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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/01/2006   
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Contents >> Chapter 22 - Transport >> Transport activity

TRANSPORT ACTIVITY

DOMESTIC AIRLINE ACTIVITY

The total hours flown and the number of aircraft departures by the major domestic and regional airlines are shown in table 22.6. Hours flown in 2004 were 13% more than in 2003, while aircraft departures were 9% higher than in 2003.

22.6 DOMESTIC AIRLINE ACTIVITY, Major and regional airlines

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

Hours flown
749
751
788
759
667
693
783
Aircraft departures
585
588
606
564
479
477
522

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


In addition to the scheduled services of domestic and regional airlines, the range of activities undertaken by the general aviation industry includes business flying, aerial agriculture, charter, training and private flying (table 22.7). Charter and private/business activity accounted for 53% of general aviation hours flown in 2004.

22.7 GENERAL AVIATION ACTIVITY, Hours flown

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004(a)
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

Charter
487
498
508
480
469
446
429
478
Agricultural
137
147
135
124
114
71
70
88
Flying training
455
484
454
419
411
411
420
356
Other aerial work
315
319
314
304
300
327
344
341
Private/business
446
430
432
388
409
412
383
406
Total
1,839
1,878
1,842
1,715
1,703
1,667
1,646
1,669

(a) Provisional data.

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


ROAD TRANSPORT ACTIVITY

Motor vehicles travelled an estimated total distance of 201,497 million kilometres (km) in the year ended 31 October 2003, at an average of 15,900 km per vehicle (table 22.8). Business use accounted for an estimated 35% of aggregate distance travelled, and private use 65%. Of total private use travel, 33% consisted of travel to and from work, and 67% for personal and other use travel.

22.8 BUSINESS AND PRIVATE VEHICLE USE - Year ended 31 October 2003

Business
Private


Type of vehicle
Laden
Unladen
Total(a)
To and
from work
Personal and
other use
Total

TOTAL KILOMETRES TRAVELLED (million)

Passenger vehicles
. .
. .
33,951
37,846
79,946
151,743
Motor cycles
. .
. .
*156
*362
*858
1,376
Light commercial vehicles
15,346
5,470
20,817
5,201
6,653
32,671
Rigid trucks
5,425
2,116
7,541
*137
*89
7,768
Articulated trucks
4,399
1,437
5,836
*5
*1
5,841
Non-freight carrying trucks
. .
. .
201
**2
-
203
Buses
. .
. .
1,805
*22
*66
1,893
Total
25,171
9,023
70,307
43,575
87,615
201,497

AVERAGE KILOMETRES TRAVELLED(b) (’000)

Passenger vehicles
. .
. .
11.1
7.2
8.9
15.1
Motor cycles
. .
. .
*3.1
*3.7
3.5
4.6
Light commercial vehicles
14.9
8.8
18.7
8.2
7.0
18.0
Rigid trucks
17.6
9.0
24.4
*6.2
*3.6
23.9
Articulated trucks
75.9
29.5
99.8
*4.4
*1.8
99.4
Non-freight carrying trucks
. .
. .
12.3
*7.0
*0.9
12.2
Buses
. .
. .
33.6
*5.9
*9.2
32.4
Total
18.0
9.9
15.1
7.2
8.6
15.9

(a) Includes business travel of non-freight carrying vehicles.
(b) Average distance travelled for registered vehicles which were used.

Source: Survey of Motor Vehicle Use, Australia, 12 months ended 31 October 2003 (9208.0).


The localities in which motor vehicles travelled are described in table 22.9. Only 5% of total distance travelled represented interstate trips, while 54% of trips were within the capital city of the state or territory in which the vehicle was registered.

