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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/01/2006   
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Contents >> Chapter 14 - Agriculture >> Meat production and slaughterings

MEAT PRODUCTION AND SLAUGHTERINGS

Tables 14.40 and 14.41 show details of slaughtering and meat production from abattoirs, and from commercial poultry and other slaughtering establishments. They include estimates of animals slaughtered on farms and by country butchers. The data relate only to slaughtering for human consumption and do not include animals condemned or those killed for boiling down.

Production of beef for 2004-05 increased by 7% to 2,133,000 tonnes.

Changing patterns in both consumer demand, and sheep and lamb supply have seen production of lamb meat exceed production of mutton for each of the past six years. In 2004-05 mutton production increased by 8% to 237,000 tonnes and lamb production increased by 4% to 354,000 tonnes.

Significant changes have taken place in the pig meat producing industry in recent years. Capital investment and corporate takeovers have seen the emergence of a few large companies producing a significant proportion of all pig meat sold in Australia. These moves, and the trend to more intensive and efficient production techniques, have seen pig meat production rise steadily since the mid-1970s when production dipped to a low of 174,000 tonnes. In 2004-05 pig meat production decreased 4% to 388,000 tonnes.

14.40 PRODUCTION OF MEAT

Carcass weight
Dressed weight


Beef
Veal
Mutton
Lamb
Pig meat
Total
red meat
Chicken
meat(a)
Total
poultry(a)(b)
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes

1999-2000
1,952
36
333
347
363
3,031
598
638
2000-01
2,086
33
348
367
365
3,200
619
657
2001-02
1,996
31
296
348
396
3,067
667
705
2002-03
2,035
38
268
329
420
3,090
690
726
2003-04
1,998
35
220
341
406
3,000
694
721
2004-05
2,133
29
237
354
388
3,142
750
791

(a) Excludes NT and Tas.
(b) Includes other fowls, turkeys, ducks and drakes.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


14.41 LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY SLAUGHTERED FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION

Cattle
Calves
Sheep
Lambs
Pigs
Chickens(a)
Other fowls(b)
and turkeys
Ducks
and drakes
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head

1999-2000
7.5
1.1
15.9
17.6
5.0
394.0
9.5
4.1
2000-01
7.9
1.0
16.6
18.6
5.0
398.9
8.4
4.0
2001-02
7.6
1.0
14.4
17.4
5.4
415.6
8.6
4.0
2002-03
8.1
1.1
13.7
16.9
5.7
419.2
9.2
4.1
2003-04
7.8
1.0
10.4
16.6
5.6
423.7
9.6
4.5
2004-05
8.0
0.9
11.4
17.3
5.3
437.6
10.2
4.7

(a) Excludes NT and Tas.
(b) Comprises hens, roosters, etc.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


Table 14.42 shows the gross value of livestock slaughterings over recent years. Following five years of increases, the value of slaughterings and other disposals decreased by 7% in 2002-03 before increasing in 2003-04 by 2%.

14.42 GROSS VALUE OF LIVESTOCK SLAUGHTERINGS AND OTHER DISPOSALS

Cattle and calves
Sheep and lambs(a)
Pigs
Poultry
Total(b)
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

1998-99
4,476.6
1,053.5
689.7
1,018.5
7,255.8
1999-2000
5,048.7
1,053.5
791.7
1,030.8
7,944.2
2000-01
6,430.6
1,401.8
822.3
1,060.2
9,737.8
2001-02
7,142.4
2,117.6
967.7
1,174.9
11,434.5
2002-03
6,411.1
2,036.9
911.3
1,280.5
10,676.0
2003-04
6,658.8
2,038.8
878.9
1,280.8
10,896.0

(a) Excludes the value of wool on skins.
(b) Includes value of other livestock.

Source: Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia (7503.0).


The largest customers for Australian beef in recent years have been the United States of America, Japan and the Republic of (South) Korea. In 2004-05 Japan was the main customer for Australian beef with 438,500 tonnes purchased, 32% more than the previous year's shipment. The United States of America was Australia's second largest customer with 369,400 tonnes purchased, up 1% on the previous year. The Republic of (South) Korea was the third largest importer of Australian beef, purchasing 111,500 tonnes.

Table 14.43 shows the volume of exports of fresh, chilled or frozen meat. In 2004-05, beef was again Australia's major meat export with shipments of bone-out beef being the major component at 960,000 tonnes, 13% more than the previous year and surpassing the previous record of 939,500 set in 2000-01. Exports of bone-in mutton in 2004-05 increased by 18% to 102,200 tonnes, halting a three-year downward trend. Bone-in lamb exports increased 6% over the previous year to a record high level of 106,800 tonnes.

14.43 EXPORTS OF FRESH, CHILLED OR FROZEN MEAT

Beef
Veal(a)
Mutton
Lamb
Pork





Bone-in
Bone-out
Bone-in
Bone-out
Bone-in
Bone-out
Bone-in
Bone-out
Meat
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
'000 tonnes
’000 tonnes

1999-2000
44.0
818.4
1.6
7.4
120.9
55.5
86.6
11.1
39.2
2000-01
39.9
939.5
2.1
6.4
127.8
63.8
103.7
12.3
43.9
2001-02
34.1
892.3
2.4
7.1
113.9
52.1
104.6
13.8
59.0
2002-03
37.5
894.4
3.6
6.5
109.3
52.3
87.9
14.1
62.9
2003-04
32.1
852.4
2.9
6.3
86.5
42.7
100.5
18.3
50.7
2004-05
44.7
960.0
3.3
6.5
102.2
41.8
106.8
21.7
43.6

(a) Includes buffalo meat.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


Table 14.44 shows the number, gross weight, gross value and unit value of live sheep and cattle exported for slaughter. The number of live sheep exported for slaughter in 2004-05 decreased, for the third year in succession, by 16% to 3,233,200 head which is the lowest level in over a decade. The number of live cattle exported for slaughter in 2004-05 fell 1% to 574,300 head, the lowest level since 1994-95.


The number of live, pure-bred breeding sheep exported increased from 1,700 in 2003-04 to 3,200 in 2004-05. During the same period the number of live, pure bred breeding cattle exported decreased from 100,400 head in 2003-04 to 49,900 head in 2004-05.

14.44 LIVE SHEEP AND CATTLE EXPORTS(a)
Live sheep exports
Live cattle exports


Number
Gross weight
Gross value
Unit value
Number
Gross weight
Gross value
Unit value
’000
’000 tonnes
$’000
$
’000
’000 tonnes
$’000
$

1999-2000
4,858.6
243.3
180,345
37.12
845.7
317.1
432,645
511.60
2000-01
5,936.0
283.6
257,661
43.41
845.8
314.3
481,827
569.66
2001-02
6,443.2
318.0
391,705
60.79
797.0
293.5
525,535
659.41
2002-03
5,843.2
273.0
408,235
69.87
976.6
362.5
569,288
582.95
2003-04
3,842.7
188.2
266,457
69.34
581.5
192.0
317,850
546.65
2004-05
3,233.2
166.1
206,678
63.92
574.3
191.5
374,395
651.92

(a) Number of live animals exported, other than pure bred breeding animals.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


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