4148.0 - Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, Aug 2006 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/03/2008   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All



1 This publication presents key characteristics of persons in Australia who had their main job in a sport and physical recreation occupation in the week before the 2006 Census of Population and Housing.

2 The Census counts every person who spent Census night (8 August 2006) in Australia, excluding foreign diplomats and their families. This includes Australian residents in Antarctica and people in the territories of Jervis Bay, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island. The other Australian External Territories, Norfolk Island and minor islands such as Heard and McDonald Islands, are outside the scope of the Australian Census.

3 Although overseas visitors in Australia on Census night were included in the Census count, this publication excludes them in all tabulations.


4 Each stage of the Census is subject to stringent quality assurance procedures to ensure data of the highest quality. However, in a Census there are potential sources of error such as under-counting, respondent error and processing error.

5 Random adjustment of the data is considered to be the most satisfactory technique for avoiding the release of confidential Census data. When the technique is applied, small random adjustments are made which allow the maximum amount of detailed Census data possible to be released without breaching confidentiality. These adjustments result in small introduced random errors.

6 The column and row totals in individual tables are derived after the random adjustment process has been applied, and consequently may include random error. Thus, comparisons between table totals may show some minor discrepancies.

7 Care should be taken when interpreting cells with small numbers, since randomisation, as well as possible respondent and processing errors, have a greater impact on small cells than on larger cells. Furthermore, some small cells have been randomly altered to zero. Caution should be exercised in deducing that there are no people having these particular characteristics.


8 Employed persons are those aged 15 years and over, who, in the week prior to the Census:

  • worked for payment or profit, or as an unpaid helper in a family business;
  • had a job from which they were on holidays or paid leave; or
  • were on strike or temporarily stood down.

9 Persons who worked in a voluntary capacity only are not classified as employed persons.

10 If a person had more than one job in the week prior to the Census, then 'main job' refers to the job in which the person usually worked the most hours.


11 In the 2006 Census, occupations were classified to the most detailed (six-digit) level of both the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO), Second Edition, 1997 and the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition, 2006 (cat. no. 1220.0). If a Census response lacked adequate information for it to be coded to the six-digit occupation level, it was coded to a 'not further defined' category (e.g. Sport and recreation managers nfd) with zeroes in the fifth and sixth digit positions of the ASCO or ANZSCO code.

12 Sport and physical recreation occupations were selected on the basis of inclusion in the Occupation Classification in the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC), 2008 (cat. no. 4902.0). While the Occupation Classification of the ACLC does not specifically identify sport and physical recreation occupations, Division 3 (Sports and Physical Recreation) of ACLC Industry Classifications was used as a guide to determine which of the ACLC Occupation categories to include.


13 In the Census, industry was coded according to both the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 and the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0).

14 Classifications relating to industry and occupation (ANZSIC and ANZSCO respectively) were reviewed and updated prior to the 2006 Census. The ACLC was subsequently reviewed to take account of the new classifications.

15 For the 2006 Census, occupation data and industry data were dual coded, as new occupation and industry classifications have been introduced since the 2001 Census. Comparisons with the 2001 Census shown in table 1 are shown using the 2006 ANZSIC and ANZSCO classifications.

16 Following the introduction of the new edition of ANZSCO there has been a major classification change affecting two occupation codes - Swimming Instructors and Teachers and Lifeguards. For the 2001 Census, Swimming Instructors and Teachers were included with Fitness Instructors, whereas in 2006 they were included with Swimming Coaches. Lifeguards were previously included with Other Sportspersons and are now a separately identified occupation. These changes are reflected in the comparison data included in Table 1.


17 A person is defined to be of Indigenous origin if he or she identifies himself or herself as of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.


18 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.


19 Terms and concepts used in this publication are explained in more detail in the following: