# Australian Bureau of Statistics

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 Education Services

 Steps In Running A Survey

Step 1: Planning a survey

Step 2: Collecting data

 Once you have decided on your question, how many people will be in your sample, and randomly selected them, you will need to consider how to collect the data. Will it be through an interview or will you collect written responses? The data you collect will also need to be in a form that is easily organised in order to analyse it. For example, you need consistency in units and fractional answers so request that the data be recorded to the nearest centimetre or half centimetre. Interview In an interview, a participant can ask questions if they haven’t understood something. Written response Written responses can be completed by many participants at the same time and are quicker than interviews. Variables A variable is any measurable characteristic or attribute that can have different values for different subjects – for example, eye colour, distance from school etc. Characteristic is another way of saying variable. For example, height, age or country of birth are all characteristics or variables of people.

Step 3: Organising data
Step 4: Displaying information
Step 5: Analysing the data