SCOPE OF THE 2016 CENSUS
1 The Census aims to count every person who spent Census night in Australia, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families. Visitors to Australia are in scope regardless of how long they have been in the country or how long they plan to stay. Australian residents out of the country on Census Night are out of scope in the Census.
2 The scope of the Census included people in the six states, the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory, and the Territories of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Antarctica and Norfolk Island. The inclusion of Norfolk Island in Other Territories was new for 2016, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. The other Australian external territories (minor islands such as Heard Island and McDonald Island) remained outside the scope of the Census. People outside Australia who were not required to undertake migration formalities, such as those on oil and gas rigs off the Australian coast, were in scope.
3 All private dwellings, except diplomatic dwellings, were included in the Census, whether occupied or unoccupied. Caravans, cabins and tents in caravan parks, and manufactured homes in manufactured home estates were counted only if occupied. Occupied non-private dwellings, such as hospitals, prisons, hotels, etc., were also included.