Cancer (C00-D48) was the underlying cause of 488 deaths (20%) of Indigenous people, of which 48% were male and 52% were female. Of total non-Indigenous deaths throughout Australia, 30% were attributed to Cancers. The median age of deaths with an underlying cause of Cancer was 63.1 years for Indigenous people, and 75.5 years for non-Indigenous people.
Trachea and lung cancers (C33-C34) accounted for 120 deaths or 4.9% of all deaths of Indigenous people. Comparatively, these types of Cancer were the underlying cause of death for 5.5% of all deaths of non-Indigenous people in 2008.