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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2005  
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Contents >> Education and training >> National and state education and training summary tables

National and state education and training summary tables

EDUCATION AND TRAINING: national summary

PARTICIPANTS
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1 School students(a)
'000
3,099
3,109
3,143
3,172
3,199
3,227
3,247
3,268
3,302
3,319
3,332
2 Students in government schools(a)
%
71.5
71.0
70.7
70.3
70.0
69.7
69.2
68.8
68.4
67.9
67.5
3 Females - of all Year 11 and 12 students(a)
%
51.4
51.8
51.8
51.8
52.0
52.1
52.1
51.8
51.5
51.4
51.6
4 Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate - males(b)
%
69.6
66.7
65.9
66.2
65.9
66.4
66.1
68.1
69.8
70.3
70.4
5 Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate - females(b)
%
79.9
77.9
77.0
77.8
77.7
78.5
78.7
79.1
80.7
80.7
81.2
6 Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate - Indigenous(b)
%
32.5
30.6
29.2
30.9
32.1
34.7
36.4
35.7
38.0
39.1
39.5
7 Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate - non-Indigenous(b)
%
76.5
73.2
72.4
72.9
72.7
73.2
73.3
74.5
76.3
76.5
76.8
8 Education participation - of all aged 15-19(c)
%
72.9
73.9
74.0
77.4
76.9
77.8
77.6
77.4
77.3
77.5
76.2
9 Education participation - of all aged 20-24(c)
%
26.6
28.0
31.5
31.0
32.1
34.4
34.4
34.8
37.2
37.5
37.7
10 Vocational Education and Training (VET) students(d)(e)(f)
'000
r1,117
r1,269
r1,341
r 1,449
r1,510
r1,615
r1,708
r1,679
r1,683
r1,718
n.y.a
11 Apprentices and trainees(g)
'000
131.0
r138.9
r157.2
r172.0
r193.0
r251.0
r271.3
r310.0
r351.8
r405.3
395.6
12 Females - of all VET students(d)(e)(f)
%
r44.8
r46.2
r46.5
r46.3
47.3
48.7
49.0
48.5
48.1
48.6
n.y.a.
13 Higher education students(h)
'000
585.4
604.2
634.1
658.8
671.9
686.3
695.5
r842.2
r896.6
930.0
n.y.a.
14 Females - of all higher education students(h)
%
53.5
53.9
54.3
54.4
54.7
55.0
55.2
54.4
54.4
54.4
n.y.a.
15 Overseas students - of all higher education students(h)(i)
%
6.9
7.6
8.4
9.6
10.7
12.1
13.7
18.7
20.6
22.6
n.y.a.


EDUCATION OUTCOMES
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 15-64 years(j)
16 Of all aged 15-64(k)(l)
%
39.0
41.0
42.3
40.4
41.9
43.7
43.8
47.2
48.2
49.1
50.9
17 Bachelor degree or above
%
11.5
11.9
12.8
13.6
14.3
15.4
15.7
17.0
17.8
18.1
18.9
18 Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
27.5
29.1
29.4
26.8
27.6
28.3
28.1
29.1
29.8
30.2
31.3
19 Females - of all with non-school educational qualifications
%
44.1
43.9
44.1
44.6
45.1
45.2
45.8
46.9
46.8
46.5
47.6
With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 25-64(j)
20 Of all aged 25-64(k)(l)
%
44.1
46.4
47.7
45.5
47.3
49.3
49.5
53.3
54.4
55.3
57.5
21 Bachelor degree or above
%
13.4
13.8
14.8
15.6
16.6
17.7
18.1
19.7
20.4
20.9
21.9
22 Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
30.8
32.6
32.9
29.9
30.7
31.7
31.4
32.3
33.2
33.4
34.7
23 Higher education students completing courses
'000
138.7
141.0
145.3
155.3
161.7
164.4
170.9
187.0
r200.7
215.1
n.y.a.
Without non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 15-64(j)
24 Of all aged 15-64(k)
%
61.0
59.0
57.7
59.6
58.1
56.3
56.2
52.8
51.8
50.9
49.1
25 Did not complete Year 12(m)
%
37.7
36.1
34.8
36.3
34.2
32.7
32.0
36.1
34.9
33.8
32.3
Reading - proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks(n)
26 Males
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
83.4(k)
85.2
87.8
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
27 Females
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
88.4(k)
89.6
92
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
Numeracy - proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks
28 Males
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
89.4
89.5
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
29 Females
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
89.8
89.8
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.

LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Unemployment rate (aged 15-64)
30 With non-school educational qualifications(j)(k)(l)
%
6.1
5.5
5.3
5.4
5.0
4.6
4.4
4.6
4.2
4.3
3.8
31 Bachelor degree or above
%
4.7
3.6
3.8
3.5
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.8
2.7
3.1
3.0
32 Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
6.7
6.3
6.0
6.5
6.0
5.5
5.2
5.7
5.1
5.0
4.3
33 Without non-school educational qualifications(k)
%
13.0
11.1
11.3
11.6
10.9
10.3
9.1
9.6
9.1
8.6
8.0
34 Completed Year 12(m)
%
11.0
9.9
10.0
8.9
8.6
7.7
7.2
7.5
7.0
6.4
6.6
35 Did not complete Year 12(m)
%
13.9
11.7
12.0
13.0
12.2
11.8
10.3
10.8
10.3
10.0
9.0

FINANCIAL RESOURCES
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999(o)
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Government expenses on education(p)
36 Proportion of GDP(o)
%
4.7
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.4
5.2
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
n.y.a.
37 Primary and secondary(o)
$'000m
12.2
12.5
13.0
13.9
14.7
17.3
18.2
19.5
21.3
23.3
n.y.a.
38 Tertiary(o)
$'000m
7.1
7.6
7.6
8.1
8.0
11.7
12.1
12.8
13.6
15.1
n.y.a.

HUMAN RESOURCES
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

FTE Student/teaching staff ratio
39 All schools (q)
ratio
15.5
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
15.0
14.9
14.7
14.7
14.5
14.3
40 Government schools (q)
ratio
15.4
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
14.9
14.9
14.7
14.8
14.6
14.5
41 Primary schools (q)
ratio
18.5
18.2
18.1
17.9
17.9
17.3
17.3
17.0
16.9
16.6
16.4
42 Secondary schools (q)
ratio
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.8
12.8
12.7
12.6
12.5
12.5
12.4
12.3
43 Higher education
ratio
14.7
15.1
15.9
17.3
18.0
18.0
18.3
18.7
19.5
n.y.a.
20.1
Female teachers/academic staff
44 Of all primary school teachers
%
74.7
76.1
76.2
76.9
77.5
78.0
78.3
78.7
79.1
79.1
79.4
45 Of all secondary school teachers
%
51.3
52.3
52.6
53.1
53.5
54.1
54.4
54.9
55.1
55.3
55.6
46 Of all higher education academic staff(s)
%
32.8
33.5
34.1
34.4
35.1
35.5
36.3
37.5
38.1
38.7
39.5

PROVIDERS
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

47 Schools
no.
9,679
9,648
9,630
9,609
9,587
9,590
9,609
r9,515
r9,612
9,607
9,615
48 Government schools - of all schools
%
74.0
73.8
73.6
73.2
73.0
72.7
72.6
r72.3
r72.3
72.1
72.2

(a) Refers to full-time students only.
(b) Refers to the number of full-time students in Year 12 divided by the number of full-time students in the first year of secondary school (Year 7 in NSW, the ACT,Vic. and Tas.; Year 8 in Qld, SA, the NT and WA) when the Year 12 cohort began secondary school. Care should be taken in interpreting apparent retention rates as they do not account for students repeating a year or migrating into or out of the relevant school student population.
(c) Data for 1994 refer to courses leading to recognised qualifications only.
(d) Data since 1994 has been revised by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research to account for changes in scope.
(e) Community education providers were included in the collection from 1995, private providers were included from 1996, and VET in schools was included from 1997 to 2001.
(f) In 2003 Queensland introduced a unique student identifier for all students covered by the collection which creates an apparent reduction in overall student numbers when compared with previous annual collections.
(g) Data since 1995 has been revised following a major review of the estimation method. Under the new method, data will not be finalised for eight quarters after initial estimation.
(h) The scope of the data in 2002 is different to that used for reporting students in previous publications in the Selected Higher Education Statistics series. 2001 data has been recalculated by the Department of Education, Science and Training to align with the change in scope. Refer to Students 2002: Selected Higher Education Statistics for more detail.
(i) Prior to 1996, New Zealand students were counted as being overseas students.
(j) There have been three major breaks in the series between 1994 and 2004. The breaks listed below are considered to have impacted on the comparability of data relating to qualifications. In 1994 qualifications of nurses were treated separately, in 1997 prompt cards were no longer used and computer assisted coding methodology was adopted, resulting in changes in the relative distribution within vocational education qualifications, and in 2001, the Australian Bureau of Statistics Classification of Qualifications (ABSCQ) was replaced by the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED) (ABS cat. no. 1272.0).
(k) Estimates refer to recognised qualifications only.
(l) Includes persons who have a qualification where the level can not be determined.
(m) Includes persons who are still at school.
(n) In 1999, data do not include a number of Queensland students, who were formally exempted from testing.
(o) Series break due to the introduction of Accrual Accounting in the 1998-99 financial year. Data for the 1998-99 financial year onwards are not comparable with the cash-based estimates in previous financial years.
(p) Prior to 1998-99, this indicator refers to cash outlays on education including capital outlays. From 1998-99 onwards, when accrual accounting was implemented in Government Finance Statistics (GFS), this indicator refers to Operating Expenses and does not include a capital component.
(q) FTE student/teaching staff ratios are calculated by dividing the number of FTE students by the number of FTE teaching staff. Student/teaching staff ratios should not be used as a measure of class size. They do not take account of teacher aides and other non-teaching staff who may also assist in the delivery of school education.
(s) Data cover full-time and fractional full-time staff but exclude casual academic staff.

