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3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2008 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/03/2010   
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Contents >> Underlying Cause of Death by ICD-10 Chapter >> Diseases of the Digestive System (K00-K99)

DISEASES OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM (K00-K99)

Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K99) accounted for 4,939 registered deaths in Australia in 2008 or 3.4% of all registered deaths. The number and proportion of all deaths due to diseases of the digestive system have remained consistent since 1999. Slightly more females (2,510) than males (2,429) died from diseases of the digestive system in 2008. The median age at death for males (74.2 years) dying from these diseases was 10 years lower than for females (84.2 years).

Alcoholic liver disease (K70) accounted for 751 deaths, 15% of all deaths due to diseases of the digestive system. More males than females died of alcoholic liver disease, with a ratio of 297.4 males per 100 females. The age at death ranged from the 25-34 to 85-94 year age groups. Median age at death for males was 58.3 years, while for females it was 56.3 years.

Diseases of the intestine (K50-K63) increased from 1,298 deaths in 1999 to 1,698 deaths in 2008. The majority of deaths (1,247) in 2008 occurred in the 75 to 94 year age group with a median age of 84.5 years.

Diseases of the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum (K20-K31) was the underlying cause of 532 deaths. The median age at death was 83.1 years, which was 2.2 years higher than the median age for all causes of death (80.9 years). The sex ratio for this underlying cause of death was 97 males per 100 females.

4.10 SELECTED UNDERLYING CAUSES(a), Diseases of the Digestive System (K00-K99) - 2008(b)(c)(d)

Male
Female
Persons
Proportion of all deaths

CHAPTER XI Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K93)
2 429
2 510
4 939
3.4
Diseases of oesophagus, stomach and duodenum (K20-K31)
262
270
532
0.4
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (K21)
25
30
55
-
Other diseases of oesophagus (K22)
53
66
119
0.1
Gastric ulcer (K25 )
34
35
69
-
Duodenal ulcer (K26)
63
56
119
0.1
Peptic ulcer, site unspecified (K27)
41
48
89
0.1
Gastritis and duodenitis (K29)
15
10
25
-
Other diseases of stomach and duodenum (K31)
21
17
38
-
Hernia (K40-K46)
63
92
155
0.1
Inguinal hernia (K40)
26
12
38
-
Diaphragmatic hernia (K44)
10
26
36
-
Unspecified abdominal hernia (K46)
14
19
33
-
Noninfective enteritis and colitis (K50-K52)
94
145
239
0.2
Crohn's disease (regional enteritis) (K50)
11
13
24
-
Ulcerative colitis (K51)
11
15
26
-
Other noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis (K52)
72
117
189
0.1
Other diseases of intestines (K55-K63)
564
895
1 459
1.0
Vascular disorders of intestine (K55)
177
285
462
0.3
Paralytic ileus and intestinal obstruction without hernia (K56)
204
311
515
0.4
Diverticular disease of intestine (K57)
82
165
247
0.2
Other functional intestinal disorders (K59)
9
21
30
-
Other diseases of anus and rectum (K62)
23
26
49
-
Other diseases of intestine (K63)
66
83
149
0.1
Diseases of peritoneum (K65-K67)
36
58
94
0.1
Peritonitis (K65)
32
39
71
-
Other disorders of peritoneum (K66)
3
19
23
-
Diseases of liver (K70-K77)
1 005
485
1 490
1.0
Alcoholic liver disease (K70)
562
189
751
0.5
Hepatic failure, not elsewhere classified (K72)
119
75
194
0.1
Fibrosis and cirrhosis of liver (K74)
195
131
326
0.2
Other inflammatory liver diseases (K75)
20
27
47
-
Other diseases of liver (K76)
107
62
169
0.1
Disorders of gallbladder, biliary tract and pancreas (K80-K87)
217
296
513
0.4
Cholelithiasis (K80)
44
60
104
0.1
Cholecystitis (K81)
51
65
116
0.1
Other diseases of biliary tract (K83)
41
68
109
0.1
Acute pancreatitis (K85)
54
82
136
0.1
Other diseases of pancreas (K86)
18
14
32
-
Other diseases of the digestive system (K90-K93)
166
252
418
0.3
Other diseases of digestive system (K92)
163
245
408
0.3

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Causes selected are those with 20 or more deaths at the 3 digit level of ICD-10.
(b) 2008 data have been subject to process improvements which have increased the quality of these data. See Technical Note 1: 2008 COD Collection - Process Improvements for further information.
(c) Causes of death data for 2008 are preliminary and subject to a revisions process. See Technical Note 2: Causes of Death - Revisions Process.
(d) Data cells with small values have been randomly assigned to protect the confidentiality of individuals. As a result, some totals will not equal the sum of their components. Cells with a zero value have not been affected by confidentialisation.






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