22.9 AREA OF OPERATION - Year ended 31 October 2003

Within state/territory of registration

Type of vehicle
Capital city
Provincial urban
Other areas of state/territory
Total
Interstate
Australia

TOTAL KILOMETRES TRAVELLED (million)

Passenger vehicles
87,951
21,381
35,301
144,633
*7,110
151,743
Motor cycles
*559
*251
*521
1,331
*45
1,376
Light commercial vehicles
14,470
5,134
12,143
31,747
*924
32,671
Rigid trucks
3,809
972
2,587
7,369
*399
7,768
Articulated trucks
1,067
389
2,705
4,162
1,680
5,841
Non-freight carrying trucks
*101
*33
*62
196
*8
203
Buses
887
364
570
1,821
*72
1,893
Total
108,844
28,524
53,890
191,258
10,238
201,497

AVERAGE KILOMETRES TRAVELLED(a) (’000)

Passenger vehicles
11.7
7.4
9.9
14.5
*6.8
15.1
Motor cycles
*3.6
*2.7
*4.0
4.4
*2.1
4.6
Light commercial vehicles
15.7
10.1
13.8
17.6
*6.4
18.0
Rigid trucks
24.4
13.4
15.7
22.8
*21.7
23.9
Articulated trucks
30.0
21.5
63.0
72.5
89.1
99.4
Non-freight carrying trucks
14.7
*9.3
*7.6
11.9
**10.6
12.2
Buses
28.7
22.7
23.1
31.4
*19.8
32.4
Total
12.3
7.9
11.2
15.2
8.2
15.9

(a) Average distance travelled for registered vehicles which were used.

Source: Survey of Motor Vehicle Use, Australia, 12 months ended 31 October 2003 (9208.0).


TRANSPORT PASSENGER ACTIVITY

Personal travel occurs for many reasons, including school, business, recreation and travel to and from work. While road transport accounts for the majority of domestic passenger trips undertaken, rail services are used by a considerable number of urban commuters. Air services provide for a large proportion of long distance passenger travel.

Road passenger vehicle activity

In the year ended 31 October 2003 Australia's ten million passenger vehicles travelled an estimated 152 billion km (table 22.10), each averaging just under 14,600 km per year. Just under 378,500 motor cycles travelled 1.4 billion km, while the fleet of just over 60,000 buses travelled 1.9 billion km.

22.10 MOTOR VEHICLE USE, By state/territory of registration - 2003

Passenger vehicles
Motor cycles
Buses

TOTAL KILOMETRES TRAVELLED (million)

New South Wales
47,556
*306
538
Victoria
42,664
*340
345
Queensland
27,588
*473
465
South Australia
11,543
*65
136
Western Australia
15,435
*120
262
Tasmania
3,297
*38
40
Northern Territory
938
*9
74
Australian Capital Territory
2,723
*25
34
Australia
151,743
1,376
1,893

NUMBER OF VEHICLES(a)

New South Wales
3,179,234
99,252
16,608
Victoria
2,832,324
103,451
13,115
Queensland
1,911,224
81,912
14,029
South Australia
870,544
27,942
3,805
Western Australia
1,118,998
46,855
8,116
Tasmania
251,784
8,884
1,621
Northern Territory
67,624
3,296
1,911
Australian Capital Territory
183,433
6,884
828
Australia
10,415,165
378,475
60,033

(a) The average number of vehicles registered for the 12 months. Includes registered vehicles that did not travel during the reference period.

Source: Survey of Motor Vehicle Use, Australia, 12 months ended 31 October 2003 (9208.0).


Rail passenger activity

The passenger operations of rail operators are shown in table 22.11. The number of total urban passengers increased by 28% over the period 1992-93 to 2001-02. Between 2001-02 and 2002-03 urban heavy rail and tram/light rail passenger numbers decreased by 6% and 16% respectively, while non-urban passenger numbers fell by 25%. Between 2002-03 and 2003-04 the number of urban passengers using heavy rail rose marginally, while tram/light urban rail and non-urban rail numbers were unchanged. Heavy rail has consistently accounted for more than three-quarters of urban rail passenger operations.

