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ENVIRONMENTAL TAXES BY INDUSTRY AND HOUSEHOLDS
Figure 6.4 shows the relative contribution of both energy and transport taxes for different industries for 2010-11, in the context of their corresponding employment, gross value added (GVA) and greenhouse gases (GHG). The Manufacturing industry accounts for just below 40% of total energy taxes paid, while their contribution to GDP is just over 10% and their contribution to GHG is approximately 14%. On the other hand the Services industry accounted for just above 60% of total transport taxes within industry, close to 70% of employment and just above 50% of gross domestic product (GDP), while its contribution to GHG is about 5%.
Agriculture, forestry and fishery industry pay around 3% of energy taxes, but account for 23% of GHG emissions. However, one third of these GHG emissions stem from changes in land use and deforestation, which are not related to energy taxes. Conversely, GHG emissions from the Electricity, gas, water and waste services industry (EGW&W) account for close to 40%, but only 10% of energy taxes.