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Indigenous Statistics for Schools
 



Image: Housing HOUSING

Housing Tenure

There are three main types of housing tenure: rented, being purchased and owned outright. According to the 2006 Census, Indigenous households were much more likely to be renting their home (63%), than currently buying it (24%) or owning it outright (12%). This pattern is similar to that observed in the 2001 Census.


Housing Tenure, Occupied Private Dwellings, Indigenous households (a), 2001 and 2006

(a) An Indigenous household is any household that had at least one person as a resident at the time of Census who identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.
Source data: Population Characteristics, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 (cat. no. 4713.0)


Indigenous households were also more than twice as likely as other households to be living in rental accommodation. The 2006 Census recorded 63% of Indigenous households and 28% of non-Indigenous households as renting. This is similar to the 2001 Census, which showed 66% of Indigenous households were renting compared to 28% of non-Indigenous households.


Housing Tenure (a), Occupied Private Dwellings, Indigenous and Other households (b), 2006
Tenure Type
Indigenous households
%
Other households
%
2001
2006
2001
2006
Fully Owned
13
12
42
36
Owned with a mortgage
20
24
28
35
Rented (c)
66
63
28
28
Other
1
1
1
1
(a) based on place of enumeration.
(b) An Indigenous household is any household that had at least one person as a resident at the time of Census who identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.
(c) Includes dwellings where landlord type was not stated.
Source: 4713.0 Population Characteristics, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006, Table 9.2

Remoteness
The 'remoteness' of Indigenous households was a factor affecting the tenure type. Indigenous tenure type was similar in all areas except for in Remote and Very Remote areas where rental tenure rose to 71% and 89% of households respectively. This is partly due to the tenure types available in remote areas and on traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander lands.

Tenure Type by Remoteness Areas, Indigenous Households (a) (b), 2006

(a) Occupied private dwellings.
(b) An Indigenous household is any household that had at least one person as a resident at the time of Census who identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.
Source: Population Characteristics, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 (cat. no. 4713.0 )

The tenure type of Indigenous households also varies by state and territory. This partly reflects differences in the types of housing that are available and the differences in remoteness between the states and territories.

The proportion of Indigenous households owning/purchasing their own home was highest in Tasmania (55%) and the Australian Capital Territory (43%), followed by Victoria (42%) and New South Wales (38%). Conversely, the Northern Territory had the lowest proportion of home owner/purchaser households (20%) and the highest proportion of renters (79%) of all the states/territories. This reflects the large number of Indigenous people who live on traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander lands and in remote and very remote areas within the Northern Territory.

Tenure Type, Occupied Private Dwellings, Indigenous households (a), by State or Territory, 2006

(a) An Indigenous household is any household that had at least one person as a resident at the time of Census who identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.
Source: 4713.0, Population Characteristics, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006


Further Information:

Population Characteristics, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 (cat. no. 4713.0)

Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, 2006 (cat. no. 4704.0)



Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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