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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/01/2005   
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Contents >> Manufacturing >> Manufactured commodities

Table 18.21 shows the production of selected manufactured commodities for the period 1999-2000 to 2002-03.

Volumes of unfortified wine, which includes red, white and rose wines, decreased by 11% in 2002-03 from volumes produced the previous year, but were still around 31% higher than production levels in 1999-2000. Beer production, on the other hand, has remained at approximately the same level over the 1999-2000 to 2002-03 period. Similarly, production of red meat has remained steady throughout the period while production of chicken meat has increased each year to be 15% higher in 2002-03 than in 1999-2000.

Production levels of major textiles commodities have decreased substantially over the period, with production of cotton yarns in 2002-03 more than 46% lower than in 1999-2000.

Production of selected building materials, including ready mixed concrete, fluctuated over the 1999-2000 to 2002-03 period. Production of all selected building materials fell in 2000-01, from record highs in 1999-2000 with production levels rising again in 2001-02 and 2002-03.


18.21 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION, Selected commodities

Units
1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
Percentage change from 1999-2000
to 2002-03

Selected vehicles
Cars and station wagons for fewer than 10 persons
no.
314,475
340,099
318,951
358,286
13.9
Semi-trailers
no.
3,934
3,755
4,053
5,214
32.5
Selected food products and beverages
Brandy
'000 L
676
640
417
302
-55.3
Grape spirit
'000 L
6,106
4,456
6,731
n.p.
n.a.
Unfortified wine
'000 L
779,149
1,016,306
1,150,854
1,019,393
30.8
Red meat
'000 t
3,031
3,200
3,067
3,090
1.9
Chicken meat
'000 t
597
620
667
689
15.4
Milk
ML
10,847
10,545
11,271
10,322
-4.8
Cheese
'000 t
369
361
413
368
-0.4
Butter
'000 t
170
160
164
149
-12.7
Beer
ML
1,768
1,745
1,744
1,727
-2.3
Sugar
'000 t
5,448
4,162
4,987
5,461
0.2
Tobacco and cigarettes
t
20,688
19,124
18,367
19,561
-5.4
Selected textiles
Scoured and carbonised wool
t
118,558
124,679
99,924
88,663
-25.2
Wool and man-made fibre tops
t
55,335
61,315
53,828
38,903
-29.7
Wool yarn
t
19,020
14,894
15,815
14,546
-23.5
Cotton yarn
t
33,368
33,203
26,926
17,902
-46.3
Selected petroleum and metal products
Automotive gasoline
ML
18,652
17,887
18,000
17,984
-3.6
Fuel oil
ML
1,839
1,951
1,684
1,441
-21.6
Automotive diesel oil
ML
12,737
13,212
13,065
13,335
4.7
Aviation turbine fuel
ML
5,538
5,836
5,390
5,149
-7.0
Alumina
'000 t
15,037
16,099
16,417
16,407
9.1
Pig iron
'000 t
6,489
6,096
6,154
6,634
2.2
Raw steel
'000 t
8,053
8,003
8,311
9,399
16.7
Selected paper and wood products
Newsprint
'000 t
381
391
398
407
6.8
Wood pulp
'000 t
861
895
843
877
1.9
Undressed sawn timber
’000 m3
3,984
3,525
4,120
4,049
1.6
Hardwood woodchips
'000 t
6,164
6,401
5,912
7,079
14.8
Selected building materials
Portland cement
'000 t
7,937
6,821
7,236
7,517
-5.3
Clay bricks
m
1,711
1,436
1,516
1,639
-4.2
Ready mixed concrete
’000 m3
20,633
17,251
19,447
21,003
1.8

Source: Australian Wine and Grape Industry (1329.0); Manufacturing Production, Australia (8301.0); ABS data available on request, Manufacturing Production Survey; ABARE, 'Australian Commodity Statistics, 2003.


International trade in manufactured commodities

Principal commodities exported

Table 18.22 shows the value of the main 20 manufacturing commodities exported from Australia, in the period 1999-2000 to 2003-04. Manufactured commodities made up 57% of the value of all merchandise exports in 2003-04.

In 2003-04 five manufacturing commodities contributed 27.6% of the total value of exports - non-ferrous metals (6.3%); petroleum, petroleum products and related materials (6.1%); meat and meat preparations (5.3%); non-monetary gold (5.2%); and cereals and cereal preparations (4.7%). The value of exports of road vehicles increased by 48% from 1999-2000 to $4.2b in 2003-04, and represented 3.8% of the total value of Australian exports.

The value of exports of cereals and cereal preparations fell by 31% in 2002-03 at a time of drought, before recovering by 13% in 2003-04.


