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Newsletters - National Centre for Culture and Recreation Statistics (NCCRS) - July Quarter 2002



Regular readers may have noticed that there was no NCCRS newsletter issued in April 2002. This was because, although a number of projects were under way, the publications resulting from that work only began to appear in the second quarter of the year. In turn, this edition of the newsletter describes a number of publications which have been released in recent months.

Commencing last August, the ABS collected data on a number of sport and leisure industries, in respect of the 2000-01 financial year. Publications based on these collections are being released progressively through 2002. In this edition of the newsletter, key findings from the publications released to date are presented, with a particular focus on gambling activity and amusement industries. We are looking forward to the release of information about sports industries later this year. Detailed information about these industries was last collected in respect of 1994-95.

Another survey conducted in respect of 2000-01 was the Business Generosity Survey. In this edition of the newsletter we have highlighted the extent to which businesses support arts and sporting activities through sponsorships and donations. A survey which collected information about sporting facilities in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities is also covered, as is a report prepared last year by NCCRS on evidence of the social benefits of participating in sport and recreation, which is now available on the Australian Sports Commission web site.


It is generally accepted that sport and recreation have strong social benefits. Reports on these benefits are frequently cited by writers promoting the value of investment in sport and recreation programs. An annotated bibliography has been produced which provides information on approximately 100 Australian and international references that explore the social impacts of sport and recreation. The bibliography also assesses the strength of evidence for each impact and identifies the reported circumstances under which social benefits might be maximised. The bibliography has been grouped into categories based on the following potential social benefits:

1. Community pride/identity
2. Crime prevention
3. Development of life skills
4. Mood
5. Personal well-being
6. Self-esteem
7. Social behaviour
8. Social cohesion

The Social Impacts Bibliography provides some evidence for the social benefits of participating in sport and recreation, but this is by no means conclusive. In fact, some reports provide evidence of negative impacts or no impact. The full report has been loaded on the web site of the Australian Sports Commission and this can be accessed through the following address:

Further enquiries may be directed to Lisa Conolly, on (08) 8237 7402.


The NCCRS recently produced a brochure entitled 'Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities 2001' on behalf of the Cultural Ministers Council Statistics Working Group (CMC SWG). The brochure contains summary data from the Survey of Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities conducted by the ABS. The topics-all of which deal with work in selected culture and leisure activities-include: extent of involvement; characteristics of people involved; whether paid involvement was part of main job; duration of involvement; and people with arts or culture training. A brief comparison of results over time was also included in the brochure.

If you would like a free copy of this brochure, please email your request to


Australian households spent an average of $27.19 per week on culture in 1998-99, which accounted for 3.9% of their average weekly expenditure and 3.1% of their average weekly income. With 7.1 million households in Australia, this means households collectively spent $10,098 million on culture in 1998-99. The cultural items which accounted for the most expenditure were books ($3.11 per week), televisions ($2.62 per week), newspapers ($2.54 per week) and pre-recorded compact discs and records ($1.91 per week).

This information is contained in the CMC SWG report Household Expenditure on Culture. This report was prepared by the NCCRS and is based on ABS data collected in 1998-99 Household Expenditure Survey. The report is available electronically on the CMC SWG web site: Alternatively, copies of the report can be requested from the CMC SWG Secretariat, c/o The Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, GPO Box 2154, CANBERRA ACT 2601, telephone: 02 6271 1051, fax 02 6271 1697 or


The 2001 Community Housing and Infrastructure Needs Survey collected data about all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander housing organisations and discrete Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Australia. It collected data on the availability of housing and related infrastructure - such as water, electricity and sewerage systems, rubbish collection and disposal - and facilities - such as transport, communication, education, sport and health services - in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

The survey found that a total of 80,841 (85%) people living in communities with a population of 50 or more had access to at least one type of sporting facility in their community. This reflects the fact that nearly two thirds (65%) of discrete Indigenous communities of this size had such facilities. The larger communities were more likely to have these facilities with 88% of communities with a usual population of 200 people or more having at least one sporting facility, compared with 34% of communities with a usual population of 50 to 99 people. The types of sporting facilities most commonly reported were outdoor courts for games such as basketball, netball and tennis (83% of those with at least one sporting facility) and sports grounds (78%).

Main features of Housing and Infrastructure in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Communities, 2000-01 are available free of charge on this site.


Surveys of businesses providing gambling services in Australian in 2000-01 revealed that total net takings from gambling during 2000-01 were $13.8 billion, which was an increase of 26% since 1997-98. Net takings are the revenue earned by businesses from gambling services, net of payouts to players or bettors.

At 30 June 2001 there were 6,012 businesses providing gambling facilities in Australia. A large percentage (75%) of these businesses were hospitality clubs, pubs, taverns and bars. Other businesses providing gambling facilities were thoroughbred, harness and greyhound racing clubs, other sporting clubs and venues, casinos, lottery operators, other gambling services (such as bookmaking services and totalisator services and agencies) and some accommodation businesses.

Almost two-thirds (63% or $8,752 million) of the total net takings from gambling came from poker or gaming machines. Net takings from poker and gaming machines have increased by 39% since 1997-98. There were 185,512 poker or gaming machines in use at the end of June 2001, up 19.5% from three years earlier. Most of these machines were located in hospitality clubs (60.4%), pubs, taverns and bars (30.0%) and casinos (5.9%).

During 2000-01 the gambling taxes and levies paid to governments totalled $4,397 million, representing 32% of the net takings from gambling. The largest source of gambling taxes and levies was poker and gaming machines (in premises other than casinos), which accounted for 55% of total gambling taxes and levies.

Main features of Gambling Industries, Australia, 2000-01 are available free of charge on this site, as are the main features of another recent release relevant to this topic, Clubs, Pubs, Taverns and Bars, Australia, 2000-01.


