|INTRODUCTION TO LABOUR STATISTICS TRAINING|
Introduction to Labour Statistics is a one-day training course that is designed for anyone who uses or needs to understand ABS Labour Statistics. The course provides an overview of the range of concepts and issues associated with ABS labour statistics. It explores the data produced by both household and employer based collections, and highlights the range of data available.
Courses are scheduled for delivery in 2014 for most state/territory capital cities. For more details about the training course, or to register attendance, please refer to the ABS Training page or contact Pourus Bharucha on (02) 6252 6218 or email <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
|NEW RETIREMENT AND LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION DATA AVAILABLE|
The ABS's Labour Statistics Program recently released two articles analysing retirement and labour force participation.
'Incentives to join or increase labour force participation' was included in the 28 November release of Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation, Australia, July 2012–13 (cat. no. 6239.0). It examines some of the incentives people reported to be 'very important' to encourage them to participate (or increase participation) in the labour force. Both persons not in the labour force and those employed part-time place importance on being able to work part-time hours and being able to work set hours on set days. This highlights the preference for many in these groups to engage in, or maintain, part-time employment to enable them to balance their work with other commitments. The unemployed placed importance on utilising their existing skills/experience and improving their skills through training/study. This demonstrates the importance of skills, experience and job fit in assisting them transition into employment. For females with children aged under 13 years, child care incentives were particularly important.
'Changing retirement intentions and behaviours - an age cohort analysis' was included in the 9 December release of Retirement and Retirement Intentions, Australia, 2012–13 (cat. no. 6238.0). It compares the retirement intentions and behaviours of four age cohorts in 2012-13 against the expectations of each of the same cohorts in earlier years. The article found that in general, less people were retired in 2012-13 than expected to be when asked in 2004-05, which indicates that people are retiring later than previously intended. While people are remaining in the labour force longer than expected, the proportion of people working part-time before retirement had increased, and there was a decrease in the proportion of people working part-time hours but preferring more hours. Together these findings point to a voluntary transition to retirement through working part-time. It was also found that people were most likely to have government pension as their main source of income at retirement in 2012-13 despite most of the same cohort expecting to retire mainly on superannuation.
|UPCOMING CHANGE TO GEOGRAPHY STANDARD USED IN THE LABOUR FORCE SURVEY|
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) introduced a new geographical classification, the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS), on 1 July 2011 prior to conducting the 2011 Census of Population and Housing. The new geography standard has been designed to provide users with statistical regions that are more stable over time, consistent in size, more detailed, better representative of underlying settlement patterns and socio-economic relationships, and encompassed in a single framework. In addition, the ASGS is adaptable because, as population regions grow, consistency can be maintained with previous regions (i.e. a growing region may be split in two).
In the Labour Force Survey (LFS) geography is used to define areas from which households are selected and to disseminate regional statistics. The ABS redesigns Labour Force regions after each Census and, following the 2011 Census of Population and Housing, introduced the new geographic standard, the ASGS into the sample design.
Despite the LFS sample being selected entirely from an ASGS-based design since August 2013, the ABS is continuing to release estimates on the existing Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) basis until the December 2013 issue. From the January 2014 issue, estimates will no longer be released or available on the ASGC. Labour force estimates will be published using ASGS regions from the January 2014 issue onwards and will be backcast to October 1998.
For further information, please refer to the Information Paper: Regional Labour Force Statistics, 2014 (cat. no. 6262.0),
|REVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES STATISTICS|
The ABS has conducted a review of the Industrial Disputes statistics presented in this publication. Since the last comprehensive review in 1999 there have been a number of changes to industrial relations legislation and, more generally, the structure of the labour market and nature of working arrangements have also changed considerably. An important element of the review was to understand the contemporary and potential future data requirements of users. The first phase of the review has been completed and the recommendations were discussed at the ABS Labour Statistics Advisory Group on 22 November 2013. The ABS is now investigating the operational impacts of implementing the recommendations. Once the outcomes from the operational phase are finalised, information about any changes to the Industrial Disputes statistics will be communicated to users, primarily through notes in this publication.
If you would like further information about the review, please contact Sue-Ellen Luke on (08) 9360 5226 or Manpreet Singh on (08) 9360 5916.
|UPCOMING CHANGE IN COLLECTION PROCEDURES FOR THE LABOUR FORCE SURVEY|
The ABS has been monitoring any potential impacts of the transition to online self-completion. Over the first four months of the roll-out period no large statistical impact (larger than three standard errors) has been identified. The ABS will continue analysis over the next 12 months to identify and quantify if there has been any statistical impact.
The LFS receives a high level of cooperation from individuals in selected dwellings, with the response rate typically ranging from 95 to 97% each month. However, in recent years it has become increasingly difficult to contact persons selected in the Survey due to changes in lifestyles. This has led to significant increases in costs which are not sustainable. In response, the ABS is refining procedures for the collection of Labour Force data. As a result, from 2014 the LFS response rate is expected to range from 93 to 95% each month. Analysis undertaken by the ABS has shown that this will not have a significant impact on the quality of Labour Force estimates at the Australia and State levels. The impact on regional Labour Force data is still being assessed, but it is unlikely to be significant. Response rates for the ABS's LFS will remain higher than those for similar surveys conducted by national statistical offices in comparable countries.
