A high degree of caution should be exercised when interpreting Indigenous deaths data. For further information, see Explanatory Notes 61-70. Data on infant mortality by Indigenous status is also subject to the high variability caused by small numbers. Further details on Indigenous and non-Indigenous infant mortality can be found in Deaths, Australia 2009 (cat. no. 3302.0).
Infant mortality rates for Indigenous Australians are around twice the rates for all Australians. Of all Indigenous infant deaths (aged under twelve months) registered in 2009, almost half (49.0%) were attributed to Conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P96). This was a similar proportion to that of non-Indigenous infant deaths (51.6%).