Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate this page
ABS Home
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
Newsletters - National Centre for Culture and Recreation Statistics (NCCRS) - January Quarter 2002



In the January 2001 edition of the newsletter, I noted that 2001 was going to be an exciting year for NCCRS. This certainly turned out to be the case. In particular, the key achievement of the past year was the release of the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC) - a document which contains three classifications: industry, product and occupation. These classifications are expected to be adopted widely by users of culture and leisure data in Australia, which in turn should result in improved coordination and comparability between data collections. Some of the other achievements of the year were as follows: NCCRS celebrated its 10th anniversary; initial work on developing a culture and leisure information model commenced; NCCRS was overwhelmed with the level of interest in the new data on children's activities during their free time; and, as described in this newsletter, a culture and sport and recreation theme page was launched on the ABS Web site.

As for 2002, this year should also prove to be an interesting and busy year for us at NCCRS. We will continue to work on key projects such as the development of an information model and the compilation of a data directory that contains details on both ABS and non-ABS data sets of relevance to culture and leisure. As we did in 2001, we will release publications regarding government funding of cultural activities and the book publishing industry. In addition, 2002 will see the first release of data from a new NCCRS collection of government funding of sport and physical recreation (described further in this newsletter), and a new collection of data on Australian book retailers. NCCRS also plans to commence an update of two highly popular statistical overview reports that were last released in 1997. These reports - one covering sport and recreation and the other, cultural topics - will present relevant statistics from a range of ABS and non-ABS collections.

A number of other data sets which contain information of interest to those in the culture, sport and recreation sectors will also be released by the ABS during the upcoming year. An example of some of the key data releases that are planned for 2002 are as follows.
  • Data from the Community Housing and Infrastructure Needs Survey (CHINS) will be released in early 2002. Information on the existence, and frequency of use, of a range of sporting facilities in Indigenous Australian communities (with a population of 50 or more) will be available.
  • Data from the 2001 Business Generosity Survey on the dollar values of sponsorships, donations and 'business to community projects' to the sport and recreation sector and to the arts and culture sector will be made available in mid 2002.
  • Data from the Sport and Recreation Industry Surveys will be released from mid 2002 onwards, with the publications to be released by the ABS covering 12 ACLC classes (e.g., Sports and Physical Recreation Clubs, teams and Sports Professionals; Health and Fitness Centres and Gymnasia; and Amusement and Theme Parks).
  • Data from the 2001 National Health Survey will be released in late 2002 providing up-to-date information on the exercise levels of Australians aged 15 years and over.

As usual, we will continue to provide up-dates on these data releases and other activities of interest via this newsletter.

Adriana Vanden Heuvel


Just before Christmas 2001, the National Centre for Culture and Recreation Statistics launched its Theme Page on the ABS Web site. The Culture and Recreation Theme Page is a valuable reference source for those seeking information about culture and recreation statistical resources and contacts. Readers can select a topic of interest - such as music and the performing arts, physical activity, or sport and leisure industries - and view details of ABS and some non-ABS articles and publications which contain statistics about that topic. The Theme Page also provides links to the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications, the NCCRS newsletters and other Web sites related to culture and recreation.

The NCCRS plans to update the contents of the Theme Page regularly. A significant update to watch out for in the coming months is the Directory of Culture and Recreation Statistics. This directory will provide details of a wide range of ABS data collections which contain data of relevance to culture and recreation.


One in six Australians aged 15 or over (2.5 million people or 17% of those aged 15 years or over) did some paid or unpaid work in selected culture and leisure activities in the year ended April 2001. The most popular culture and leisure activities were writing books and articles (536,900 people), visual arts (503,200), crafts (396,400), performing arts (364,600) and design, such as advertising and graphic design (349,800).

About one in three workers (36%) received payment for the culture and leisure activities which they undertook. People most likely to receive payment were those involved in television (65%) and in design activities (60%). People were least likely to get paid for activities such as organising art and craft shows (14%) and working on-stage in the performing arts (11%).

Similar data collected in 1993 and 1997 show substantial increases in the number of persons involved in several of the cultural activities over the eight-year period. The number of people who reported some work as photographers increased by 98% between 1993 and 2001, while the number of painters increased by 90% and the number of live music performers increased by 18%.

Main features of Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities, Australia, April 2001 (ABS Cat No. 6281.0) are available free of charge on this site.


One in ten Australians aged 15 or over (1.4 million people) were involved in a support role such as a coach, referee or committee member in an organised sport or physical activity in the year ended April 2001. The most common roles were committee member or administrator (595,000 people), coach, instructor or teacher (558,400), scorer or timekeeper (453,700) and referee or umpire (340,000).

These data indicate a fall in the number of persons involved in such roles from 12% in 1997 to 10% in 2001. In 2001, there were 69,900 fewer coaches and instructors, 116,800 fewer referees and umpires, and 134,400 fewer sport administrators and committee members than there had been in 1997.

Most of the people involved in organising and running sport and physical activities volunteered their time. In 2001, of the 2.1 million support roles undertaken, 11% of these roles attracted payment (either in dollars and/or goods and services). The survey also provides information about people who played or participated and the results indicate that 3.5 million people (24% of those aged 15 years and over) had played organised sport and physical activity in the previous 12 months. Of these people, 88,100 players (2.5%) received some payment.

Main features of Involvement in Organised Sport and Physical Activities, Australia, April 2001 (ABS Cat No. 6285.0) are available free of charge on this site.


Each year the ABS produces input-output multipliers for the 106 industry sectors which make up the Australian economy. These multipliers take into account the economic relationships that exist between industries, and allow predictions to be made about the impact on the economy of a change in demand for an output of any one industry. The NCCRS has recently produced a report for the Cultural Ministers Council Statistics Working Group (CMC SWG) which provides output, value added and employment multipliers specifically for the culture related industries. These multipliers can be used to assess the impact on the economy of, for example, a special event (such as a festival) or a new project (such as the shooting of a feature film). The report also describes what input-output multipliers are and explains how they are constructed.

