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3311.3.55.001 - Demography, Queensland, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 05/05/2004   
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OVERVIEW

This page replaces the previous hard copy publication, and shows 2002 details for Queensland.

Inquiries

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Peter Burke on (07) 3222 6069 or peter.burke@abs.gov.au.


SUMMARY

As at 31 December 2002 Queensland with a population of 3,754,200 persons accounted for 19% of the Australian population. Queensland had the highest rate of population growth of all states and territories during 2002.

Queensland's crude birth, marriage and divorce rates were higher than the national average while the crude death rate was lower than the national average.

POPULATION

The estimated resident population of Queensland at 31 December 2002 was 3,754,200 persons, consisting of 1,872,400 males and 1,881,800 females.

Between 2001 and 2002, Queensland's population grew at a rate of 2.3%, the highest rate of growth for all states and territories and above the Australian average of 1.2%.

The population increase during 2002 was 85,300 persons and was composed of net interstate migration of 38,700 persons, net overseas migration of 23,300 persons and a natural increase of 23,300 persons.

Persons aged under 15 years comprised 21% of the Queensland population at 30 June 2002 compared with 23% in 1992. Over this ten-year period, the proportion of persons aged 65 years and over has increased from 11% to 12% and for those aged 85 years and over from 0.9% to 1.3%.

COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE, Queensland

GRAPH - Components of population growth

POPULATION, Queensland

1992
2001
2002

Estimated resident population('000)
3,067.3
3,668.8
3,754.2

Components of population change(a)
Natural increase(b)no.
25,932
25,117
23,324
Net overseas migration(c)no.
6,284
27,523
23,326
Net interstate migrationno.
40,424
23,253
38,656
Total increase(d)no.
73,503
76,405
85,306

Annual growth rate

%

2.5

2.1

2.3

Estimated resident households(e)

('000)

1,084.9

1,405.8

np


np - not for publication as data are under review.
(a) During previous year.
(b) Births and deaths figures used to compile natural increase for population estimates are based on year of occurrence and may differ from births and deaths data based on year of registration displayed in the Births and Confinements table and the Deaths table below.
(c) Until 1997 net overseas migration data for Jervis Bay, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Island were randomly allocated to the states and territories. For these years the sum of the components may therefore not equal net overseas migration.
(d) Includes intercensal discrepancy not accounted for by natural increase and net migration.
(e) Figures are based on 1996 census.


BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS

In 2002, there were 46,934 confinements resulting in 47,771 live births registered to mothers usually resident in Queensland. There were 24,454 male births and 23,317 female births, giving a sex ratio of 104.9 males per 100 females. Queensland's crude birth rate of 12.9 births per 1,000 population was slightly higher than the rate for Australia as a whole (12.8).

The total fertility rate (the average number of babies a female would bear during her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates) was 1.77 babies per woman in 2002.
TOTAL FERTILITY RATES
Graph - Total Fertility Rates Qld and Australia 1992 - 2002
(a) Number of babies per woman

The median age of Queensland mothers for all confinements was 29.5 years compared with 30.2 years for all Australia.

Exnuptial confinements represented 37% of all confinements registered in Queensland in 2002, a substantially greater proportion than the 28% of all confinements registered as exnuptial in 1992.

In 2002, there were 817 sets of twins and higher order births registered, which means one in every 57 confinements resulted in a multiple birth in Queensland. This is an increase in multiple births from 1992 where one in every 75 confinements resulted in a multiple birth.

BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS(a), Queensland

1992
2001
2002

Live births
Numberno.
46,240
47,678
47,771
Crude birth raterate
15.3
13.1
12.9
Total fertility raterate
1.929
1.798
1.773
Net reproduction raterate
0.927
0.867
0.853

All confinements
Numberno.
45,618
46,940
46,934
Median age of motheryears
28.2
29.3
29.5

Nuptial confinements
Numberno.
32,863
30,248
29,680
Median age of motheryears
29.2
30.6
30.8
Median age of fatheryears
31.6
32.6
32.8

First nuptial confinements
Numberno.
13,169
12,421
12,044
Median age of motheryears
27.7
29.5
29.7

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.


DEATHS

In 2002, there were 23,968 registered deaths of persons usually resident in Queensland, comprising 12,576 males and 11,392 females. This was an increase of 5% on the number registered in 2001 and an increase of 17% from 1992, when there were 20,496 deaths. The standardised death rates have fallen from 8.3 deaths per 1,000 population in 1992 to 6.8 deaths per 1,000 population in 2002.

Queensland's leading causes of death in 2002 continued to be Malignant neoplasms (cancer) and Ischaemic heart diseases, together accounting for nearly 50% of all deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) were also a major cause totalling 2,290 deaths (9.6%), and suicide accounted for 537 deaths (2.2%).

SELECTED CAUSES OF DEATH, Queensland 2002
Graph - Selected causes of death  as a proportion of all deaths QLD 2002

In 2002 the median age at death continued to rise, and in Queensland was 75.6 years for males and 81.9 years for females, which is slightly lower than the Australian median ages at death of 76.2 years and 82.2 years respectively.

