1377.0.55.001 - Directory of Non-ABS Sources for Knowledge-Based Economy/Society (KBE/S) Indicators, 2002  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 23/08/2002   
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Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources




Australia as a Modern Economy, Some Statistical Indicators 2002, Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources

This compilation brings together quantitative indicators of Australia's status as a modern, knowledge-based economy (KBE) including comparisons with other countries.
It draws on data from the OECD's Science Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2001, the Australian Bureau of Statistics and other sources.


Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources, Canberra, June 2002


Indicators are presented within the following framework
Information and Communication Technologies
Business Environment
Human Resources


Knowledge-based Industries (KBIs)
OECD groups high-technology and medium-high-technology manufactures, together with health and education services, financial and business services, and communication services as knowledge-based industries.
Knowledge-intensive industries are defined by the OECD as follows:

    • High technology manufacturing - aircraft, office and computing equipment,drugs, and medicine, radio, TV and communications equipment (=ISIC 2423, 30, 32, 33, 353)
    • Medium-high technology manufacturing - professional goods, motor vehicles, electrical machinery excluding communications equipment, chemicals excluding drugs, other transport equipment, non-electrical machinery (=ISIC 24 less 2423, 29, 31, 34, 352, 359)
    • Knowledge-intensive services - education,health, posts and telecommunications, finance and insurance, business services (excluding property services) (=ISIC 64, 65-67, 71-74, 80, 85).

Knowledge Workers
Managers, professionals and associate professionals.
    • Under ISCO-68 classification include the major groups 0/1 and 2 (Professional, technical and related workers & Administrative and managerial workers).
    • Under the ISCO-88 classification include the major groups 1, 2 and 3 (legislators, senior officials and managers, Professionals, & Technicians and associate professionals).




Knowledge-based activities: selected indicators 2000, Department of Industry, Science and Resources

Knowledge-intensive industries has a different working definition of 'knowledge-intensive service' in this earlier publication because of a broader OECD definition which included property services. Also 'community, social and personal services' was included, as a proxy for health and education services in the 1999 publication. See technical notes for further details.

For information on the Knowledge-based Economy and Society see Discussion Paper Measuring a Knowledge-based Economy and Society.

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