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NEW SOUTH WALES
POPULATION CHANGE IN GREATER SYDNEY
At June 2013, just under two-thirds of the state's population (4.76 million people) resided in Greater Sydney. Population growth in Greater Sydney accounted for 78% of the state's total growth in 2012-13.
The largest growth in Greater Sydney was in the SA4 of Sydney - Parramatta, up by 12,200 people. Sydney - Inner South West and Sydney - South West also had large growth, adding 8,200 and 7,400 people respectively. The Central Coast grew by 2,700 people during the same period.
Growth in Greater Sydney
In 2012-13, the ten SA2s with the largest population increases in NSW were all within Greater Sydney. Parklea - Kellyville Ridge, in the north-west growth corridor, continued to grow the most. It increased by 3,400 people to reach 29,000, and almost doubled its population in the five years since 2008. Large growth also occurred in the western Sydney SA2 of Parramatta - Rosehill (up by 1,600 people). Concord West - North Strathfield (up by 1,300), Homebush Bay - Silverwater (1,200) and Lidcombe - Regents Park (1,100), all located in and around the Sydney Olympic Park site, also had comparatively large increases. Growth from urban renewal and increased student accommodation in the inner city was also apparent, with Kensington - Kingsford and Waterloo - Beaconsfield gaining 1,200 and 1,100 people respectively. Warnervale - Wadalba continued to have the largest growth on the Central Coast, up by 340 people.
Greater Sydney also contained nine of the ten fastest-growing SA2s in NSW. Parklea - Kellyville Ridge was the fastest-growing (up by 13%), followed by Cobbitty - Leppington (11%) in Sydney's south-west, Homebush Bay - Silverwater (9.2%), and Concord West - North Strathfield and Parramatta - Rosehill (both 6.4%).
Population decline in Greater Sydney
A very small proportion of the SA2s in Greater Sydney declined in population between 2012 and 2013. The largest losses were in Claymore - Eagle Vale - Raby (down by 190 people) and Bradbury - Wedderburn (down by 180), both in Sydney's outer south-west and both undergoing public housing renewal. Budgewoi - Bluff Point - Halekulani and Point Clare - Koolewong on the Central Coast declined by 40 and 30 people respectively.
POPULATION CHANGE IN THE REST OF NSW
At June 2013, just over one-third of NSW residents lived outside Greater Sydney. The population in the rest of NSW increased by 22,300 people in the year to 2013, to reach 2.65 million.
In 2012-13, the Hunter Valley (exc Newcastle) SA4 had the largest population growth in the rest of NSW, up by 3,800 people, followed by adjacent Newcastle and Lake Macquarie (3,500). Both these regions are located to the north of Sydney. These were followed by Illawarra (up by 3,200 people) to the south of Sydney, Richmond - Tweed (2,200) on the far north coast, Central West (2,000), and Capital Region (1,600) which surrounds most of the Australian Capital Territory.
Newcastle and Wollongong
In Newcastle and Lake Macquarie, the largest and fastest growth in the year to 2013 was in the SA2 of Edgeworth - Cameron Park, up by 410 people (3.3%). Adjacent Glendale - Cardiff - Hillsborough in the north of the Lake Macquarie region grew by 320 people, followed by Morisset - Cooranbong (260) on the western shore of Lake Macquarie. Beresfield - Hexham recorded the only decline in the region, down by 30 people.
In the Illawarra region, the largest growth occurred in inner-city Wollongong (up by 530 people), followed by Shellharbour - Flinders (510) in the south, which also had the fastest growth (3.5%). The next largest increase was in Figtree - Keiraville (up by 310 people), which adjoins Wollongong and contains a university campus. No Illawarra SA2s had population losses during this period.
Coastal and hinterland change
Outside of Greater Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong, the largest growth in coastal and coastal hinterland areas in the 12 months to 2013 was in the Maitland - West SA2 (up by 720 people) in the Lower Hunter Valley, followed by nearby Cessnock (570), while the fastest growth was in Maitland (5.7%). Tweed Heads - South (up by 410 people), Byron Bay and Pottsville (both 330) on the far north coast also had relatively large increases, while St Georges Basin - Erowal Bay (230) had the largest increase on the south coast.
The north coast SA2s of Grafton (down by 220 people) and Grafton Region (down by 90) had the largest population losses for this period, in part due to the downsizing of Grafton Jail. Laurieton - Bonny Hills (down by 80 people) and Urunga (down by 70) on the north coast also had population declines. The largest population loss on the south coast was in Narooma - Bermagui (down by 50 people).
Regional centres continued to drive population growth in inland NSW. The largest growth in 2012-13 was in the SA2 of Bathurst (up by 480 people), followed by Orange - North (470). Orange - North also had the fastest growth (up by 2.6%). Large growth was also recorded in Albury - East and Goulburn (both up by 290 people), followed by Tamworth - North (270), and Tamworth - East, Wagga Wagga - East and Wagga Wagga - South (all 260). The largest declines were in Broken Hill (down by 80 people), Karabar (down by 60) in Queanbeyan, and Parkes (down by 50).
Of the remaining mainly rural SA2s, the largest growth was in Yass Region (up by 210 people), Goulburn Region (200) and Queanbeyan Region (190), all near the Australian Capital Territory. Large growth was also seen in Tamworth Region (up by 160 people) in the state's north-west, and Wellington (150) and Forbes (140) in the central west. These areas generally surround established urban centres or include major towns.
Many of NSW's predominantly rural SA2s declined in population. The largest declines were in Wagga Wagga Region (down by 240 people), Deniliquin Region (down by 70) in the state's south-west, and West Wyalong (down by 60) in the Central West.
The population density of NSW at June 2013 was 9.3 people per square kilometre (sq km). In Greater Sydney, the population density was 380 people per sq km.
Eight of the ten most densely-populated SA2s in Australia were in Greater Sydney, with the top four located around Sydney's central business district. The highest population densities were in inner-city Pyrmont - Ultimo (14,300 people per sq km), Potts Point - Woolloomooloo (13,600), Darlinghurst (13,300) and Surry Hills (13,100), and reflect inner-city urban consolidation. The largest increases in population densities in NSW in 2012-13 were in Pyrmont - Ultimo (up by 400 people per sq km), Parklea - Kellyville Ridge (340) and Waterloo - Beaconsfield (310).
In the rest of NSW, the highest population densities were in Newcastle - Cooks Hill (2,800 people per sq km), nearby Waratah - North Lambton (2,500) in the Newcastle region, and Wollongong (2,700).
CENTRE OF POPULATION
The centre of population for NSW at June 2013 was near the banks of the Hawkesbury River near Lower Portland. Between 2003 and 2013, the centre moved 3.1 kilometres south-east, reflecting strong population growth in Greater Sydney and along the NSW coast.
At June 2013, the centre of population of Greater Sydney was in the suburb of Ermington, just north of the Parramatta River.
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