The report is available electronically on the CMC SWG web site: Alternatively, copies of the report can be requested from the CMC SWG Secretariat, c/o The Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, GPO Box 2154, CANBERRA ACT 2601 Telephone: 02 6271 1051, fax 02 6271 1697 or


The latest version of the National Sport and Recreation Industry Database and Directory (NSRIDD) was released in December 2001. NSRIDD contains thousands of tables of information assembled from various ABS data collections and is a valuable reference source for anyone looking for statistics on sport and recreation. The latest release of NSRIDD includes 1998-99 Household Expenditure Survey data, Business Operations and Industry Performance data for 1999-2000, Voluntary work data for 2000 and Foreign Trade data for 2000-2001. NSRIDD may be accessed by contacting the RSISG member in each of the following Government agencies:

NSW Department of Sport and Recreation(02) 9006 3761
Sport and Recreation Victoria (03) 9666 4316
Sport and Recreation Queensland(07) 3239 0753
SA Office of Recreation, Sport and Racing(08) 8416 6608
WA Department of Sport and Recreation(08) 9387 9750
Tasmanian Office of Sport and Recreation(03) 6233 5612
NT Department of Sport and Recreation (08) 8982 2323
ACT Bureau of Sport and Recreation(02) 6207 2072
Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts (Canberra)(02) 6271 1819

Alternatively, NSRIDD can be accessed at the Australian Sports Commission - (02) 6214 1369 or through Sport Industry Australia (02) 6285 1887.


The Standing Committee on Recreation and Sport (SCORS) has requested that the NCCRS undertake a collection of data on Commonwealth, State, Territory and Local government funding of sport and physical recreation for the 2000-2001 financial year. Output from the collection will provide the first consistent and comparable data on funding of sport and physical recreation by the three levels of government and will be the starting point for a time series to monitor change in funding over time. Categories of funding that are likely to be included in the final report are: government and non-government administration of sport; venues and facilities; clubs, teams and individuals; and support activities. Collection activities have commenced and output, in the form of an ABS publication, will be released in late 2002.


The NCCRS recently produced a brochure entitled 'Selected Cultural Industries 1999-2000' summarising data obtained from a series of ABS surveys on cultural services. Examples of industries covered in the brochure are: Museums; Performing arts venues; and Commercial art galleries. The brochure was released in mid-January by the Cultural Ministers Council Statistics Working Group. The brochure is available on the CMC SWG web site: Copies can be requested from the CMC SWG Secretariat, c/o The Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, GPO Box 2154, CANBERRA ACT 2601, Telephone: 02 6271 1051, or


At the end of June 2001, there were 13 casinos operating in Australia which employed a total of 20,413 persons. The majority (60%) of persons in the industry (12,319), comprising 7,593 males and 4,726 females, were employed on a permanent full-time basis. In addition, there were 4,485 casual employees and 3,609 permanent part-time employees at the end of June 2001. The industry employed 8,353 licensed gaming staff, 2,099 waiters and waitresses, and 1,939 bar managers and attendants.

The casino industry generated a total income of $3,137m (an increase of 3% from the previous year), with takings from gambling contributing $2,504m or 80% to the total income. The main components of gambling income were net takings from gaming tables ($1,464 million) and net takings from poker/gaming machines ($1,021 million) which have increased by 2% and 9% respectively since 1999-2000. In contrast to these increases, net takings from Keno ($19 million) decreased by 11%.

The casinos industry incurred total expenses of $2,599m during 2000-01, resulting in an operating profit before tax of $537m. This represents an increase of 19% from the previous year and an operating profit margin of 17.4%. As with previous years, labour costs remained the most significant expense, accounting for 32% ($842m) of total expenses. Gambling taxes and levies ($503m) were the next most significant expense for casinos and represented 19% of total expenses.

Main features of
Casinos, Australia, 2000-01 (ABS Cat No. 8683.0) are available free of charge on this site.


While there has been a fall in the number of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) since the June quarter 2001, the number of registered Internet subscribers has continued to increase. At the end of the September quarter 2001 there were 603 ISPs (a decrease of 4.0%) supplying Internet access services to 4.3 million (an increase of 2.2%) active Internet subscribers across Australia. Of the 603 ISPs, 6 very large ISPs provided Internet access to 64% (2.8 million) of all Internet subscribers. Of the 4.3 million Internet subscribers in Australia, 3.7 million were household subscribers and 544,000 were business and government subscribers.

Main features of Internet Activity Australia, September Quarter 2001 (ABS Cat No. 8153.0) are available free of charge on this site.



Culture Topics: Chris Giddings on (08) 8237 7326

Sport Topics: Nigel Williams on (08) 8237 7427

Director: Adriana Vanden Heuvel on (08) 8237 7399

Fax: (08) 8237 7366

National Centre for Culture and Recreation Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
GPO Box 2272

ABS Internet site:


If you would like to be added to our electronic mailing list for Culture and Recreation News or if you want to make any changes regarding your current details on the mailing list, please take a moment to complete the following.

[ ] Please add me to your mailing list (specify your details and desired format below).
[ ] Please update my details (provide new details below).
[ ] Please remove my name from your mailing list (provide your details below).

Postal address:
E-mail address:
Daytime phone:

Please print off this section and return it to NCCRS at the address listed under Contact Points. Alternatively, you may wish to e-mail these details to

NOTE: If you are currently on our mailing list and would like to continue receiving Culture and Recreation News and your details haven't changed, then you do not need to return this slip.

Commonwealth of Australia 2008

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.