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POPULATION, Northern Territory
COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE - NT
Natural increase contributed 2,800 people to the population in 2002 and was the largest component of population growth in the Northern Territory. Net overseas migration added a further 370, while the net outflow due to interstate migration was 3,100 people. The above graph shows the contribution of the three components of change in the total population for the Northern Territory over the past six years.
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS
There were 3,700 live births registered to mothers usually resident in the Northern Territory in 2002. The crude birth rate was 18.7 births per 1,000 population, down from 19.3 in 2001 but still significantly higher than the national rate of 12.8. There were 1,900 male births and 1,800 female births registered in 2002, giving a sex ratio of 106.3 males per 100 females within the Northern Territory.
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS(a), Northern Territory
AGE-SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATES(a), Selected age groups - NT
(a) Per 1,000 females
In 2002 the total fertility rate (TFR), which represents the number of children a female would bear during her reproductive lifetime based on current age-specific fertility rates, was 2.3, the highest fertility rate of all states and territories and above the national rate of 1.8. The median age of parents in the Northern Territory was 28.1 (mothers) and 31.6 (fathers) both below the national median of 30.2 and 32.5 years respectively.
In 2002 there were 910 registered deaths of persons usually resident in the Northern Territory. The 2002 total comprised 560 males and 350 females, a sex ratio of 161.0 male deaths per 100 female deaths. The sex ratio for the Northern Territory was again the highest of any state or the ACT. The national sex ratio was 106.3 in 2002.
There were 40 infant deaths in the Northern Territory in 2002 with a sex ratio of 121.0 male infant deaths to 100 female infant deaths. This compared with the sex ratio at birth of 106.3. The infant mortality rate (IMR) increased from 10.7 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2001 to 11.3 in 2002 and remained significantly higher than the national rate of 5.0.
DEATHS(a), Northern Territory
STANDARDISED DEATH RATE(a)
(a) Per 1,000 population
The crude death rate for 2002 was 4.6 deaths per 1,000 of total population, the same rate that applied in 1992. After standardisation for age, the death rate increased to 9.0 deaths per 1,000 of total population in 2002 which was above the national rate of 6.7. The standardised death rate (SDR) for males in the Northern Territory was 10.6 per 1,000 population compared with 7.4 for females. Nationally, the SDR for males was 8.2 and 5.5 for females.
In 2002 the median age at death in the Northern Territory was 55.9 years for males and 55.8 years for females which was significantly lower than the national median age at death of 76.2 years for males and 82.2 years for females. In the Northern Territory in 2002, male age-specific death rates exceeded female age-specific death rates for all age groups except 1-4 years and 5-14 years. The male infant death rate fell from 16.2 in 2001 to 11.9 in 2002, while the female infant death rate increased from 6.3 in 2001 to 11.1 in 2002.
In 2002 the leading causes of death for males and females both within the Northern Territory and nationally were Malignant neoplasms (cancer) and Heart diseases.
In 2002 overseas migration was a positive component of population growth with more people choosing to settle in the Northern Territory from an overseas country than leaving the Northern Territory for overseas. This resulted in a net overseas migration gain of 370 people.
MIGRATION, Northern Territory
NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION - NT
The Northern Territory experienced a further loss from net interstate migration during 2002 with 3,100 more people leaving for other states and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) than arriving to settle in the NT. Throughout 2002 the largest net loss of interstate migrants was to Queensland (2,000).
There were 750 marriages registered in the Northern Territory in 2002, a decrease of 4% compared with 2001. The crude marriage rate was 3.8 marriages per 1,000 population, remaining well below the national rate of 5.4. Between 2001 and 2002 the median age for males and females marrying for the first time increased from 29.5 years to 29.9 years and decreased from 27.9 years to 27.7 years respectively. These median ages at first marriage in 2002 were higher than the national ages of 29.0 years for males and 27.1 for females.
MARRIAGES, Northern Territory
(b) Includes all marriages
Data for divorces granted during 2002 are not yet available.
DIVORCES, Northern Territory
THE ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER POPULATION
The following includes information on births and deaths in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population (Indigenous population) usually resident in the Northern Territory. Care needs to be taken when interpreting year-to-year movements in these data due to the relatively small numbers and possible under-recording of Indigenous status in birth and death registrations. No data on the Indigenous population are available for marriages and divorces.
At 30 June 2001 the experimental estimated resident Indigenous population was 56,900. The Indigenous population comprised 29% of the total population of the NT, the highest proportion of any state or territory.
Indigenous births are defined as births in which one or both parents identified as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin. In 2002 there were 1,500 Indigenous births in the Northern Territory. These births comprised 41% of all NT births, and represented the highest Indigenous fertility rate (2.77) within Australia. Of the states and territories, Indigenous mothers living in the Northern Territory had the lowest median age (23.7 years).
Of the 910 deaths registered in the Northern Territory in 2002, 460 (51%) were Indigenous deaths. There were 260 male and 200 female deaths registered, giving a sex ratio of 129.8 males for every 100 female deaths. This compares with a sex ratio of 161.0 for all deaths in the Northern Territory and 106.3 nationally. In 2002 the median age at death was 47.1 years for Indigenous males and 50.0 years for Indigenous females. These ages were considerably lower than the median age at death for the non-Indigenous Northern Territory population of 63.0 years for males (a 16 year difference) and 70.5 years for females (a 20 year difference). In 2002 there were 20 Indigenous infant deaths which comprised 57% of the total infant deaths recorded in the Northern Territory.
3101.0 Australian Demographic Statistics
3201.0 Population by Age and Sex, State and Territories
3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia and New Zealand
3222.0 Population Projections, Australia
3230.0 Experimental Estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Population
3231.0 Experimental Projections of the Indigenous Population
3236.0 Household and Family Projections, Australia
3301.0 Births, Australia
3302.0 Deaths, Australia
3303.0 Causes of Death, Australia
3412.0 Migration, Australia
3105.0.65.001 Australian Historical Population Statistics
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