Australian Bureau of Statistics

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Indigenous Statistics for Schools


Labour Force

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Persons aged 15 years and over who indicate in the Census they are employed are asked a number of questions about their job, including their occupation, type of industry they work in and the number of hours they work.

People who are not employed are asked if they are looking for work and available to start work. If they are, then they are considered to be unemployed. If a person is not employed and not looking for work, they are 'not in the labour force'. Those not in the labour force include for example, people who are retired and those involved solely in home duties.

The monthly Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the main source of information about the labour force of Australia's civilian population but this survey includes only a small number of Indigenous people. Therefore there is very limited data about the labour characteristics of the Indigenous population that can be extracted from the LFS.

Census 2006 is the main source of small area data on the labour force characteristics of Indigenous people.
    Further information: See 2006 Census of Population and Housing, Community Profiles Series: Australia, Indigenous Profile and Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods, April, 2007 (cat. no. 6102.0.55.001)

    Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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