This initiative is part of a broader program of ABS work to enhance the cost-effectiveness of its response follow-up strategies while maintaining the high quality of its statistics. The ABS remains committed to producing high quality labour force estimates and will continue to monitor the estimates to determine if there is any impact from the changed procedures.
|500TH LABOUR FORCE SURVEY|
On Sunday 1 December, the 500th LFS went into the field for enumeration - 70 quarterly surveys between November 1960 and February 1978 followed by 430 monthly surveys between March 1978 and December 2013.
The LFS is the Bureau's longest running household survey and has provided the basis on
which the ABS has built an extensive program of labour and social surveys of the Australian population. The LFS provides official statistics about the number of employed and unemployed Australians and their working arrangements.
ABS household surveys, including the LFS, draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated: without it, the wide range of population and social statistics published by the ABS would not be available.
Results from the 500th LFS will be published on 16 January 2014.
Regional Labour Force Statistics
In December 2013, the ABS released Information Paper : Regional Labour Force Statistics, 2014 (cat. no. 6262.0), which describes changes to become effective in February 2014 to the regional boundaries used in the dissemination of labour force statistics derived from the monthly Labour Force Survey (LFS) . The paper also provides general information on the quality of the labour force statistics for those dissemination regions.
Employment and Earnings
In December 2013, the ABS released Employment and Earnings, Public Sector, Australia, 2012-13 (cat. no. 6248.0.55.002), which contains estimates of number of public sector employees and cash wages and salaries by level of government by state and industry.
The survey results show that in June 2013 there were 1,891, 300 public sector employees. There were 248,500 employees in Commonwealth government, 1,450,200 in state government and 192,500 in local government. In 2012-13, the total cash wages and salaries for the public sector was $133,786.2 million.
Retirement and Retirement Intentions
In December 2013, the ABS released Retirement and Retirement Intentions, Australia, 2012–13 (cat. no. 6238.0), which presents information about the retirement status and retirement intentions of people aged 45 and over who have, at some time, worked for two weeks or more. The estimates can be cross classified by a range of demographic and labour force characteristics.
The survey results show that almost one in five Australians over 45 years of age who intend to retire, plan to retire from the labour force at 70 years old and older. Around half of the 3.7 million people aged 45 years and over indicated that they intend to retire form the labour force and their main expected income at retirement would be 'superannuation, annuity or allocated pension'.
In December 2013, the ABS released Industrial Disputes, Australia, Sept 2013 (cat. no. 6321.0.55.001), which presents statistics on the number of industrial disputes, employees involved, working days lost and working days lost per 1,000 employees in disputes involving stoppages of work of 10 working days or more This information can be cross classified by state, industry, cause of dispute, working days lost per employee involved and reason work resumed.
The survey results show that in the September quarter 2013, there were 65 disputes, four more than in the June quarter 2013. The number of employees involved in industrial disputes in the September quarter 2013 was 19,700, an increase from 10,900 in the June quarter 2013, There were 23,000 working days lost due to industrial disputation in the September quarter 2013, an increase from 19,800 in the June quarter 2013.
Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation
In November 2013, the ABS released Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation, Australia, 2012–13 (cat. no. 6239.0), which presents information about people 18 years and over, who were either not employed or usually work less then 35 hours. Information from this survey are used to obtain a better understanding of the factors that influence people to participate in the labour force and the hours they work. Estimates can be cross-classified by demographics such as sex, age and country of birth, as well as labour force characteristics.
The survey results show around 2.6 million people who were jobless and wanted a job or working or working part-time and wanted to work more hours, but could not for a variety of reasons. Nearly 60 per cent of women caring for children said that the availability of childcare places was also a very important consideration when looking for work, followed by financial assistance with childcare costs. For men, 40 per cent of those seeking work or employed part-time considered that a job matching their skills and experience was very important.
Measures of Australia's Progress
In November 2013, the ABS released Measures of Australia's Progress, 2013 (cat. no. 1370.0), which comprises measures which are able to clearly show progress over time (progress indicators) across the four domains of Australia's society, economy, environment and governance. Progress was found in the areas of health, learning and knowledge, jobs, living standards and participation.
Wage Price Index
In November 2013, the ABS released Wage Price Index, Australian, Sep 2013 (cat. no. 6345.0). The Wage Price Index measures changes in the price of labour services resulting from market pressures, and is unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.
The survey results shows that in September 2013, the Private sector index rose by 0.7% and the Public sector index rose at a slower rate of 0.5%. The All sectors quarterly rise was 0.6%. The Private sector rise through the year to the September quarter 2013 was 2.8%, this was larger than the Public sector rise of 2.6%. Through the year the trend All sectors index rose 2.6%.
This page first published 11 December 2012, last updated 20 December 2013