There were 8.9 million visits to the 30 major amusement and theme parks in Australia during 2000-01. More than one-half of these visits (56%) were to amusement and theme parks in Queensland. On average, each amusement and theme park received $29 per visit from admission, rides, food, drinks and merchandise sales.

The 30 major amusement and theme parks employed 4,150 people, 54% of whom were casual employees. The total income for these amusement and theme parks during 2000-01 was $287 million. More than half of this income ($162 million) came from admissions and rides. The operating profit margin for these parks for 2000-01 was -9.4%.

Findings from a survey of amusement centres (i.e. indoor play centres, amusement machine centres, mini golf centres, etc.) show that at the end of June 2001 there were 288 businesses operating amusement centres in 384 locations. These centres employed 2,793 people, with 61% working on a casual basis.

Amusement centres recorded a total income for 2000-01 of $137 million, with $73 million of this being received as takings from coin-operated amusement machines.

Main features of Selected Amusement and Leisure Industries, Australia, 2000-01 are available free of charge on this site.


Much of the detailed data on culture and leisure industries which we highlight in this newsletter is collected and published as part of the ABS Service Industries Statistics (SIS) program. On the ABS web site there is now a theme page which contains information on the SIS program, products and services. The theme page includes information on the following industries:

Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants
Transport and Storage
Property and Business Services
Health and Community Services
Cultural and Recreational Services
Personal and Other Services

Up-to-date information on the latest publications, publications coming soon and the rolling program of SIS collections is available from that theme page.

The theme page will be updated progressively as new publications are released. To access the theme page click on Service Industry Statistics or go to and click on themes in the menu on the left hand side of the screen. Then click on Service Industries Statistics under the Industry heading.

For further information contact Sandra Hine on (02) 6252 6532 or


The Business Generosity Survey in respect of 2000-01 collected information on 'business giving' to organisations and individuals. Giving is accounted for in categories defined as sponsorships, donations, and business to community projects. Total business giving amounted to $1,446.6 million, of which sport and recreation activities attracted the largest percentage (43.4%) and arts and culture activities attracted 4.8%.

In this survey, arts and culture activities were defined as the performing arts, the creative arts, museum, art gallery and library activities, and zoological or botanical parks and garden operations. Sports and recreation activities were defined as the operation of sporting events, clubs and teams, indoor or outdoor recreational facility operations, social, leisure and hobby club activities, and recreational parks and garden operations.

Sport and recreation activities attracted the most sponsorship, to a total amount of $479.8 million. This was 70.7% of the total sponsorship dollars from businesses for all activities ($678.7 million). Arts and culture activities attracted $40.4 million in business sponsorship during 2000-01.

Total donations by businesses in 2000-01 to arts and culture activities, and sport and recreation activities amounted to $22.8 million and $108.8 million, respectively. Business to community projects (i.e., cooperative arrangements between businesses and non-related community organisations or individuals) for these activities totalled $6.3 million for arts and culture activities and $39.4 million for sport and recreation activities.

Businesses providing cultural and recreational services contributed 5.8% ($83.6 million) of the total amount given by all businesses to all of the activities included in the survey. Donations accounted for the largest percentage (62.4% or $52.2 million) of this, with contributions for sponsorship and business to community projects amounting to $25.4 million and $5.9 million, respectively.

More information is available in Generosity of Australian Businesses, 2000-01 (Cat. No. 8157.0).


A Tourism Satellite Account involves the identification of tourism activities within the national accounting framework so that a comprehensive set of economic data on tourism can be compiled. The ABS has just released a Tourism Satellite Account for the 2000-01 period. Tourism is not an 'industry' in the traditional sense because industries are classified in accordance with the goods and services they produce, whereas tourism depends on the status of the customer. A Tourism Satellite Account partitions industries into tourism and non-tourism activities so that the direct contribution of tourism to the economy can be measured on a basis consistent with 'traditional' industries.

The tourism industry share of Australia's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2000-01 was 4.7%, up from 4.4% in 1999-2000. The increase largely reflects the impact of the new tax system on prices paid by tourists.

The 2000-01 Tourism Satellite Account found that domestic and overseas visitors contributed $71.2 billion to Australia's economy. Domestic visitors and international visitors contributed 76% and 24% respectively to this amount. The international visitors component increased 17% compared with the previous year, which at least partly reflects the impact of the Sydney Olympics.

In 2000-01, tourism contributed 11.2% to Australia's exports of goods and services. During this period, tourism activities employed 551,000 people, which was 6% of total employment.

Main features of Australian National Account: Tourism Satellite Accounts, 2000-01 are available free of charge on this site.


The first release of 2001 Census data was launched by the Australian Statistician, Mr Dennis Trewin, on June 17, 2002.

As well as standard demographic information such as age and sex, first release data include information on ancestry, birthplace of individuals and their parents, language spoken at home and religious affiliation. This information is useful for examining the cultural and ethnic mix of the Australian community and in determining services required by those communities. First release data also include information on computer use at home and Internet use. The second release of 2001 Census data, which will occur in November this year, will include information about employment, including the industry and occupation of the main job being undertaken in the week before census night.

The 2001 Census provides the most extensive range of free data ever available through the ABS web site, at census under the Free Data heading. Basic Community Profiles down to Statistical Local Areas, Indigenous Profiles down to Indigenous Areas, Main Findings from statistical publications and Census Snapshots are all available free of charge. On selection of the preferred product, users can navigate to the area of interest using either an area name list or drill-down map interface.

Should the information in which you are interested not appear to be available in the standard product range, contact an ABS Information Consultant who can advise on customised 2001 Census data that may satisfy your requirements. To do so, call the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.

Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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