CHILD MORTALITY (0-4 YEARS)
In 2010, there were 1,500 deaths of children aged 0-4 years registered in Australia. This was a 2.4% decrease compared with the number registered in 2009. Of these 0-4 year old deaths, 1,200 (or 84%) were infant deaths (deaths of children under one year of age).
Between 1990 and 2000, the total number of 0-4 year old deaths decreased by 4.9% per year on average. Since then, total number of 0-4 year old deaths each year have remained relatively stable in number, fluctuating between 1,400 and 1,600 deaths per year.
Over the past twenty years, the number of 0-4 year old male deaths has been consistently greater than the number of 0-4 year old female deaths. In 2010, there were 870 male deaths, which was 47% more than the number of female deaths (590).
Using life tables issued in this publication, it is possible to calculate the probability of a live born child dying before reaching the age of 5 years. In the period 2008-2010, it is a probability that 589 baby boys per 100,000, and 423 baby girls per 100,000 will die before reaching the age of 5 years.