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8155.0 - Australian Industry, 2007-08 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/05/2009   
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Contents >> Industry performance >> Industry analysis

INDUSTRY ANALYSIS

An analysis of performance by industry follows.


Agriculture, forestry and fishing

In 2007-08, Agriculture, forestry and fishing contributed 2.7% to total income, 2.7% to total expenses and 2.5% to industry value added for Total selected industries.

Agriculture, forestry and fishing is the industry where large businesses make the least contribution to wages and salaries (7.7%) and to total income (5.1%) in 2007-08. By contrast, the contributions of small businesses to these two aggregates were 66.8% and 79.2% respectively, the highest for each variable for any of the industries shown.


Mining

Depreciation and amortisation is a significant element of the cost structure of Mining, representing 13.3% of its total expenses in 2007-08, the highest proportion (together with Information media and telecommuncations) of any selected industry.

In 2007-08, Mining had the second highest capital expenditure ($30.1b), after Rental, hiring and real estate services ($34.7b), of all the selected industries.


Manufacturing

Manufacturing accounted for 16.5% of total income, 17.2% of sales and service income, 13.9% of wages and salaries and 13.6% of IVA for Total selected industries in 2007-08. It was the largest contributor to total income, wages and salaries and to IVA.


Electricity, gas, water and waste services

Large businesses in Electricity, gas, water and waste services dominate IVA, total income, OPBT and wages and salaries, contributing over 70% in all cases in 2007-08.

Capital work done by businesses for their own use accounted for 34.5% of this industry's capital expenditure, the highest proportion of any selected industry (the proportion is 7.4% overall).


Wholesale trade

Wholesale trade accounted for 16.5% of total income for Total selected industries in 2007-08, the second largest contributor after Manufacturing.

At 8.4%, the proportion of selected labour costs to total expenses in Wholesale trade in 2007-08 was the lowest of all industries shown. The proportion for Total selected industries was 19.5%.


Retail trade

With $311.2b of total income, Retail trade recorded the third largest total income of Total selected industries, after Manufacturing and Wholesale trade. Retail trade was the largest employing industry (1.3m).


Transport, postal and warehousing

Transport, postal and warehousing accounted for 13.3% of GFCF for Total selected industries in 2007-08, and was the second largest contributor after Mining.

Funding from government for operational costs represented 4.3% of total income for Transport, postal and warehousing, reflecting payments to passenger transport operators.


Information media and telecommunications

Around a third (28.9%) of the value of capital expenditure in Information media and telecommunications consisted of capital work done for own use, the second highest proportion of any industry shown.

Depreciation and amortisation is a significant element of the cost structure of Information media and telecommunications, representing 13.2% of its total expenses in 2007-08, the second highest proportion, after Mining, of Total selected industries.

Large businesses in Information media and telecommunications dominate IVA, total income, OPBT and wages and salaries, contributing over 70% in all cases in 2007-08. In terms of OPBT and IVA this industry is the most heavily dominated by large businesses (89.5% and 82.3% respectively).


Rental, hiring and real estate services

Rental, hiring and real estate services has the highest capital expenditure of any industry at $34.7b, which is 15.6% of Total selected industries. At 44.1%, it also has the highest profit margin of any industry.

Rental, hiring and real estate services has 14.6% of its total expenses represented by interest expenses, which is the highest proportion of any of the industries shown (the proportion is 2.7% overall).


Professional, scientific and technical services

Professional, scientific and technical services was the fifth largest industry when measured by total income, after Manufacturing, Wholesale trade, Retail trade and Construction.

It is the second largest contributor to IVA after Manufacturing.

Professional, scientific and technical services has 13.7% of selected labour costs for Total selected industries, the second highest proportion after Manufacturing (13.9%).


Education and training (private)

Selected labour costs represented 60.3% of total expenses for the Education and training (private) in 2007-08. As well, the $7.2b received as funding from government for operational costs amounted to 33.7% of this industry's total income. Both proportions are the highest of any industry shown.


Health care and social assistance (private)

The cost structure of Health care and social assistance (private) is distinctive in that selected labour costs and cost of sales are quite similar, constituting respectively 49.6% and 44.0% of total expenses for 2007-08.

Of the industries included in these statistics, Health care and social assistance (private) is by far the largest recipient of funding from government for operational costs. In 2007-08 it received $15.2b, or 36.6% of all such funding paid to Total selected industries. This funding represented 20.7% of the total income of the industry.


Arts and recreational services

Arts and recreational services is the third smallest industry, measured by total income, of the selected industries. Its total income of $26.2b is 1.1% of Total selected industries.


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