Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2009–10
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/06/2010
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COUNTRY OF BIRTH
The past 25-30 years have seen patterns of immigration change and the diversity of countries of birth increase. Of the overseas-born population, the United Kingdom remains the largest source country, despite having fallen from 34% of the overseas-born population in 1981 to 21% in 2008. Some of the older migrant streams, such as people born in Italy and Greece, have declined in absolute numbers as their populations aged and the number of deaths exceeded net gains in population from more recent migration.
In contrast, over the same time frame, the New Zealand-born population living in Australia nearly trebled, and in 2008 was the second largest overseas-born group making up 9% of the overseas-born population. Some other migrant streams that have increased their proportion over recent decades include those born in China, India, the Philippines, South Africa, and Malaysia (see table 7.33). For example, the China-born population increased twelve fold, from 25,200 people in 1981 to 313,600 people in 2008 (making up 6% of the overseas-born population from 1% in 1981). The India-born population increased its share from 1% in 1981 (41,000 people) to 4% in 2008 (239,300 people).
The 2006 Census data show that 26% of people born in Australia had at least one overseas-born parent. Of these, 44% had both parents born overseas, 34% had their father (but not their mother) born overseas and 23% had their mother (but not their father) born overseas (graph 7.34).
This page last updated 21 January 2013
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