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4172.0 - Arts and Culture in Australia: A Statistical Overview, 2008 (Second Edition)  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 22/10/2008   
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Contents >> Cultural Trade >> TRADE IN SERVICES

TRADE IN SERVICES

The previous section provided information on trade in cultural goods (i.e. movable goods that cross Australia's customs frontier). While this is a major part of Australia's cultural trade with other countries, trade in services also contributes to Australia's trade in culture and recreation.

The term ‘credits’ is used to refer to services rendered by Australians to the rest of the world and the term ‘debits’ to describe services provided by the rest of the world to Australians.

Most of Australia’s trade in services relates to international transport, travel, education and business services. Trade in cultural services (including music royalties) is relatively small in value and therefore parts of it have been combined with recreational services and health and medical services in the collection and output of data. Trade in this broader category (referred to as cultural and recreational services in the remainder of this chapter), rather than just cultural services, is discussed here.

Australia earned $298m from cultural and recreational services in 2006-07, approximately 0.6% of its total earnings from services in that year. This figure has remained relatively constant over recent years, with the exception of 2000-01 when the inclusion of television rights to the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games boosted it to approximately 5%.

Australia paid $1,221m to other countries for cultural and recreational services in 2006-07, with Audiovisual and related services accounting for 75% of that total and music royalties a further 17%. This represented 3% of all Australia's total payments for services in that year.

7.7 TRADE IN CULTURAL AND RECREATIONAL SERVICES - 2000-01 to 2006-07

2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Service Credits (earnings)
Audiovisual and related services
(a)1 460
127
211
205
149
214
169
Music Royalties
74
58
70
42
48
41
52
Other cultural and recreational services(b)
109
159
146
110
63
115
77
Total services provided
1 643
344
427
357
260
370
298
Service Debits (payments)
Audiovisual and related services
674
777
732
776
867
869
918
Music Royalties
262
266
244
209
255
213
209
Other cultural and recreational services(b)
97
93
r120
130
r183
122
94
Total services provided
1 033
1 136
1 096
1 115
1 305
1 204
1 221

r revised
(a) Includes $1,025m associated with the broadcast rights for the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
(b) Includes health and medical services.
Source: ABS, International Trade in Services by Country, by State and by Detailed Services Category, 2006-07 (cat. no. 5368.0.55.003).


For Audiovisual and related services, Australia's largest earnings came from the sale of television programs. In 2006-07, television program sales totalled $87m, down from $129m in 2005-06.

Television programs also accounted for the bulk of the $918m of payments Australia made for Audiovisual and related services, amounting to $538m in 2006-07. Payments for the right to use video tapes totalled $235m.

7.8 AUDIOVISUAL AND RELATED SERVICES, By type - 2000-01 to 2006-07

2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Credits (earnings)
Theatrical films
9
np
22
13
3
6
5
Television programs - Sydney Olympic Games
1 025
-
-
-
-
-
-
Televison programs - other
81
93
89
130
94
129
87
Video tapes
6
2
8
6
3
1
3
Total credits(a)
1 460
127
211
205
149
r214
169
Debits (payments)
Theatrical Films
85
90
80
76
78
85
96
Television Programs
456
532
481
526
610
539
538
Video Tapes
111
146
159
170
170
225
235
Total debits(a)
674
777
732
776
867
869
918

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
r revised
(a) Includes Multimedia and Other (not seperately identified).
Source: ABS, International Trade in Services by Country, by State and by Detailed Services Category, 2006-07 (cat. no. 5368.0.55.003).



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