8155.0 - Australian Industry, 2017-18 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/05/2019   
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State and territory performance

  • In 2017-18, east coast states New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland accounted for the largest share of each of the three key state economic indicators: sales and service income, employment and wages and salaries.
  • The key economic indicators for most states and territories were comparable to the population distribution in the Estimated Resident Population. The exceptions were Western Australia, where sales and service income accounted for 13.6% of the national total relative to a population share of 10.4%, and South Australia, where sales and service income accounted for 5.7% relative to a population share of 6.9%.

State and territory growth
  • The three eastern states of New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland drove growth for sales and service income, employment and wages and salaries.
  • All three indicators grew the most in New South Wales, driven mainly by the Construction and Professional, scientific and technical services industries.
  • Victoria's growth for all three indicators was also driven mainly by Construction and Professional, scientific and technical services, as well as the Health care and social assistance industry.
  • Queensland's growth in sales and service income was driven by the Mining industry, while wages and salaries were influenced by the Administrative and support services industry.
  • The sole declining movement in employment was noted by the Northern Territory with a decrease of 3,000 persons (-2.7%) across multiple industries.

Sales and service income across states and territories
  • New South Wales had the largest share of sales and service income at 32.4% ($1,062.5b), followed by Victoria at 24.9% ($817.0b) and Queensland at 19.5% ($639.7b).
  • In all three of these states, the largest income earning industries were Wholesale trade, Construction and Retail trade.

Employment across states and territories
  • At the end of June 2018, New South Wales had the largest share of national employment at about 3.7 million people (33.4%), followed by Victoria at about 2.9 million people (25.8%) and Queensland at about 2.2 million people (19.5%).
  • In New South Wales, the Retail trade and Professional, scientific and technical services industries were the largest employers.
  • The Retail trade industry was the largest employer in Victoria and South Australia.
  • In Queensland and Tasmania the Retail trade and private sector Health care and social assistance industries were the largest employers.
  • In Western Australia, the Construction and Retail trade industries were the largest employers.
  • In the Northern Territory, the Construction industry contributed the most to employment.
  • Within the Australian Capital Territory the largest employer was the Professional, scientific and technical services industry.

Wages and salaries across states and territories
  • New South Wales accounted for the largest share of wages and salaries at 33.4% ($192.5b), followed by Victoria at 25.3% ($145.8b) and Queensland at 19.0% ($109.9b).
  • Within New South Wales, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory the Professional, scientific and technical services industry had the largest share of wages and salaries.
  • Within South Australia the Manufacturing industry had the largest share of wages and salaries.
  • Within Tasmania the Health care and social assistance had the largest share of wages and salaries.
  • The largest source of wages and salaries in Western Australia was the Mining industry, whilst in Queensland and the Northern Territory the Construction industry had the largest share.
  • Tasmania had the lowest average wages and salaries per person employed at approximately $43,100, while Northern Territory had the highest wages and salaries per employed person at approximately $66,600.

Note that average wages and salaries have been calculated using wages and salaries for the full financial year 2017-18 which exclude the drawings of working proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses, whereas employment is a point in time estimate at June 2018 and includes working proprietors and partners, so the ratio should be used with caution.

Further information

For information about the method used to derive state and territory estimates, please refer to the Technical note on state and territory estimates in this issue.