22.11 RAIL PASSENGER OPERATIONS(a)

Urban

Heavy rail
Tram and light rail
Total
Non-urban
Total
million persons
million persons
million persons
million persons
million persons

1992-93
396
103
498
7
505
1993-94
402
106
507
8
516
1994-95
420
111
530
9
539
1995-96
441
116
556
9
566
1996-97
456
118
574
10
584
1997-98
457
121
578
10
588
1998-99
463
123
585
10
595
1999-2000
482
137
619
11
629
2000-01
498
137
634
12
646
2001-02
493
143
636
12
648
2002-03
466
120
586
9
595
2003-04
469
120
589
9
598

(a) Excludes tourist services.

Source: Australasian Railway Association Inc.


Domestic air passenger activity

At 30 June 2004 there were three major domestic airlines operating in Australia - Qantas, Virgin Blue and Jetstar - providing scheduled services to the major airports. Regional airlines provided connecting services to the regional airports. There are 256 regulated airports in Australia and its external territories.

Passenger departures were 14% higher in 2004, compared with 2003 (table 22.12), while the percentage of vacant seat kilometres increased from 20% to 21%. In 2004 domestic airlines accounted for 88% of total Australian domestic passenger departures, and regional airlines 12%.

22.12 DOMESTIC AIRLINE ACTIVITY

Units
1998
1999
2000(a)
2001(a)
2002(a)
2003(a)
2004(a)

Passenger departures(b)
Domestic airlines
'000
23,575
24,392
25,660
26,152
25,808
28,949
33,133
Regional airlines
'000
4,851
5,039
5,929
5,668
4,354
4,165
4,701
Total
'000
28,426
29,431
31,590
31,820
30,162
33,114
37,834
Other activity (domestic airlines only)
Passenger kilometres performed(c)
million
26,774
27,853
29,601
30,410
30,565
34,643
40,099
Seat kilometres available(d)
million
35,467
36,119
38,232
39,739
38,640
43,202
50,843
Percentage of vacant seat kilometres
%
24.5
22.9
22.6
23.5
20.9
19.8
21.1

(a) Includes estimates for regional airlines data.
(b) The unit of measurement is traffic on board (which includes transit traffic). Includes revenue passengers only.
(c) The sum for all flights of the number of passengers on each flight multiplied by the distance travelled.
(d) The sum for all flights of the number of seats on a flight multiplied by distance travelled.

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


The number of domestic passengers boarding airlines at the principal airports is shown in table 22.13. In 2004 all principal airports recorded increases in passenger movements compared with 2003. The strongest growth was recorded in Hobart and Coolangatta (25%), followed by Launceston (22%), Canberra (17%), and Darwin and Cairns (15%). Sydney recorded the lowest level of growth (10%).

22.13 DOMESTIC PASSENGER MOVEMENTS(a)

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
Principal airport
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

Sydney
(b)14,276
(b)14,882
16,241
(b)16,565
(b)15,188
(b)16,536
(b)18,233
Melbourne
11,429
(b)11,901
12,934
(b)13,266
(b)12,883
(b)14,021
(b)15,815
Brisbane
(b)7,438
(b)7,833
8,811
(b)9,946
(b)9,164
(b)10,105
(b)11,519
Adelaide
(b)3,789
(b)3,861
3,963
(b)4,182
(b)3,994
(b)4,384
(b)4,844
Perth
3,236
3,258
3,463
3,342
3,371
3,893
4,425
Canberra
1,805
1,901
2,041
(b)1,973
(b)1,885
(b)2,074
(b)2,434
Hobart
(b)856
(b)878
928
(b)996
(b)948
(b)1,102
(b)1,381
Darwin
854
(b)879
907
(b)848
(b)894
(b)924
(b)1,062
Cairns
1,916
(b)2,023
2,133
(b)2,025
(b)2,088
(b)2,247
(b)2,583
Coolangatta
1,889
(b)1,938
1,918
(b)1,832
(b)1,912
(b)2,143
(b)2,678
Townsville
(b)704
(b)740
772
(b)806
(b)781
(b)889
(b)1,004
Launceston
536
(b)545
532
(b)509
(b)570
(b)608
(b)743

(a) The number of passengers on board arriving at or departing from each airport. Includes passengers in transit, who are counted as both arrivals and departures at airports through which they transit.
(b) Includes estimates for unreported data.

