3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2008 Quality Declaration 
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Contents >> Underlying Cause of Death by ICD-10 Chapter >> Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels (I00-I99)

DISEASES OF THE HEART AND BLOOD VESSELS (I00-I99)

Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (I00-I99) were identified as the underlying cause of 48,456 registered deaths in 2008. This accounted for 34% of all registered deaths. The median age at death for Diseases of the heart and blood vessels was 84.6 years, higher than the median age for all deaths (80.9 years).

Female deaths represented 53% (25,699) of deaths due to these diseases. The pattern of more female than male deaths for these underlying causes was consistent over the last 10 years. Females (87.0 years) dying from these diseases had a higher median age at death than males (81.3 years) dying from the same cause.

Ischaemic heart diseases (I20-I25) which includes angina, heart attacks and blocked arteries of the heart, represented a substantial proportion of deaths attributable to Diseases of the heart and blood vessels, accounting for 23,665 deaths (49%) . Of deaths from Ischaemic heart disease, 12,444 (53%) were males, and 11,221 (47%) were females. Ischaemic heart disease accounted for almost twice the number of deaths than the next highest contributor to Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (Cerebrovascular disease [Stroke] (I60-I69), or 11,973).

Deaths from Stroke (I60-I69) numbered 11,973 in 2008 or 25% of all Diseases of the heart and blood vessels, comparable with Acute myocardial infarction (Heart attack, (I21). In contrast to Heart attack, however, there were considerably less males 4,727 (39%) with Stroke as the underlying cause of death than females 7,246 (61%). Females at 86.9 years, had a higher median age at death than males at 82.7 years.

Heart attack (I21) represented 11,122 deaths or 23% of all Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels, and a total of 7.7% of all causes. There was a small difference in the number of male and female deaths due to this cause with 5,539 and 5,583 deaths respectively. The median age at death for females from Heart attack as their underlying cause of death was 87.0 years while the male figure was lower at 81.0 years.

4.8 SELECTED UNDERLYING CAUSES(a), Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels (I00-I99) - 2008(b)(c)(d)

Males
Females
Persons
Proportion of all deaths
Cause of Death and ICD Code
no.
no.
no.
%

CHAPTER IX Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99)
22 757
25 699
48 456
33.7
Chronic rheumatic heart diseases (I05-I09)
108
220
328
0.2
Rheumatic mitral valve diseases (I05)
55
109
164
0.1
Multiple valve diseases (I08)
24
40
64
-
Hypertensive diseases (I10-I15)
622
1 202
1 824
1.3
Essential (primary) hypertension (I10)
154
338
492
0.3
Hypertensive heart disease (I11)
236
452
688
0.5
Hypertensive renal disease (I12)
198
336
534
0.4
Hypertensive heart and renal disease (I13)
34
76
110
0.1
Ischaemic heart diseases (I20-I25)
12 444
11 221
23 665
16.4
Acute myocardial infarction (I21)
5 539
5 583
11 122
7.7
Other acute ischaemic heart diseases (I24)
141
177
318
0.2
Chronic ischaemic heart disease (I25)
6 750
5 435
12 185
8.5
Pulmonary heart disease and diseases of pulmonary circulation (I26-I28)
239
359
598
0.4
Pulmonary embolism (I26)
142
202
344
0.2
Other pulmonary heart diseases (I27)
95
157
252
0.2
Other forms of heart disease (I30-I52)
3 262
4 198
7 460
5.2
Other diseases of pericardium (I31)
27
25
52
-
Acute and subacute endocarditis (I33)
44
22
66
-
Nonrheumatic mitral valve disorders (I34)
80
109
189
0.1
Nonrheumatic aortic valve disorders (I35)
441
482
923
0.6
Endocarditis, valve unspecified (I38)
77
118
195
0.1
Cardiomyopathy (I42)
573
323
896
0.6
Cardiac arrest (I46)
60
76
136
0.1
Atrial fibrillation and flutter (I48)
479
840
1 319
0.9
Other cardiac arrhythmias (I49)
97
110
207
0.1
Heart failure (I50)
1 026
1 732
2 758
1.9
Complications and ill-defined descriptions of heart disease (I51)
300
302
602
0.4
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69)
4 727
7 246
11 973
8.3
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (I60)
193
318
511
0.4
Intracerebral haemorrhage (I61)
629
687
1 316
0.9
Other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage (I62)
235
227
462
0.3
Cerebral infarction (I63)
397
519
916
0.6
Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (I64)
2 011
3 570
5 581
3.9
Other cerebrovascular diseases (I67)
202
285
487
0.3
Sequelae of cerebrovascular disease (I69)
1 060
1 640
2 700
1.9
Diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries (I70-I79)
1 227
1 087
2 314
1.6
Atherosclerosis (I70)
80
144
224
0.2
Aortic aneurysm and dissection (I71)
748
482
1 230
0.9
Other peripheral vascular diseases (I73)
314
376
690
0.5
Other disorders of arteries and arterioles (I77)
38
35
73
0.1
Diseases of veins, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes, not elsewhere classified (I80-I89)
118
152
270
0.2
Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis (I80)
93
118
211
0.1

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Causes selected are those with 50 or more deaths at the 3 digit level of ICD-10.
(b) 2008 data have been subject to process improvements which have increased the quality of these data. See Technical Note 1: 2008 COD Collection - Process Improvements for further information.
(c) Causes of death data for 2008 are preliminary and subject to a revisions process. See Technical Note 2: Causes of Death - Revisions Process.
(d) Data cells with small values have been randomly assigned to protect the confidentiality of individuals. As a result, some totals will not equal the sum of their components. Cells with a zero value have not been affected by confidentialisation.






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