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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/07/2006   
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Health


LIFE EXPECTANCY

Life expectancy
at birth(b)
Healthy life expectancy at birth(c)


Reference
year
Infant mortality
rate(a)(b)
Males
Females
Reference
year
Males
Females
Country
rate
years
years
years
years

Australia
2005–2010
5
78.5
83.4
2002
70.9
74.3
Canada
2005–2010
5
78.2
83.1
2002
70.1
74.0
China
2005–2010
31
70.8
74.6
2002
63.1
65.2
France
2005–2010
4
76.6
83.5
2002
69.3
74.7
Greece
2005–2010
6
76.1
81.3
2002
69.1
72.9
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2005–2010
4
79.3
85.1
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
2005–2010
34
67.0
70.5
2002
57.4
58.9
Italy
2005–2010
5
77.5
83.6
2002
70.7
74.7
Japan
2005–2010
3
79.1
86.4
2002
72.3
77.7
Korea (Republic of)
2005–2010
4
74.5
81.9
2002
64.8
70.8
Malaysia
2005–2010
9
71.9
76.5
2002
61.6
64.8
New Zealand
2005–2010
5
77.7
82.0
2002
69.5
72.2
Papua New Guinea
2005–2010
64
56.6
57.8
2002
51.4
52.4
Singapore
2005–2010
3
77.6
81.3
2002
68.8
71.3
Sweden
2005–2010
3
78.6
83.0
2002
71.9
74.8
United Kingdom
2005–2010
5
76.7
81.2
2002
69.1
72.1
United States of America
2005–2010
7
75.2
80.6
2002
67.2
71.3
Viet Nam
2005–2010
26
69.9
73.9
2002
59.8
62.9

(a) Per 1,000 live births.
(b) Medium variant projection.
(c) Healthy life expectancy is based on life expectancy, but indicates an adjustment for time spent in poor health. This indicator measures the equivalent number of years in full health that a newborn child can expect to live based on current mortality rates and prevalence distribution of health states in the population.

Source: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, last viewed 17 May 2006,
<
<http://esa.un.org/unpp/>>; The World Health Organization, The World Health Report 2004: Changing History, last viewed 23 May 2006, <http://www.who.int/whr/2004/annex/topic/annex4.xls>.



HEALTH SERVICES AND EXPENDITURE

Reference
year
Health expenditure
as % of GDP
Health expenditure
per capita(a)
Reference
year
Doctors per
1,000
population
Reference
year
Acute hospital
beds per 1,000 population
Country
%
$US '000
no.
no.

Australia
2003
9.5
2.9
2003
2.5
2003
3.6
Canada
2003
9.9
3.0
2003
2.1
2003
3.2
China
2003
5.6
0.3
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
France
2003
10.1
2.9
2003
3.4
2003
3.8
Greece
2003
9.9
2.0
2003
4.4
. .
n.a.
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Indonesia
2003
3.1
0.1
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Italy
2003
8.4
2.3
2003
4.1
2003
3.9
Japan
2003
7.9
2.2
2003
2.0
2003
8.5
Korea (Republic of)
2003
5.6
1.1
2003
1.6
2003
5.9
Malaysia
2003
3.8
0.4
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
New Zealand
2003
8.1
1.9
2003
2.2
. .
n.a.
Papua New Guinea
2003
3.4
0.1
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Singapore
2003
4.5
1.2
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Sweden
2003
9.4
2.7
2003
3.3
2003
2.4
United Kingdom
2003
8.0
2.4
2003
2.2
2003
3.7
United States of America
2003
15.2
5.7
2003
2.3
2003
2.8
Viet Nam
2003
5.4
0.2
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.

(a) The per capita values are presented in international dollar estimates (using US dollars), derived by dividing each country's health expenditure by an estimate of its purchasing power parity (PPP) compared with US dollars, i.e. a rate or measure that minimises the consequences of differences in price levels existing between countries.

Source: The World Health Organisation 2006, The World Health Report 2006: Working together for health, last viewed 17 May 2006, <www.who.int/whr/2006/annex/06_annex2_en.pdf>, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2004, OECD Health Data 2004: A comparative analysis of 30 countries, last viewed 23 May 2006, <http://ocde.p4.siteinternet.com/publications/doifiles/012005061T002.xls>.



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