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.

International air passenger activity

Passengers arriving, or departing, Australia, primarily travel by air.

Of total international passengers (19.4 million) carried to and from Australia in 2004 (table 22.14), 4.7 million travelled between Australia and New Zealand and 3.3 million travelled between Australia and Singapore.

22.14 SCHEDULED INTERNATIONAL PASSENGER TRAFFIC TO AND FROM AUSTRALIA - 2004
Inbound
Outbound
Total
Country to/from
'000 passengers
'000 passengers
'000 passengers

Argentina
16.1
16.1
32.2
Austria
91.1
91.9
183.0
Bahrain
49.3
52.0
101.3
Brunei
49.5
52.6
102.1
Canada
50.5
54.2
104.7
Chile
19.7
20.4
40.1
China (excl. SARs & Taiwan)
180.4
172.6
353.0
Fiji
219.4
223.2
442.6
France
7.9
7.5
15.4
Germany
39.5
39.0
78.5
Greece
0.3
-
0.3
Guam
13.4
14.0
27.4
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
692.3
665.9
1,358.2
India
13.3
14.3
27.5
Indonesia
393.0
396.8
789.8
Japan
849.6
838.5
1,688.1
Korea, Republic of (South)
212.2
204.6
416.8
Malaysia
529.0
518.3
1,047.3
Mauritius
19.2
18.5
37.7
Nauru
4.9
4.5
9.4
New Caledonia
62.5
60.9
123.3
New Zealand
2,312.8
2,352.4
4,665.2
Papua New Guinea
65.6
67.4
133.0
Philippines
80.9
78.4
159.3
Singapore
1,677.3
1,614.6
3,291.9
Solomon Islands
12.6
13.0
25.5
South Africa
111.7
100.2
212.0
Taiwan
101.9
102.3
204.1
Thailand
431.6
433.6
865.2
Tonga
2.8
2.4
5.2
United Kingdom
305.1
308.8
614.0
United Arab Emirates
288.5
282.1
570.6
United States of America
724.2
726.8
1,451.0
Vanuatu
34.4
34.2
68.6
Vietnam
39.3
74.6
114.0
Western Samoa
5.9
6.8
12.6
Total
9,707.6
9,663.5
19,371.1

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


Table 22.15 shows the number of international passengers who travelled through each of Australia's international airports. Sydney's share of total international passenger traffic was 46% in 2004, followed by Melbourne with 20%, and Brisbane with 17%. In 2004 Adelaide's international passenger numbers were 38% higher than in the previous year. International passenger numbers at the Gold Coast/Coolangatta airport were marginally lower (2%) in 2004 compared with 2003.

22.15 INTERNATIONAL PASSENGER TRAFFIC THROUGH AUSTRALIAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORTS

2002
2003
2004
Airport
'000 passengers
'000 passengers
'000 passengers

Sydney
8,006.8
7,929.8
8,951.8
Melbourne
3,313.8
3,199.5
3,936.4
Brisbane
2,493.1
2,549.4
3,266.5
Perth
1,636.4
1,586.6
1,827.4
Cairns
766.3
746.6
846.8
Adelaide
224.4
206.8
286.1
Darwin
103.2
77.7
98.4
Gold Coast/Coolangatta
113.1
138.9
136.4
Norfolk Island
15.9
15.3
19.2
Newcastle(a)
9.5
-
-
Canberra(b)
-
-
2.0
Total
16,682.4
16,450.7
19,371.1

(a) International operations commenced December 2001 and ceased September 2002.
(b) International operations commenced July 2004 and ceased September 2004.

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


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