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Each territory has an elected Legislative Assembly, with a wide range of powers, with a government headed by a chief minister (table 4.7). The Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory have a formally recognised opposition. Norfolk Island’s Legislative Assembly does not possess a formal opposition.
Jervis Bay Territory, and the external territories of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island, Coral Sea Islands, and Ashmore and Cartier Islands, make up the non-self governing territories of Australia.
The resident communities in each of Jervis Bay Territory, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island are provided with an extensive range of government services. Each of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island has an elected local government, and residents may vote in Commonwealth parliamentary elections in the electorate of Lingiari (Northern Territory). Residents of Jervis Bay Territory are enrolled in the Commonwealth electorate of Fraser (Australian Capital Territory).
Australia's activities in its Antarctic Territory are governed by the Antarctic Treaty (1959) (see the article
Australia and Antarctica in Year Book Australia 2007). Under this agreement the nations active in Antarctica consult on the uses of the continent, with a commitment that it should not become 'the scene or object of international discord'.