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4610.0 - Water Account, Australia, 2009-10 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/11/2011   
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MAIN FINDINGS
 
The figures and tables in this section summarise much of the data contained in the Water Account Australia. The main findings include:

  • In 2009–10, Australian annual mean rainfall was 503 mm, 4% lower than the 522 mm recorded in 2008–09.
  • During 2009–10, 64,076 GL of water was extracted from the environment and used within the Australian economy. This was a 7% increase on the 59,839 GL extracted during 2008–09. Water providers extracted 9,405 GL, which was a 3% decrease on the 9,673 GL extracted during 2008–09. Water-using industries (mainly the Agriculture industry and hydro-electricity generation) extracted 54,959 GL, which was a 9% increase on the 50,166 GL directly extracted in 2008–09.
  • Water consumption by all industries and households in Australia was 13,476 GL in 2009–10, a decrease of 4% from 2008–09 when it was 14,101 GL.
  • The Agriculture industry (businesses with agriculture as their main activity) consumed the largest volume of water with 6,987 GL, representing 52% of Australia's water consumption in 2009–10.
  • Queensland showed the largest fall (8%) in water consumption from 3,351 GL in 2008–09 to 3,088 GL in 2009–10. This was mostly because of a 216 GL (or 10%) decrease in the consumption of water by the Agriculture industry in this state.
  • In 2009–10, there were 354 water providers in Australia, supplying 9,405 GL of distributed water. This compares to 401 providers and 9,673 GL in 2008–09.
  • Water providers in the Water supply, sewerage and drainage services industry supplied 9,117 GL or 97% of distributed water in 2009–10.
  • Surface water made up 8,727 GL or 96% of the distributed water supplied by the Water supply, sewerage and drainage services industry in 2009–10.
  • Reuse water made up 374 GL of total water supplied by water providers in 2009–10, compared to 348 GL in 2008–09. In both reference years it represented just under 4% of total water supplied by water providers.
WATER SUPPLY IN THE AUSTRALIAN ECONOMY – 2009–10



  • A 23% increase in the use of reuse water by the Agriculture industry (up from 103 GL in 2008–09 to 126 GL in 2009–10) contributed to the 7% rise in the use of reuse water in Australia between 2008–09 and 2009–10.
  • Water consumption by households increased by 6% between 2008–09 (1,768 GL) and 2009–10 (1,868 GL).
  • Households experienced a 42% increase from 2008–09 in the use of reuse water (from 2,193 ML to 3,106 ML), however the volumes involved were relatively low.
  • Sales and service income from the Water supply, sewerage and drainage services industry was $12.5 billion, an 12% increase from 2008–09.
  • The average price of distributed water supplied increased by 10% from $0.73/kL in 2008–09 to $0.80/kL in 2009–10.
  • There was large variation in the average price paid for distributed water with households paying $2.09/kL and Agriculture $0.09/kL.
  • Gross value added for the Water supply, sewerage and drainage services industry increased by 12% between 2008–09 and 2009–10, from $6,408 million to $7,191 million.
  • The gross value of irrigated agricultural production was $11.5 billion in 2009–10, a slight decrease from $12.0 billion in 2008–09.
  • The Agriculture industry generated a total of $4 million of gross value added (on average) for every GL of water consumed in 2009–10.
  • The Mining industry recorded a total of $196 million of gross value added per GL of water consumed, a 13% decrease from 2008–09.
  • The Manufacturing industry generated a total of $164 million of gross value added for every GL of water consumed, a 0.2% decrease from 2008–09.
 

WATER ACCOUNT SUMMARY STATISTICS— 2008–09 and 2009–10

AUSTRALIA
STATE AND TERRITORY 2009–10
2008–09
2009–10
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT

Water consumption by industry (GL)(a)
12 333
11 609
3 762
2 572
2 725
971
1 038
393
130
20
Water consumption by households (GL)
1 768
1 868
565
327
364
126
348
72
38
28
Total water consumption (GL)
14 101
13 476
4 326
2 899
3 088
1 097
1 386
465
168
47
Gross State Product ($m)
1 255 241
1 281 180
401 716
293 313
254 550
78 558
187 834
22 341
16 880
25 988
Population ('000)
21 953
22 327
7 233
5 546
4 514
1 645
2 294
508
230
359
Gross State Product/Total water consumption
89
95
93
101
82
72
136
48
100
551
Gross State Product/Industry water consumption
102
110
107
114
93
81
181
57
130
1 331
Per capita/Total water consumption (kL)
642
604
598
523
684
667
604
916
732
131
Per capita/Household water consumption (kL)
81
84
78
59
81
77
152
143
167
77

(a) All industries i.e. Agriculture, Mining, Manufacturing, etc.


 Water Supply

The total volume of water supplied by the Water supply, sewerage and drainage services industry in 2009–10 was 9,491 GL (see the Physical water supply and use tables); this included 3.8% reuse water and 1,803 GL of distribution losses (see the "Distribution losses" table in the Water supply, sewerage and drainage section). The actual total volume of water distributed to users (or net water supply) was 7,117 GL.

