4605.0 - Australian Transport and the Environment, 1997
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/06/1997 Ceased
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Transport uses a quarter of national energy
The Australian transport industry consumed a quarter of our national energy in 1995-96, according to Australian Transport and the Environment released today by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Of the total energy used by all transport, 72 per cent was consumed by road transport while 15 per cent was consumed by air transport. Cars accounted for 66 per cent of the energy used by road transport.
Use of road and air transport increased markedly between 1973-74 and 1995-96 (road up 91 per cent, air up 71 per cent), and the total number of urban passenger-kilometres travelled increased by 72 per cent between 1974 and 1993. Most of this was due to an 80 per cent increase in the use of cars for urban journeys. During this time, the use of urban rail fell.
Transport's impact on the environment included changes to air quality, land and marine resources, and human and wildlife environments. For example in 1989-90, around 14.4 million road vehicle tyres were replaced in Australia, with 66 per cent of tyres consigned to landfill.
Other points of interest in the 180 page report from the ABS and other sources include:
Details are in Australian Transport and the Environment (cat. no. 4605.0) available from ABS bookshops.
* World Environment Day is tomorrow June 5.
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