There were 277 infant deaths registered in 2002, a 1.8% decrease on the 282 infant deaths registered in 2001. The infant mortality rate for 2002 was 5.8 per 1,000 live births, which is substantially lower than the 1992 rate of 7.9 per 1,000 live births.

Life expectancy at birth continues to increase, a male child born in 2002 in Queensland has a life expectancy of 77.2 years and a female child 82.4 years.

DEATHS(a), Queensland

1992
2001
2002

Numberno.
20,496
22,856
23,968
Crude death raterate
6.8
6.3
6.5
Standardised death raterate
8.3
6.7
6.8

Median age at death
Malesyears
72.1
74.7
75.6
Femalesyears
78.7
81.4
81.9

Infant deaths
Numberno.
365
282
277
Infant mortality raterate
7.9
5.9
5.8

Life expectancy at birth
Malesyears
74.4
76.9
77.2
Femalesyears
80.2
82.3
82.4

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.


MIGRATION

In 2002, 45% of Queensland's population growth was from interstate migration. This net gain of 38,700 was the result of 119,600 arrivals and 80,900 departures. This was an increase of 66% over the preceding year (23,300 persons), but falls short of the 1992 gain of 40,400 persons.

Net overseas migration during 2002 contributed 27% of Queensland's population growth.

The net population gain from migration, combining both overseas and interstate migration, was 62,000 persons in 2002.

MIGRATION, Queensland

1992
2001
2002

Overseas migration
Permanent and long-term movement(a)
Arrivalsno.
31,168
59,732
62,708
Departures no.
21,261
35,214
36,804
Net Overseas Migration(b)no.
6,284
27,523
23,326

Interstate migration
Arrivalsno.
111,713
102,325
119,562
Departuresno.
71,289
79,072
80,906
Net Interstate Migrationno.
40,424
23,253
38,656


(a) Based on stated intention on arrival or departure.
(b) Includes migration adjustment. Please refer to the Explanatory Notes for further details.


MARRIAGES

There were 21,264 marriages registered in Queensland in 2002. This represents an increase of 4.7% on both the number of marriages in 1992 and 2001, but a 6.9% decrease in the number of marriages registered in 2000.

In 2002, the crude marriage rate for Queensland was 5.7 marriages per 1,000 population. This was the highest crude marriage rate recorded in all states and territories, and was higher than the national average rate of 5.4. The crude marriage rate has decreased 15% between 1992 and 2002.
CRUDE MARRIAGE RATES

GRAPH - Crude Marriage Rates, QLD and Australia 1992-2002
(a) Per 1,000 population

The median age at marriage in Queensland was 31.1 years for males and 29.0 years for females. The difference of two years between the median age of partners has remained stable over the past decade.

The increasing preference for civil marriage ceremonies over religious marriage ceremonies continued in 2002. Civil celebrants performed 60% of all marriages in Queensland, while ministers of religion performed the remaining 40%. This compares with civil celebrants performing 57% of marriages in 2001 and 43% in 1992.

MARRIAGES, Queensland

1992
2001
2002

Number registeredno.
20,316
20,314
21,264
Crude marriage raterate
6.7
5.6
5.7

Median age at marriage
Bridegroomyears
28.4
30.6
31.1
Brideyears
25.9
28.6
29.0



DIVORCES

In 2001, the most recent data currently available, 12,085 divorces were granted in Queensland. This represents a 20% increase over the number of divorces granted in 2000, and a 35% increase since 1992.

The crude divorce rate in Queensland in 2001 was 3.3 divorces per 1,000 population. This rate was the highest of all states and territories and above the national rate of 2.9 divorces per 1,000 population. Apart from a decline in the crude divorce rate in 2000, this figure has remained relatively stable over the past 10 years.

In Queensland, the median interval between marriage and divorce was 11.8 years in 2001. This figure continues the gradual increase over the past decade in the median interval between marriage and divorce, with an interval of 11.0 years recorded in 1992.

Over half (55%) of divorces registered in Queensland in 2001 involved at least one child under the age of 18 years. Children aged 5-9 years were the most common age group, accounting for 37% of children involved in divorce. This proportion has been relatively stable over the past 10 years.

DIVORCES, Queensland

1992
2001
2002

Number grantedno.
8,984
12,085
nya
Crude divorce raterate
3.0
3.3
nya

Median duration of marriage

years

11.0

11.8

nya

Median interval between marriage and final separation

years

7.9

8.3

nya

nya - not yet available


RELATED LINKS

3101.0 Australian Demographic Statistics
3201.0 Population by Age and Sex, State and Territories
3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia and New Zealand
3222.0 Population Projections, Australia
3230.0 Experimental Estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Population
3231.0 Experimental Projections of the Indigenous Population
3236.0 Household and Family Projections, Australia
3301.0 Births, Australia
3302.0 Deaths, Australia
3303.0 Causes of Death, Australia
3412.0 Migration, Australia
3105.0.65.001 Australian Historical Population Statistics

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