Reference periods:
Data for indicators 1-7, 39-42, 44-45 and 47-48 are at August, except for 1992-1994 (July).
Data for indicators 8-9, 16-22, 24-25 and 30-35 are at May.
Data for indicators 10-12 are at 30 June.
Data for indicators 13-15, 23, 43 and 46 are at 31 August from 2002 and 31 March prior to 2002.
Data for indicators 26-29 are at August.
Data for indicators 36-38 are for the financial year ending 30 June.

EDUCATION AND TRAINING: state summary

PARTICIPANTS( a )
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

1 School students(b)
'000
2004
1 107
822
639
249
336
82
37
60
3 332
2 Students in government schools(b)
%
2004
67.2
65.2
70.2
66.7
68.4
73.8
76.5
59.9
67.5
3 Females - of all Year 11 and 12 students(b)
%
2004
52.1
52.0
51.1
51.8
50.8
52.6
50.5
49.2
51.6
4 Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate - males(c)
%
2004
66.2
74.4
77.0
61.2
67.9
64.2
54.9
89.6
70.4
5 Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate - females(c)
%
2004
76.2
88.2
85.7
75.1
77.5
82.0
63.1
87.3
81.2
6 Education participation - of all aged 15-19
%
2004
78.0
83.0
70.7
69.7
70.3
73.4
55.8
82.6
76.2
7 Education participation - of all aged 20-24
%
2004
39.1
43.8
32.3
31.8
33.4
30.2
*25.0
44.1
37.7
8 Vocational Education and Training (VET) students(d)(e)
'000
2003
588.4
511.2
297.6
112.7
130.4
35.8
19.9
21.8
1 717.8
9 Apprentices and trainees
'000
2004
122.2
120.4
71.5
32.7
26.1
13.9
2.8
5.9
395.6
10 Females - of all VET students(d)(e)
%
2003
50.0
49.0
45.2
50.0
47.8
43.9
48.2
51.8
48.6
11 Higher education students(f)(g)
'000
2003
300.2
236.8
175.7
63.0
92.6
16.5
6.3
26.7
930.0
12 Females - of all higher education students(f)(g)
%
2003
54.0
53.6
54.3
56.1
56.0
50.1
65.8
50.6
54.4
13 Overseas students - of all higher education students(f)(g)
%
2003
22.0
25.5
21.2
23.4
25.2
12.5
4.5
18.8
22.6

EDUCATION OUTCOMES
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 15-64 years
14 Of all aged 15-64(h)(i)
%
2004
53.4
50.3
48.7
48.6
49.9
44.4
51.8
57.8
50.9
15 Bachelor degree or above
%
2004
20.1
21.0
16.0
15.8
16.8
13.9
18.3
30.3
18.9
16 Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
2004
32.5
28.7
32.1
32.1
32.4
29.6
32.1
27.1
31.3
17 Females - all with non-school educational qualifications
%
2004
47.9
48.0
47.1
46.7
47.0
46.7
44.4
49.8
47.6
With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 25-64
18 Of all aged 25-64(h)(i)
%
2004
60.9
56.6
54.9
54.2
55.9
49.2
57.3
67.5
57.5
19 Bachelor degree or above
%
2004
23.4
24.4
18.3
18.4
19.4
15.8
20.4
36.3
21.9
20Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
2004
36.4
31.5
35.9
35.1
35.5
32.4
35.3
30.8
34.7
21 Higher education students completing courses(j)(f)
'000
2003
70.5
56.0
37.2
15.5
21.6
3.7
1.0
6.8
215.1
Without non-school educational qualifications
22 Of all aged 15-64(h)(i)
%
2004
46.6
49.7
51.3
51.4
50.1
55.6
48.2
42.2
49.1
23 Did not complete Year 12(k)
%
2004
29.9
32.4
34.2
36.3
32.9
44.1
34.6
20.7
32.3
Reading - proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks
24 Males
%
2001
90.5
88.7
80.1
86.5
93.2
92.2
71.0
92.9
87.8
25 Females
%
2001
93.5
93.1
86.3
91.6
95.9
96.6
72.2
96.4
92.0
Numeracy - proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks
26 Males
%
2001
91.5
94.4
82.2
85.6
89.7
91.2
69.2
92.2
89.5
27 Females
%
2001
91.8
94.9
81.9
86.2
90.3
92.2
68.3
94.0
89.8

LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

Unemployment rate (aged 15-64)
28 With non-school educational qualifications(h)(i)
%
2004
3.7
4.1
3.7
4.3
3.5
4.0
*1.9
2.0
3.8
29 Bachelor degree or above
%
2004
3.0
2.9
3.0
2.7
3.4
*4.7
**
*1.7
3.0
30 Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
2004
4.2
5.0
4.2
5.2
3.6
3.7
**
*2.3
4.3
31 Without non-school educational qualifications(h)
%
2004
8.5
7.5
8.2
8.6
7.4
8.5
7.8
6.4
8.0
32 Completed Year 12(k)
%
2004
6.8
5.8
7.8
5.5
6.0
*5.9
**
6.5
6.6
33 Did not complete Year 12(k)
%
2004
9.6
8.6
8.4
10.2
8.3
9.3
*9.2
*6.3
9.0

HUMAN RESOURCES
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

FTE Student/teaching staff ratio
34 All schools (l)
ratio
2004
14.6
14.0
14.4
14.6
14.3
14.5
12.8
13.7
14.3
35 Government schools (l)
ratio
2004
14.8
14.2
14.4
14.6
14.3
14.6
12.6
13.0
14.5
36 Primary schools (l)
ratio
2004
17.1
16.3
15.7
16.5
16.4
16.2
14.2
15.4
16.4
37 Secondary schools (l)
ratio
2004
12.3
12.0
12.8
12.3
12.0
12.9
10.6
12.2
12.3
38 Higher education(f)(g)
ratio
2003
20.0
19.9
22.1
18.4
19.8
19.0
20.9
16.9
20.1
Female teachers/academic staff
39 Of all primary school teachers
%
2004
80.1
80.1
78.2
77.0
79.4
78.6
82.0
83.2
79.4
40 Of all secondary school teachers
%
2004
55.3
57.3
56.5
49.9
53.4
54.7
60.1
60.3
55.6
41 Of all higher education academic staff(g)(m)
%
2004
38.0
42.6
38.3
40.2
38.9
36.3
50.4
32.3
39.5

PROVIDERS
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

42 Schools
no.
2004
3 097
2 308
1 733
809
1 064
280
185
139
9 615
43 Government schools - of all schools
%
2004
70.8
70.1
74.1
75.3
72.8
76.4
81.1
69.1
72.2

(a) Estimates for Northern Territory refer to mainly urban areas only for indicators 6-7, 14-20, 22-23 and 28-33.
(b) Refers to full-time students only.
(c) Refers to the number of full-time students in Year 12 divided by the number of full-time students in the first year of secondary school (Year 7 in NSW, the ACT, Vic. and Tas.; Year 8 in Qld, SA, the NT and WA) when the Year 12 cohort began secondary school. Care should be taken in interpreting apparent retention rates as they do not account for students repeating a year or migrating into or out of the relevant school student population.
(d) Excludes VET in schools and students who were granted credit transfer for all of their 2003 enrolment activity.
(e) In 2003 Queensland introduced a unique student identifier for all students covered by the collection which creates an apparent reduction in overall student numbers when compared with previous annual collections.
(f) State and territory totals exclude students of the Australian Catholic University which has campuses in more than one state or territory.
(g) Australian total includes multi-state universities.
(h) Estimates refer to recognised qualifications only.
(i) Includes persons who have a qualification where the level can not be determined.
(j) Excludes VET in schools.
(k) Includes persons who are still at school.
(l) FTE student/teaching staff ratios are calculated by dividing the number of FTE students by the number of FTE teaching staff. Student/teaching staff ratios should not be used as a measure of class size. They do not take account of teacher aides and other non-teaching staff who may also assist in the delivery of school education.
(m) Data cover full-time and fractional full-time staff but exclude casual academic staff.

Reference periods:
Data for indicators 6-7, 14-20, 22-23 and 28-33 are at May.
Data for indicators 8-10 are at 30 June.
Data for all other indicators are at August.


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