Jobs in the Australian Capital Territory
Jobs in Australia statistics provide useful annual information about the number and nature of filled jobs in Australia, the people who hold them and their employers. The data is compiled from the recently developed Linked Employer Employee Dataset (LEED). The LEED includes more than 100 million tax records over six consecutive years between 2011-12 and 2016-17, and provides information for over 2,200 different regions (based on a person’s residence).
This feature article is based on the Australian Capital Territory (footnote 1).
The ABS would like to acknowledge the collaboration and support of the Northern Territory Department of Treasury and Finance in analysing the state and territory level statistics and developing the eight state and territory spotlights in this release.
The ABS also acknowledges the continuing support of the Australian Tax Office (ATO) in compiling these statistics and enabling unique insights into labour markets across Australia.
Number of employed persons and jobs
In 2016-17, around 249,200 people in the Australian Capital Territory were employed at some point during the year, who worked across 350,000 jobs (footnote 2). The number of employed people increased by 2.8% over the past 12 months, and increased by 4.9% over the previous six years.
Of the people employed, 209,700 people (84.2%) were single job holders, while 39,500 people (15.8%) worked multiple jobs at the same time during 2016-17. This trend has been consistent over the past six years, with single job holders averaging 84.3% and multiple job holders averaging 15.7% in the Australian Capital Territory.
Graph 1: Number of jobs and employed persons, 2011-12 to 2016-17
Across Australia, there were 13.5 million employed people in 2016-17 who worked across 19.2 million jobs during the year. The number of employed people has continued to grow at the national level over the time series (up 2.1% from 2015-16 and up 5.4% from 2011-12). This is also true for the number of jobs worked in Australia (up 3.6% from 2015-16 and up 6.4% from 2011-12).
Of the people employed across Australia, 84.4% of people were single job holders compared to 15.6% who held multiple jobs at the same time throughout 2016-17. This proportion has remained stable over the past six years, with single job holders averaging 85.0% and multiple job holders averaging 15.0%.
Jobs by gender
In the Australian Capital Territory , the number of jobs held in 2016-17 was greater for males (50.4%) compared to females (49.6%). This was consistent at the national level, with males working across 52.0% of all jobs, compared to females, who worked across 48.0% of total jobs during 2016-17. In the Australian Capital Territory, the number of jobs held by males increased by 4.1%, and the number of jobs held by females increased by 3.7% over the past 12 months.
Compared to 2011-12, the number of jobs held by both males and females increased (up 6.4% and 7.0% respectively) in the Australian Capital Territory. Nationally, the increase in the number of jobs was a result of growth in jobs by both genders over the previous 12 months and six years. The growth rate in the number of jobs held by females was greater than males over the time series (7.9% compared to 5.1% respectively).
Jobs by age
In 2016-17, across the Australian Capital Territory, the highest number of jobs were held by people in the 25 to 29 year age group (48,300 jobs), with males in this age group holding a slightly higher proportion of the jobs than females (50.6% and 49.4% respectively). Over the past six years, this age group filled the most number of jobs in the Australian Capital Territory.
Graph 2: Number of jobs by age, 2016-17
This was also consistent at the national level, with 2.6 million jobs held by people in this age group and males holding a higher proportion of the jobs than females (52.2% and 47.8% respectively) during 2016-17. Similarly, this age group also held the highest number of jobs over the past six years across Australia.
Type of employment
Of the 350,000 jobs in the Australian Capital Territory in 2016-17, 93.2% of them were employee jobs (footnote 3) and 6.8% were jobs worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises. This development was also consistent at the national level, with 89.5% of all jobs being employee jobs, and only 10.5% being worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises. These proportions have been relatively stable over the six years at both the Australian Capital Territory and national level.
The median income per job (footnote 4) in Australian Capital Territory was $54,800 in 2016-17. Since 2011-12, the median income per job grew by 10.6% in the Australian Capital Territory.
By gender, the male median income per job was higher than the female median in the Australian Capital Territory consecutively throughout all six years of data. Since 2011-12, the male median income per job grew by 9.6% in the Australian Capital Territory. Over the same period, the female median income per job increased by 13.0% in the Australian Capital Territory.
Nationally, the median income per job was $43,200 in 2016-17, lower than the Australian Capital Territory median of $54,800. Similarly, the median income per job for males was also higher than for females ($52,700 and $34,900 respectively) during 2016-17, as well as over the previous six years.
Graph 3: Median income by region, 2011-12 to 2016-17
In the Australian Capital Territory, the five key industries that supplied the most jobs during 2016-17 were Public administration and safety, Professional, scientific and technical services, Accommodation and food services, Health care and social assistance and Administration and support services. Over the past 12 months, the number of jobs in all of these industries increased.
In comparison, the highest employing industries in Australia during 2016-17 were Health care and social assistance, Retail trade, Administration and support services, Education and training, and Accommodation and food services. Over the past 12 months, there was jobs growth in all of these industries.
Graph 4: Distribution of jobs across industries by region, 2016-17
In 2016-17, the most common occupations nationally were Professionals (18.2% of all occupations), Clerical and administrative workers (11.5%), and Managers (10.7%). In the Australian Capital Territory , the most common were Professionals (22.1%), Clerical and administrative workers (17.7%), and Managers (16.0%).
Differences in male and female employment in occupations continued to be pronounced in the Australian Capital Territory. Jobs worked by Managers, Technicians and trades workers, Machinery operators and drivers, and Labourers were most likely to be held by males, while those worked by Professionals, Community and personal service workers, Clerical and administrative workers, and Sales workers were most likely to be held by females.
1. "Jobs in the Australian Capital Territory" refers to jobs worked by people living in that region.
2. The job counts in this publication differ from the filled job estimates from other data sources such as the Australian Labour Account and the Labour Force Australia. The Jobs in Australia data sourced from LEED provides insights into all jobs held throughout the year, while the Labour Account data provides the number of filled jobs at a point-in-time each quarter, and Labour Force Survey data measures the number of people employed each month.
3. Employee jobs include owner managers of incorporated enterprises as these employees cannot be separately identified from other employees in this publication.
4. Median employment income per job is based on filled employee jobs during the reference year. It has been adjusted to account for the duration the job was held. For further detail, see the Explanatory Notes.