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A federal parolee is a person serving parole in the community under the authority of a Corrective Services agency, in relation to at least one federal offence.
- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
CHARACTERISTICS OF FEDERAL OFFENDERS
Federal offenders have been compared against the total prisoner population for Australia measured in the Prisoner Census. Data on the characteristics of all prisoners is presented in the previous chapters of Prisoners in Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 4517.0).
The majority of federal offenders are male. For federal prisoners, the proportion of males ranged from 86% in South Australia to 50% in Tasmania. For federal parolees, the proportion of males was highest (87%) in Queensland and lowest (79%) in New South Wales and South Australia.
The proportion of females is higher for federal prisoners than in the total prisoner population, where females comprised 7% of prisoners. For federal prisoners, the proportion of females ranged from 50% in Tasmania to 14% in South Australia. For federal parolees, the proportion of females was highest (21%) in New South Wales and South Australia, and lowest (13%) in Queensland.
The age profile of federal offenders varied across the states. For federal prisoners, the largest age group ranged from 25-29 years in South Australia to 50-54 years in New South Wales. For federal parolees, the largest age group ranged from 35-39 years in South Australia to 50-54 years in Queensland.
For the total prisoner population, the largest age group was 25-29 years at a national level and also for each of the contributing federal offender states. At the state level, median ages for federal prisoners were consistently higher than for all prisoners.
TABLE 3. MEDIAN AGE BY STATE, 2011
Country of Birth
All states had a lower proportion of Australian-born federal prisoners than the proportion for all prisoners (79%). South Australia had the highest proportion (70%) of prisoners born in Australia and New South Wales had the lowest (31%). The exception to this was Tasmania, where all federal prisoners were born in Australia. A lower proportion of federal parolees were born in Australia than the total prisoner population, with the highest proportion in Queensland (77%) and the lowest in New South Wales (27%).
Sentence and order length
Across the states sentence length varied for federal prisoners. For New South Wales and Queensland the most common sentence length was 5 years to under 10 years, whereas for South Australia it was 1 year to under 2 years. For Tasmania sentence length was evenly spread between under 3 months and 1 year to under 2 years.
Comparing median sentence lengths of federal prisoners against all prisoners varied across the states. For Queensland and Tasmania, federal prisoners had lower median sentences, whereas in New South Wales and South Australia, federal prisoners had higher median sentences.
For federal parolees the most common order length was 3 years to under 4 years for New South Wales and Queensland and 2 years to under 3 years for South Australia.
The proportion of persons identifying as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in the total prisoner population was 26%. The proportion of federal offenders identifying as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander was lower than the level for all prisoners in all states. South Australia had the highest proportion of federal prisoners identifying as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander with 10% and New South Wales had the lowest with 2%. Tasmania had no Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander federal prisoners.
For each of the states, the proportions for both Indigenous federal prisoners and Indigenous parolees were lower than for the total prisoner population.