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Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation
 
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    NAME OF ORGANISATION
    Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)

    OVERVIEW

The Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation survey collects information about people aged 18 years and over who are either not employed or work very few hours (0–15 hours). The data collected provides information on the potential labour force and the characteristics of that potential labour force. Data from this survey are used to obtain a better understanding of the factors that influence people to join or leave the labour force. By knowing the barriers to joining the labour force or taking up (more) employment a range of incentives to labour force participation can be indirectly identified.

    PURPOSE
Data from the survey are relevant to a wide range of policies and programs, including trends in factors that influence people to join or leave the labour force, characteristics of potential labour force, income (personal and household), educational attainment and working hours. Information on barriers and incentives of work will be used to facilitate a better understanding of these issues and to support decision making and policy development in this area.

    SCOPE

    This survey is conducted as part of the Monthly Population Survey, which comprises the Labour Force Survey and, in most months, a supplementary survey topic.

    SCOPE -- Labour Force Survey

    The Labour Force Survey includes all usual residents of Australia aged 15 and over except:

    • members of the permanent defence forces;
    • certain diplomatic personnel of overseas governments, customarily excluded from census and estimated populations;
    • overseas residents in Australia; and
    • members of non-Australian defence forces (and their dependants) stationed in Australia.

    From July 1993 Jervis Bay Territory is also excluded from the scope of the survey. Before July 1993 it was included in estimates for the Australian Capital Territory.

    SCOPE - MPHS

    In addition to those already excluded from the Labour Force Survey, the following persons are excluded from MPHS:

    • persons living in private dwellings in very remote part of Australia;
    • people under the age of 18 years
    • people living in non-private dwellings such as hotels, university residences, students at boarding school pupils, patients in hospitals, residents of homes (eg retirement homes, homes for people with disabilities), and inmates of prisons
    • visitors to private dwellings.

    COVERAGE - Labour Force Survey

    Coverage rules are applied to ensure that each person is associated with only one dwelling, and hence has only one chance of selection. The chance of a person being enumerated at two separate dwellings in the one survey is considered to be negligible. Persons who are away from their usual residence for six weeks or less at the time of interview are enumerated at their usual residence (relevant information may be obtained from other usual residents present at the time of the survey).



    DATA DETAIL

    Conceptual framework

      Data from the survey relate to people aged 18 years and over. The main populations of interest are people who are not employed (i.e. either unemployed or not in the labour force), and people who usually work 15 hours a week or less in all jobs. People who are not employed or who work few hours (15 hours a week or less in all jobs) during the week prior to interview, are asked about all factors that influence them to join or leave the labour force.

    Main outputs

    Data from the survey are published in Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation, Australia (cat. no. 6239.0). An expanded Confidentialised Unit Record File (CURF) will be made available from the 2004–05 MPHS via the Remote Access Data Laboratory (RADL). Other estimates are available on request.

    22.1.5 Data from the survey relate to people aged 18 years and over. The main populations of interest are people who are not employed (i.e. either unemployed or not in the labour force), and people who usually work 15 hours a week or less in all jobs. Estimates are produced on an original basis only (i.e. not seasonally adjusted) and include:
      Socio-demographic information
    Sex, age, marital status, relationship in household, whether household has children aged under 15 years, state or territory of usual residence, country of birth and period of arrival in Australia, education (e.g. level of highest non school qualifications) and income (e.g. weekly gross income, sources of income, partner's income and household income).
      People who usually work 0-15 hours per week in all jobs
    Hours usually worked in all jobs, status in employment (i.e. employee, employer, own account worker or contributing family worker), full time or part-time status, details of current main job (e.g. hours usually worked, occupation, industry, duration), time since last full-time job, details of last full-time job, reason for ceasing last full-time job, unpaid activities when not working, whether prefers to work more hours than usually works, preferred number of hours, all reasons for not wanting to work more hours, whether looking for more hours, whether looking for part-time or full-time work, all reasons for not looking for more hours, main reason for not looking for more hours, main reason not available for more hours and difficulties finding more hours.
      Unemployed people
    Duration of current period of unemployment, unpaid activities, difficulties finding work, whether has ever worked and previous job details (e.g. whether has ever had a full-time job, whether previous work was full-time or part-time, time since last job, employment type of last job, occupation and industry of last job, reason for ceasing last job).
      People who aren't in the labour force
    Whether would like a paid job, whether would prefer to work full-time or part-time, preferred length/tenure of job, whether would accept a short-term/temporary job, whether available to start work in the reference week, time until available to start work, main reason not available to start work, main child-care reason not available to start work, all reasons for not wanting to work, whether looking for work and difficulties finding work.

    Classifications

    Demographics: State, Area, Region, Sex, Marital Status, Relationship in Household, Period of Arrival and Age

    Country of Birth: The Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC)

    Occupation: Australian Standard Classification of Occupations Second Edition (ASCO SE)

    Industry: Australia and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC)

    Education: Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED)

    Other concepts (summary)
    Descriptions of the underlying concepts and structure of Australia's labour force statistics, and the sources and methods used in compiling these estimates, are presented in Labour statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 6102.0.66.001)

    GEOGRAPHIC DETAIL
    Australia
    New South Wales
    Victoria
    Queensland
    South Australia
    Western Australia
    Tasmania
    Northern Territory
    ACT
    Part of State Metropolitan
    Part of State Extra-Metropolitan

    Comments and/or Other Regions
    Very remote areas

    COLLECTION FREQUENCY
    2 Yearly

    Frequency comments


    COLLECTION HISTORY

The Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation topic was first conducted in 2004-05 (run from August 2004 to June 2005) as part of the Multi-Purpose Household Survey (MPHS) which is a supplement to the monthly Labour Force Survey. This topic will be included in the MPHS every two years. Future MPHS' will run over the full financial year.

Data from the survey are published in Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation, Australia (cat. no. 6239.0).

    DATA AVAILABILITY
    Yes

    Data availability comments


Publication Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation, Australia (ABS cat. no. 6239.0).


    DATE OF LAST UPDATE FOR THIS DOCUMENT
    05/06/2007 09:47 AM


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