ABS following each Census of Population and Housing, from various characteristics of persons resident in particular areas. The Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) summaries attributes such as income, educational attainment, unemployment and occupation skill levels. The index refers to the area (the Statistical Area Level 1) in which a person lives, not to the socio-economic situation of the particular individual. The index ranks areas on a continuum from most disadvantaged to least disadvantaged. A low score on the index (i.e. lowest quintile or decile) indicates a high proportion of relatively disadvantaged people in an area. Such areas include many households with low income, people with no qualifications and many people in low skill occupations. It should be noted that it cannot be concluded that an area with a very high score has a large proportion of relatively advantaged ('well off') people, as there are no variables in the index to indicate this. It can only be concluded that such an area has a relatively low incidence of disadvantage. The indexes used in this publication were those compiled following the 2011 Census. For further information about the indexes, see Census of Population and Housing: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), 2011 (cat. no. 2033.0.55.001).


Industry data is classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (Revision 2.0) (cat. no. 1292.0).

Level of highest non-school qualification

A person's level of highest non-school qualification is the highest qualification a person has attained in any area of formal study other than school study. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0) Level of education classification.

Level not determined

Level not determined includes inadequately described responses or where no responses were given.

Non-contact activities

Activities that do not involve contact with a teacher or instructor, for example undertaking research or completing assignments.

Non-formal learning

Non-formal learning activities are structured training or courses that do not form part of an award or qualification (e.g. Degree or Certificate) recognised by the Australian Qualification Framework (AQF).

Non-school qualification

Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Postgraduate Degree level, Master Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level, Bachelor Degree level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels. Non-school qualifications may be attained concurrently with school qualifications.

Not in labour force

Persons who were not in the categories ‘employed’ or ‘unemployed’.


Occupation data are classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classifications of Occupations, 2013, Version 1.2 (cat. no. 1220.0)

On-line instruction

Method for delivering work-related training; includes but not limited to self paced learning and training undertaken via the internet and lectures delivered by a teacher/instructor over the internet.

Organised learning

Consists of both formal and non-formal learning.

Own business

A person who works in their own incorporated or unincorporated business with or without employees. Own business also includes contractors and subcontractors, and people contributing to a family business.

Personal costs

Includes any cost related to the course which were paid for by the participant and not reimbursed by a third party, for example course fees or costs for study materials.

Personal income

This relates to gross income.

Personal interest learning

Structured non-formal learning courses that do not lead to a qualification, undertaken for reasons not related to work.


Formal certification, issued by a relevant approved body, in recognition that a person has achieved an appropriate level of learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs. Statements of attainment awarded for partial completion of a course of study at a particular level are excluded.

Quintile (Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage)

The distribution of the Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) scores are divided into five equal sized groups referred to as quintiles. The lowest scoring 20% of areas are given a quintile number of 1, the second-lowest 20% of areas are given a quintile number of 2 and so on, up to the highest 20% of areas which are given a quintile number of 5.

Reference week

The week preceding the week in which the interview was conducted.

Remoteness area

The Australian Standard Geographical Standard (ASGS): Volume 5 - Remoteness Structure, July 2011 (cat. no.1270.0.55.005) is used by the ABS for the dissemination of a broad range of social and demographic statistics. The classification divides Australia into six broad regions (called remoteness areas), on the basis of their relative access to service.

School study

School study is participation in primary or secondary level education, regardless of the institution or location where the study is or was undertaken. It therefore includes such study undertaken in a Technical and Further Education (TAFE) or other institution. For the purpose of this publication school study is classified as participation in formal learning.


See Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage

Size of business

A measure of the size of business in terms of the number of employees within that business. The business size is measured as the number of employees at the physical location where the employer works as well as the size of the business Australia-wide.

Working hours

Refers to the time when a person would usually be working.

Work-related training

Non-formal learning undertaken to obtain, maintain or improve employment related skills and/or to improve employment opportunities. Work-related training courses have a structured format but do not lead to a qualification.


Persons who were not employed during the reference week, and:
  • had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week, or
  • were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.

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