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Newsletters - Demography News - July 2000

1 Population

The preliminary estimated resident population of Australia for the year ended December 1999 was 19,080,800 persons. The population increased by 59,400 persons in the December quarter and 229,600 persons in the year ended December 1999.

The national growth rate during the year ended December 1999 was 1.2% compared with 1.3% for the year ended December 1998. Queensland had the highest growth rate (1.6%) while Tasmania had negative growth (-0.2%).

Preliminary net overseas migration remained constant in the year ended December 1999 (111,200), when compared with the year ended December 1998 (111,600). Over the past 12 months, net permanent migration increased by 3%, net long-term migration increased by 32% and category jumping fell 66%. Natural increase for the year ended December 1999 was 118,400 persons, a decline of 2,900 persons when compared with the year ended December 1998.

Negative net interstate migration in the six months to December 1999 for Western Australia resulted in a small positive gain for the calendar year. Victoria recorded a net interstate migration gain in 1999.

For more details, see Australian Demographic Statistics, December Quarter 1999 (Cat. No. 3101.0).

2 Universities now have desktop access to ABS data via the Web

The Australian Vice-Chancellors' Committee (AVCC) and the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) on 17 April signed an agreement that has unlocked a huge range of ABS statistics for online use by Australia's university staff and students. The agreement provides access to AusStats which delivers desktop access for University staff and students to thousands of pages of Web data, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, with daily updating of significant economic and social data.

AusStats delivers timely access to more than 2,000 ABS Publications, time series data and tables (over 90,000 series in spreadsheet format), metadata (documentation of surveys, concepts and data items), economic models and 1996 Census Basic Community Profiles. New data will be added as it becomes available.

The Executive Director of the AVCC, Stuart Hamilton, said that the agreement was a fantastic opportunity for universities to deliver ABS data to support academic and teaching purposes.

Non-university clients can also access AusStats. For further information see the ABS web site (select Products & Services/AusStats).

3 Life expectancy of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population

New draft life tables suggest that life expectancy of Indigenous people may be less in the eastern States than in South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Comments are welcome on ABS Demography Working Paper 2000/2 : Draft Experimental Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Abridged Life Tables, Australia and States/Territories, 1995-97. The paper can be accessed on the ABS web site at and select Themes/Demography/ABS Demography Working Papers.

4 Population Projections

The next issue of Population Projections, Australia 1999-2101 (Cat. No. 3222.0) is due for release on 17 August. For the first time, ABS's Australian population projections will be taken out to 2101 to enable the implications of current population trends to be fully appreciated. Projections for capital cities, balance of States and States are taken out to 2051.

5 Where people with low socio-economic status live

The majority of people who live in areas of low socio-economic status (56%) live in major urban centres (urban centres with populations of 100,000 or more). However, populations living in areas of low socio-economic status are over-represented in other urban areas (urban centres of between 1,000 and 99,999 people) and rural localities (places with 200 to 999 people). Approximately 26% of the Australian population live in other urban areas and rural localities yet they make up 39% of those living in the most disadvantaged areas. Socio-economic disadvantage is also over-represented in remote and very remote areas. Approximately 2.4% of Australia's population live in remote or very remote areas, yet they make up 4.2% of those living in the most socio-economically disadvantaged areas.

For more information see Australian Social Trends 2000 (Cat. no. 4102.0) released on 4 July.

6 What the ABS Demography Program produces

The demography component produces estimates of the total population by age, sex, country of birth, registered marital status and geographical distribution, estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population and estimates of families and households. Statistics are also regularly produced on births, deaths, marriages, divorces, overseas arrivals and departures, and internal migration. Projections of the population, families and households according to specified demographic assumptions are published on a regular basis and produced for individual clients. In addition to reporting on these statistics, courses on understanding demographic data are conducted and an email newsletter is sent to major clients.

7 Key contacts

If you seeking demography or any other ABS data, you can:

To subscribe to publications on a regular basis, please call 1300 366 323.

To order particular ABS publication(s), please call (02) 6252 5249.

If you wish to discuss issues and/or data, contacts are as outlined below.

Demographic issues 6252 6573 6252 7612
Migration - international and 6252 6522
Marriages and divorces- 6252 7030
Marriages and divorces - 6252 6296
Households and 6252 6141
Indigenous - 8943 2141
Indigenous - estimates and 6252 7083
General or 6252 6557

Demographic data
Population estimates - 6252 6420
Population estimates - 8237 7370
Population 6252 5580
Indigenous population estimates and 6252 7083
Household 6252 6027
Household and family 6252 6141
Service population 9360 5935
Births, deaths, marriages and 3222 6047
Overseas arrivals and 6252 5640
General or 6252 6639

Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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