18.22 EXPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Commodities as defined by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
Change
from 1999-00
to 2003-04
Change
from 2002-03
to 2003-04
Share of total exports 2003-04
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Non-ferrous metals
7,395
9,404
8,854
7,881
6,804
-8.0
-13.7
6.3
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
7,145
10,858
8,369
8,351
6,632
-7.2
-20.6
6.1
Meat and meat preparations
4,467
5,796
6,249
5,657
5,722
28.1
1.1
5.3
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)
5,031
5,110
5,129
5,584
5,651
12.3
1.2
5.2
Cereals and cereal preparations
4,940
5,936
6,482
4,487
5,086
3.0
13.4
4.7
Road vehicles (incl. air-cushion vehicles)
2,808
3,840
4,293
4,185
4,160
48.2
-0.6
3.8
Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric)
4,299
5,600
4,983
4,489
3,499
-18.6
-22.0
3.2
Beverages
1,515
1,931
2,287
2,605
2,614
72.6
0.3
2.4
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
1,715
2,230
2,262
2,006
2,431
41.7
21.2
2.2
Dairy products and birds' eggs
2,383
2,971
3,156
2,373
2,161
-9.3
-8.9
2.0
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (incl. non-elec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip)
1,322
1,720
1,680
1,672
1,456
10.1
-12.9
1.3
Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof
1,538
1,718
1,663
1,486
1,317
-14.3
-11.4
1.2
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.
1,040
1,221
1,290
1,308
1,219
17.3
-6.8
1.1
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
1,061
1,254
1,344
1,241
1,210
14.1
-2.5
1.1
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
1,312
1,564
1,657
1,483
1,203
-8.3
-18.8
1.1
Machinery specialised for particular industries
1,112
1,344
1,398
1,270
1,142
2.7
-10.0
1.0
Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles)
1,672
1,200
1,860
2,013
998
-40.3
-50.4
0.9
Cork and wood
777
886
882
994
995
28.0
0.1
0.9
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
966
1,025
956
885
833
-13.7
-5.9
0.8
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
1,183
1,454
1,083
810
758
-35.9
-6.4
0.7

Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


Principal commodities imported

Table 18.23 shows the value of the main 20 manufactured commodities imported into Australia during the period 1999-2000 to 2003-04. Manufactured commodities comprised 94% of the value of all merchandise imports in 2003-04.

The major commodity imported into Australia during the period was road vehicles, which represented 13.6% of the total value of imports in 2003-04. Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials made up 7.6% of imports in 2003-04, and was one of the few large imported commodities which was not machinery of one type or another.

In comparing the list of largest manufactured commodities Australia exports with the list of imports in terms of value, it is apparent many of Australia's manufactured exports are simply transformed manufactured commodities such as food products and metals, while the majority of manufactured imports are elaborately transformed commodities such as machinery and equipment.

18.23 IMPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES(a)

1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
Change
from 1999-00
to 2003-04
Change
from 2002-03
to 2003-04
Share of total imports 2003-04
Commodities as defined by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Road vehicles (incl. air-cushion vehicles)
12,784
14,346
14,895
16,826
17,839
39.5
6.0
13.6
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
7,516
10,369
8,893
10,502
9,899
31.7
-5.7
7.6
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
7,589
8,319
7,965
7,732
7,738
2.0
0.1
5.9
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
6,773
7,930
6,862
7,003
7,479
10.4
6.8
5.7
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.
5,398
5,726
6,221
7,062
7,034
30.3
-0.4
5.4
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (incl. non-elec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip)
6,213
6,791
6,629
6,958
7,022
13.0
0.9
5.4
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
3,520
4,370
5,009
5,285
5,907
67.8
11.8
4.5
Machinery specialised for particular industries
4,153
3,835
4,050
4,543
5,040
21.3
10.9
3.8
Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles)
5,432
3,409
3,468
6,454
4,630
-14.8
-28.3
3.5
Articles of apparel and clothing accessories
2,794
3,187
3,215
3,419
3,369
20.6
-1.5
2.6
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
2,593
2,742
2,998
3,059
3,213
23.9
5.0
2.5
Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.
2,522
2,710
2,790
3,133
3,190
26.5
1.8
2.4
Power generating machinery and equipment
2,655
2,700
3,034
3,210
2,962
11.6
-7.7
2.3
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)
2,397
1,688
2,219
2,959
2,544
6.1
-14.0
1.9
Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, n.e.s. and related products
2,632
2,607
2,562
2,723
2,458
-6.6
-9.7
1.9
Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard
2,329
2,444
2,363
2,497
2,450
5.2
-1.9
1.9
Organic chemicals
2,874
2,854
2,501
2,445
2,363
-17.8
-3.3
1.8
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
1,878
1,871
1,970
2,116
2,100
11.8
-0.8
1.6
Iron and steel
1,505
1,430
1,764
1,961
2,027
34.6
3.4
1.5
Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.
1,255
1,412
1,607
1,753
1,712
36.4
-2.3
1.3

(a) Customs value.

Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


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