4902.0 - Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications, 2014 (Third Edition)  
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Contents >> Chapter 2: The ACLC Industry Classification >> Division 2: Arts >> Group 21: Literature and Print Media

GROUP 21 – LITERATURE AND PRINT MEDIA

Group 21 Literature and print media consists of units mainly engaged in creative writing and the printing, publishing and selling of literature products including books, newspapers, periodicals, etc. It consists of the following classes:

      211 Primary literary creation;
      212 Newspaper publishing;
      213 Periodical publishing;
      214 Book publishing;
      215 Printing;
      216 Literature wholesaling;
      217 Literature retailing; and
      218 Internet publishing.

211 PRIMARY LITERARY CREATION

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in writing material for publication or performance which is intended to entertain and/or inform others. Activities include the writing of fiction and nonfiction (including text books, novels, children's books, short stories, biographies, essays, plays and poetry); articles for educational and professional books, newspapers, magazines, periodicals and newsletters; and scripts for film, stage, radio and television.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) song writing and the writing of librettos and lyrics are included in Class 231 Music composition;

(b) providing book illustrating services are included in Class 241 Primary visual arts and crafts creation;

(c) writing copy for advertising are included in Class 252 Advertising design and production; and

(d) providing translating and interpreting services are included in Class 469 Culture and leisure support services n.e.c.


Primary Activities

Editing

Journalism

News collection

Writing



212 NEWSPAPER PUBLISHING

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in publishing newspapers. Newspapers are publications containing primarily first hand reporting of current interest. Publication may be in print or audio format. Included are national, state/territory and regional newspapers, and newspapers published for special interest groups. Newspaper publishing units are also included if their main source of income is the sale of advertising space in their own newspapers.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) journalism and news collection are included in Class 211 Primary literary creation;

(b) periodical publishing are included in Class 213 Periodical publishing;

(c) book publishing are included in Class 214 Book publishing;

(d) printing newspapers or other literature products are included in Class 215 Printing;

(e) on-line (electronic format) newspaper publishing are included in Class 218 Internet publishing; and

(f) software publishing (other than for games) are out of scope of the classification.


Primary Activities

Newspaper publishing

Selling advertising space in own newspaper



213 PERIODICAL PUBLISHING

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in publishing magazines and periodicals. Publication may be in print or audio format. Included are illustrated magazines and magazines devoted to common interests such as hobbies, sport and games; technical and scientific magazines; and business journals. Periodical publishing units are also included if their main source of income is the sale of advertising space in their own periodicals.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) journalism and news collection are included in Class 211 Primary literary creation;

(b) newspaper publishing are included in Class 212 Newspaper publishing;

(c) book publishing are included in Class 214 Book publishing;

(d) printing periodicals or other literature products are included in Class 215 Printing;

(e) on-line (electronic format) periodical publishing are included in Class 218 Internet publishing; and

(f) software publishing (other than for games) are out of scope of the classification.


Primary Activities

Magazine publishing

Periodical publishing

Selling advertising space in own periodical



214 BOOK PUBLISHING

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in the preparation of textual, graphic and pictorial material intended to be either printed and bound in the form of a book, or otherwise published. Publication may be in print or audio format. Included are the publishing of fiction and nonfiction books; art, poetry, children's, professional, reference and educational books; plays; encyclopaedias; atlases; etc.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) newspaper publishing are included in Class 212 Newspaper publishing;

(b) periodical publishing are included in Class 213 Periodical publishing;

(c) printing books or other literature products are included in Class 215 Printing;

(d) on-line (electronic format) book publishing are included in Class 218 Internet publishing;

(e) sheet music publishing are included in Class 232 Music publishing; and

(f) reproducing audio/recorded books and periodicals are included in Class 274 Recorded media manufacturing.


Primary Activities

Book publishing

Map publishing



215 PRINTING

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in printing of literature products. Included are the printing of newspapers, periodicals, books and sheet music.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) publishing are included in Classes 212 Newspaper publishing, 213 Periodical publishing, 214 Book publishing or 232 Music publishing as appropriate;

(b) reproducing audio/recorded books and periodicals are included in Class 274 Recorded media manufacturing;

(c) printing board games and other printed games are included in Class 481 Other culture and leisure goods manufacturing; and

(d) printing stationery and calendars, and commercial photocopying services are out of scope of the classification.


Primary Activities

Book printing

Periodical printing

Newspaper printing

Sheet music printing



216 LITERATURE WHOLESALING

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in wholesaling literature products such as newspapers, periodicals and books.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in wholesaling sheet music are included in Class 232 Music publishing.


Primary Activities

Book wholesaling

Magazine and periodical wholesaling

Newspaper wholesaling



217 LITERATURE RETAILING

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in retailing books, periodicals and newspapers. Dissemination may be through a shop, by mail order (including via the Internet) or by subscription. Included are general, campus, educational, children's, second hand, religious and other specialist book shops.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) retailing of antique books are included in Class 113 Antiques and collectables dealing and restoration; and

(b) retailing sheet music are included in Class 271 Musical instrument retailing.


Primary Activities

Book retailing

Magazine and periodical retailing

Newsagent operation

Newspaper retailing

Second hand books retailing



218 INTERNET PUBLISHING

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in publishing books, periodicals, newspapers and other literature products in an electronic format on the Internet.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) publishing literature products in hard copy are included in Classes 212 Newspaper publishing, 213 Periodical publishing, 214 Book publishing or 232 Music publishing as appropriate; and

(b) Internet broadcasting of radio and television programmes are included in Class 269 Internet broadcasting.


Primary Activities

Book publishing in electronic format on the Internet

Magazine and periodical publishing in electronic format on the Internet

Newspaper publishing in electronic format on the Internet

Sheet music publishing in electronic format on the Internet


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