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3 For births data, cell values less than three have been randomised to protect confidentiality.
States and territories
4 In the main, statistics for states and territories have been compiled and presented in respect of the state or territory of usual residence of the mother. However, in the following table, data have been presented on a state or territory of registration basis. Births which took place outside Australia are excluded from the statistics.
5 In 2001 there were 511 births to women who usually lived overseas. These have been included in this publication and classified according to the state or territory in which the birth was registered.
6 As a result of an amendment made in 1992 to section 17(a) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901-1973 (Cwlth) the Indian Ocean territories of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands have been included as part of geographic Australia, hence another category of the state and territory classification has been created. This category is known as 'Other Territories' and includes Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay Territory.
7 Prior to 1993 usual residence data for Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands were included with Off-shore Areas and Migratory in Western Australia while usual residence data for Jervis Bay Territory were included with the Australian Capital Territory. In 2001 there were 39 births to mothers usually resident in Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island or the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
8 Remoteness Areas (RA) are based on the Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA) developed by the Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care (DHAC) and the National Key Centre For Social Applications of GIS (GISCA). For further information see Australian Standard Geographical Classification, 2002, p. 37, (cat. no. 1216.0). For more information on how ARIA is defined see the Information Papers ABS Views on Remoteness, 2001, (cat. no. 1244.0) and Outcomes of ABS Views on Remoteness consultation, Australia, (cat. no. 1244.0.00.001).
Within a state/territory, each RA represents an aggregation of non-contiguous geographical areas which share common characteristics of remoteness. While statistical data classed to this structure may be available by state/territory, characteristics of remoteness are determined in the context of Australia as a whole. Therefore, not all RAs are represented in each state/territory. The categories are:
9 This publication includes a section on the number of Indigenous births for New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory. The data are regarded as being of sufficient quality to publish.
10 The populations used to calculate Indigenous fertility rates prior to 2001 are based on the Experimental Projections of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Population, 30 June 1991 to 30 June 2001 (cat. no. 3231.0) and the Experimental Projections of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Population, 30 June 1996 to 30 June 2006 (cat. no. 3231.0). These projections are, in turn, based on the 1991 and 1996 Censuses of Population and Housing. The population used to calculate Indigenous fertility rates for 2001 are the preliminary 2001 experimental estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population based on the 2001 Census.
Coverage of Indigenous Birth Registrations
11 There are several data collection forms on which people are asked to state whether they are of Indigenous origin. Due to a number of factors the results are not always consistent. The likelihood that a person will identify, or be identified, as Indigenous on a specific form is known as their propensity to identify as Indigenous. Propensity to identify as Indigenous can be thought of as the proportion of the total, unknown, number of Indigenous people who identify as such on a specific form.
Propensity to identify is determined by a range of factors, including the perception of how the information will be used, education programs about identifying as Indigenous, and emotional reaction to identifying as Indigenous.
There are four estimates of the number of Indigenous births each year. Each is based on a different collection, with a different propensity to identify as Indigenous:
12 Other ABS products which may be of interest to users include:
13 AusStats is a web based information service which provides ABS' full standard product range on-line. It also includes companion data in multidimensional datasets in SuperTABLE format, and time series spreadsheets.
14 Current publications produced by the ABS are listed in the Catalogue of Publications and Products (cat. no. 1101.0).
15 As well as the statistics included in this and related publications, additional information is available from this site and accessing Themes/Demography.
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