The table below shows that $5,830 million of revenue was generated from supplying 7,031 GL of urban and rural distributed water by the Water supply, sewerage and drainage services industry in 2009–10. In 2008–09, revenue earned by the Water supply, sewerage and drainage services industry was $5,207 million for the supply of 6,864 GL of distributed water (including reuse water). Since 2008–09, revenue has increased by 12% while the volume of distributed water supplied increased by 2%. The Mining, Manufacturing and Electricity generation industries supplied 288 GL of water to other businesses and households and the total revenue earned was less than $0.5 million.

MONETARY AND PHYSICAL DISTRIBUTED WATER SUPPLY, by industry — 2009–10

MONETARY UNITS
PHYSICAL UNITS
Distributed water (urban & rural)(a)
Supply to other economic units
$m
GL

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
Mining
21
Manufacturing
13
Electricity & gas supply
254
Water supply, sewerage & drainage
5830
7031
All other industries

– nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Includes reuse water

WATER CONSUMPTION, by State and Territory — 2004–05, 2008–09 and 2009–10

AUSTRALIA
STATE AND TERRITORY 2009–10
2004–05
2008–09
2009–10
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
GL
GL
GL
GL
GL
GL
GL
GL
GL
GL
GL

Agriculture
12 191
6 996
6 987
2 127
1 553
1 928
720
324
286
49
1
Forestry and fishing
47
101
85
1
1
6
1
74
2
Mining
413
508
489
62
5
113
22
245
17
25
Manufacturing
589
677
656
142
138
183
76
62
37
18
Electricity and gas
271
328
298
68
113
91
1
24
1
            –
Water supply(a)(b)
2 083
2 396
1 902
1 001
521
190
52
103
17
10
8
Other industries(c)
1 063
1 327
1 207
357
254
230
101
193
35
27
10
Household
2 108
1 768
1 868
565
327
364
126
348
72
38
28
Total
18 767
14 101
13 492
4 323
2 912
3 104
1 101
1 372
466
168
47

– nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Includes sewerage and drainage services
(b) Includes water losses
(c) Includes aquaculture and services to agriculture
Note: this table presents an activity view for agriculture for 2004–05 and an industry view for 2008–09 and 2009–10

 
Water Use

The table below shows physical use of distributed (both urban and rural) water and related expenditure in 2009–10. Households consumed 1,670 GL (24% of the total water consumption) and spent $3,488 million (60% of total expenditure) on distributed water.

Water consumption by the Agriculture, forestry and fishing industry increased by 11% (from 3,518 GL to 3,905 GL) and the expenditure increased by 2% (from $353 million to $359 million). Total expenditure on distributed and reuse water for all industries decreased by 1% (from $2,362 million to $2,350 million) while physical water use (both distributed and reuse) decreased from 5,416 GL to 5,390 GL. 
 

MONETARY AND PHYSICAL DISTRIBUTED WATER USE, by industry and households —2009–10

Expenditure on distributed and reuse water
Physical use of distributed and reuse water
$m
Percent of total (%)
GL
Percent of total (%)

Total consumption by industries(a)
Agriculture, aquaculture, forestry and fishing
359
6
3 905
55
Mining  
99
2
79
1
Manufacturing  
364
6
362
5
Electricity, gas and waste services  
104
2
214
3
Water supply, sewerage & drainage
19
0
All other service industries  
1 423
24
812
12
Total
2 350
40
5 390
76
Final consumption by households(b)
3 488
60
1 670
24
Final consumption by Governments
Total net use(c)
5 838
100
7 060
100

– nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Total consumption by industries = total intermediate consumption
(b) Final consumption by households includes social benefits paid in kind by governments
(c) Total net use = Total use less losses by Water supply industry and environmental flows

 
 
Gross Value Added
 
The table below displays industry information for 2009–10 relating to gross value added, physical water consumption and the ratio of industry gross value added to industry water consumption. Physical water consumption in this table relates to consumption of all categories of water (self-extracted, distributed and reuse). The relationship between water consumption and value added of the industry varies from industry to industry, reflecting the differing degrees to which water forms an input into the production of goods and services by these industries. The percentage movements between 2008–09 and 2009–10 (outlined below) are based on chain volume measures of industry gross value added (see Explanatory Notes, paragraphs 44 and 54).
 
The Agriculture, forestry and fishing industry generated, on average, $4 million in gross value added for every GL of water consumed in 2009–10. Industry gross value added decreased by 1% in chain volume terms while the water consumption increased by 0.4% from 2008–09. The Mining industry recorded $196 million gross value added for every GL consumed. This was a 13% decrease from 2008–09, reflecting a 4% decrease in water consumption and a 6% increase in industry gross value added (chain volume terms) from 2008–09. The Manufacturing industry generated $164 million gross value added per GL of water consumed. Water consumption in the Manufacturing industry fell by 3% while industry gross value added rose by 1% (chain volume terms).
 

INDUSTRY GROSS VALUE ADDED FOR WATER USING INDUSTRIES — 2009–10

Industry gross value added (a)
Water consumption
Industry gross value added per GL of water consumed
$m
GL
$m/GL

Agriculture, forestry and fishing  
28 764
7 187
4
Mining
96 105
489
196
Manufacturing
107 707
658
164
Electricity & gas
18 837
297
64
Water supply, sewerage and drainage
7 191
1 893
4
All other industries
944 442
1 084
871
Total
1 203 046
11 609
104

(a) 2009–10 current prices

 
 

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