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For more information see Chapter 9.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
A disorder involving anxiety that is generalised and persistent, but not restricted to any particular environmental circumstances. It is chronic and exaggerated worry or tension, even though nothing seems to provoke it. See Chapter 3.
Cash support from the government in the form of pensions, benefits or allowances. See Chapter 9.
Gross weekly cash income
See Household income and Personal income.
Harmful Use (Substance)
A pattern of use of alcohol and/or drugs that is responsible for (or substantially contributes to) physical or psychological harm, including impaired judgement or dysfunctional behaviour. See Chapter 3.
Health risk factors
Characteristics that may increase the likelihood of injury or illness, for example level of exercise or smoking. See Chapter 5.
When hierarchy rules are applied, a person is excluded from a diagnosis, even though they have sufficient symptoms to meet criteria, because they have another disorder that is thought to account for those symptoms. See Chapter 3.
Refers to a person who at some point in their lives was homeless, ie they slept in public places, homeless shelters, a tent, an abandoned building or 'couch surfed' because they had no other choice.
A group of residents of a dwelling who share common facilities and meals or who consider themselves to be a household.
Derived as the sum of the reported personal cash incomes of all household members aged 15 years and over. Household income data is available as gross weekly cash or equivalised income in dollar amounts or in deciles.
See Deciles and Chapter 9.
A lesser degree of mania characterised by a persistent mild elevation of mood and increased activity lasting at least four consecutive days. Increased sociability, over-familiarity and a decreased need for sleep are often present, but not to the extent that they lead to severe disruption. See Chapter 3.
Immediate family members
Parents, parents-in-law, grandparents, brothers and sisters, children, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews and spouse/partner. See Chapter 7.
Refers to a person who at some point in their lives spent time in gaol, prison or a correctional facility.
Money received from:
See Personal income and Household income.
A group of businesses or organisations which perform similar sets of activities in terms of the production of goods and services, which have been grouped together for the purposes of classification. See Chapter 9.
International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10)
The tenth edition of the international standard diagnostic classification for all general epidemiological purposes, many health management purposes and clinical use. The ICD is produced by the World Health Organization and is used in the diagnosis, study and classification of diseases.
The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). A non-specific psychological distress scale based on 10 questions about emotional states in the 30 days prior to interview. See Chapter 6.
Labour force status
Based on work-related activities in the week prior to interview, people were classified as:
See Chapter 9.
Level of exercise
Based on frequency, intensity (ie walking, moderate exercise or vigorous exercise) and duration of exercise (for recreation, sport or fitness) in the week prior to interview. From these components a level of exercise was determined. See Chapter 5.
Level of highest non-school qualification
The highest level of educational attainment above secondary school (ie Year 12). See Chapter 9.
Main source of personal income
Where there was more than one reported source of personal income, a main source was nominated. See Chapter 9.
A disorder in which mood is happy, elevated, expansive or irritable out of keeping with the person's circumstances lasting at least seven days and leading to severe disruption with daily living. See Chapter 3.
See Registered marital status and Social marital status.
The type of medication/s used for mental health in the two weeks prior to interview. See Chapter 8.
A disorder implies 'the existence of a clinically recognisable set of symptoms or behaviour associated in most cases with distress and with interference with personal functions' (WHO, 1992, p5). Most diagnoses require criteria relating to severity and duration to be met. See Chapter 3.
Mental health problem
Perceived problems with mental health, such as stress, worry or sadness, regardless of whether a person met the criteria for diagnosis of a mental disorder.
Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)
A brief assessment that can be used to screen for the presence of cognitive impairment. Only people aged 65-85 years were assessed. See Chapter 6.
Not in the labour force
People who were not categorised as either 'employed' or 'unemployed'. See Chapter 9.
Characterised by obsessions (recurrent thoughts, ideas or images), compulsions (repetitive acts) or both, which cause distress or interfere with the person's normal functioning. See Chapter 3.
A collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation, which have been grouped together for the purposes of classification. See Chapter 9.
A panic attack is a discrete episode of intense fear or discomfort that starts abruptly and reaches a peak within a few minutes and lasts at least some minutes. See Chapter 3.
Panic disorder is recurrent attacks of severe anxiety (panic), which are not restricted to any particular situation or set of circumstances (ie do not occur in the presence of a phobia, or in situations of danger) and are therefore unpredictable. See Chapter 3.
Perceived need for help
For each type of help, perceived health needs were classified as:
See Types of assistance for mental health problems and Chapter 8.
The amount/s of gross weekly cash income received (pre-tax) and the source/s of income. See Chapter 9.
A medical condition, illness, injury or disability that a person had been told by a doctor or nurse that they had, or in the case of stroke, that they had experienced (eg asthma, cancer, or diabetes). See Chapter 5.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
A delayed and/or protracted response to a psychologically distressing event that is outside the range of usual human experience. Experiencing such an event is usually associated with intense fear, terror or helplessness. See Chapter 3.
Prevalence of mental disorders
The proportion of people in a given population who met the criteria for diagnosis of a mental disorder at a point in time.
A mental disorder in which the person has strange ideas or experiences which are unaffected by rational argument and are out of keeping with the views of any culture or group that the person belongs to. See Chapter 6.
Registered marital status
A person's current status in regard to a registered marriage, ie whether they are widowed, divorced, separated, married or have never been married. See Chapter 9.
Section of state
A geographical classification based on the population counts which define Collection Districts (CDs) as urban or rural areas. See Chapter 9.
Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas. A suite of four summary measures which assess different aspects of socio-economic conditions in an area. See Chapter 9.
Services used for mental health problems
Services used for self-perceived mental health problems in the 12 months prior to interview. Services include admissions to hospitals and consultations with health professionals. See Chapter 8.
The impact a mental disorder has on a person, which is calculated through an attributed level of impairment. See Chapter 6.
The extent to which a person was smoking at the time of interview. See Chapter 5.
Social marital status
Social marital status is the relationship status of an individual with reference to another person who is usually resident in the household. A marriage exists when two people live together as husband and wife, or partners, regardless of whether the marriage is formalised through registration. See Chapter 9.
For people who had contact with family and/or friends, whether they could rely on or confide in them if they were faced with a serious problem. See Chapter 7.
A persistent, irrational fear of being the focus of attention, or fear of behaving in a way that will be embarrassing or humiliating. These fears arise in social situations such as meeting new people or speaking in public. A compelling desire to avoid the phobic situation may result. See Chapter 3.
A standard drink contains 12.5ml of alcohol. The serving size determines the number of standard drinks per serve. See Alcohol Use and Chapter 3.
Substance Use disorders
Substance Use disorders include harmful use/abuse and/or dependence on alcohol and/or drugs. See Chapter 3.
Behaviour during the person's lifetime and the 12 months prior to interview, including:
See Chapter 6.
Type of assistance for mental health problems
Types of assistance used for mental health problems (eg information, medication, counselling). See Chapter 8.
Type of health professional
Type of health professionals that a person had a consultation with (eg general practitioner (GP), psychiatrist, psychologist, mental health nurse). See Chapter 8.
People aged 16 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
See Chapter 9.
World Health Organization (WHO)
The WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. For more information see the WHO website <www.who.int/>
The WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) is a simple tool for assessing disturbances in social adjustment and behaviour in people with a mental disorder. See Chapter 5.
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