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4613.0 - Australia's Environment: Issues and Trends, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 10/11/2006   
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Contents >> Preface & General Information


Australia's Environment: Issues and Trends 2006 is the 3rd edition in a series that presents a broad selection of environmental statistics and information on topical environmental issues. By drawing on a wide range of ABS statistics and statistics from other official sources, Australia's Environment: Issues and Trends describes major aspects of Australia’s environment and how these are changing over time. It is designed to assist and encourage informed decision-making, and to meet the information needs of a general readership.

The material presented in Australia's Environment: Issues and Trends 2006 is organised into two main parts. The first part explores an issue of major environmental concern – the feature in 2006 is solid waste. The second part covers major trends of relevance to the environment: population, human activities, landscape, atmosphere and water.

The opportunity has been taken to use the most recently available data to update analysis of topics examined in previous editions. The publication does not aim to present data on all environmental issues and other topics will be covered in future editions.

The production of this publication would not have been possible without the contributions of numerous organisations and individuals. The ABS is grateful for this help.

The ABS welcomes readers' suggestions on how the publication could be improved. To comment or to ask for more information, please contact the Director of the Centre of Environment and Energy Statistics at the address below.

Peter Harper
Acting Australian Statistician

Australian Bureau of Statistics
PO Box 10
Belconnen ACT 2616.



General inquiries about the content and interpretation of statistics in this publication should be addressed to:

Centre of Environment and Energy Statistics
PO Box 10
Belconnen ACT 2616

Telephone: Canberra (02) 6252 7348


Inquiries about the availability of more recent data from the ABS should be directed to the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.

There is a wealth of statistical information on the ABS website


A complete list of ABS publications produced in Canberra and each of the Regional Offices is contained in the ABS Catalogue of Publications and Products (cat. no. 1101.0), which is available from any ABS office or on the ABS website

In many cases, the ABS can also provide information which is available on request or which is historical or compiled from a variety of sources. Information of this kind may be obtained through the Information Consultancy Service. Charges are generally made for such information. The ABS also issues a daily release advice on the web site which details products to be released in the week ahead.


The following abbreviations have been used in this publication.

Australia, states and territories of Australia

NSWNew South Wales
SASouth Australia
WAWestern Australia
NTNorthern Territory
ACTAustralian Capital Territory

Other abbreviations

ABSAustralian Bureau of Statistics
EPAEnvironment Protection Authority/Agency
EFPenvironmentally friendly product
EPBC ActEnvironment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
EPHCEnvironment Protection and Heritage Council
GDPgross domestic product
GHGgreenhouse gas
HDPEhigh density polyethylene
HHWhousehold hazardous waste
IUCNWorld Conservation Union
LDPElow density polyethylene
LGALocal Government Area
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
NWINational Water Initiative
PMparticulate matter
RDFrefuse-derived fuel
SLAStatistical Local Area
UVultraviolet (radiation)


One billion = 1,000 million
One gigalitre (GL) = 1,000 megalitres (ML)
One megalitre (ML) = 1,000 kilolitres (kL)
One kilolitre (kL) = 1,000 litres (L)
One micrometre (m) = 1/1,000 millimetre
One microgram (g) = 1/1,000 milligram
One tonne (t) = 1,000 kilograms (kg)

Symbols and usages

    The following symbols and usages mean:

    CO2carbon dioxide
    CO2 -ecarbon dioxide equivalent
    Cdegrees Celsius
    $m million dollars
    $m GDPmillion dollars of gross domestic product
    $/cap dollars per person (per capita)
    GJ gigajoules of energy
    GL gigalitres
    ha hectares
    IEincluded elsewhere
    kL/cap kilolitres per person
    km2square kilometres
    mm millimetres
    ML megalitres
    Mt megatonnes
    g/m3micrograms per cubic metre
    mmicrometres (micron)
    N2Onitrous oxide
    nec not elsewhere classified
    n.a. not available
    n.p.not published
    nrno region
    p preliminary – figures or series subject to revision
    % per cent
    /capper person (per capita)
    PJpetajoules (of energy)
    ppmparts per million
    SO2sulphur dioxide
    SF6sulphur hexafluoride
    '000 tonnesthousand tonnes
    ‘000 hathousand hectares
    nil or rounded to zero
    Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sums of the component items and totals.

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