Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2003
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2003
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Clubs, pubs, taverns and bars
Along with the accommodation industry, the clubs, pubs, taverns and bars industries are important elements of the tourism and hospitality sector. The clubs industry covers businesses mainly engaged in the provision of hospitality services to members, while the pubs, taverns and bars industry covers businesses which mainly sell alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises.
At 30 June 2001, there were 2,911 organisations in the hospitality clubs industry, a decrease of 8% in the three years since June 1998 (table 21.8). These organisations employed 64,990 persons at 30 June 2001, comprising 34,020 permanent staff and 30,970 casual staff. The major occupations of employees in the hospitality clubs industry were bar managers and bar staff (23,544 persons), catering staff (11,145 persons) and gaming staff and cashiers (10,141 persons).
The total income for organisations in the hospitality clubs industry was $6,297m in 2000-01, with gambling income of $3,835m being the main source of income, representing 61% of total industry income. Other major sources of income for the industry were the sale of liquor and other beverages of $1,407m (22% of industry income) and takings from the sale of meals and food of $547m (9% of industry income).
In 2000-01, the hospitality clubs industry incurred total expenses of $5,925m, with labour costs being the most significant at $1,777m, representing 30% of total expenses.
There were 4,003 businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry at 30 June 2001, a 12% decrease since June 1998 when there were 4,540 businesses operating. Despite the decrease in businesses, employment increased by 7% from 78,654 persons in June 1998 to 84,158 persons in June 2001.
Total income for the industry in 2000-01 was $9,007m. The major sources of income were from the sale of liquor and other beverages ($5,682m) and gambling income ($2,121m). Gambling income increased by 64% over the 1997-98 figure of $1,296m.
Total expenses of businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry were $8,344m, with the main items of expenditure being purchases of liquor and other beverages of $3,270m and labour costs of $1,776m.
For 2000-01, the operating profit before tax for the industry was $709m, which represented an operating profit margin of 7.9%, a slight decrease on the operating profit margin of 8.3% recorded for 1997-98.
Cafes and restaurants
Another important industry in the hospitality sector is the cafes and restaurants industry. This includes businesses mainly engaged in operating cafes and restaurants for consumption of meals on the premises and businesses mainly engaged in catering services. Businesses mainly engaged in selling takeaway food are excluded.
At 30 June 1999 there were 12,845 employing businesses in the cafes and restaurants industry (table 21.9). These businesses operated at 14,199 locations, comprising 4,552 licensed cafes and restaurants, 1,891 licensed and BYO cafes and restaurants, 2,748 BYO cafes and restaurants and 3,291 unlicensed cafes and restaurants. In addition, there were 1,716 locations operated by catering businesses. At 30 June 1999 the cafes and restaurants in the industry had 1,057,100 seats available for consuming food on the premises, which represented an average of 85 seats per cafe and restaurant location.
During 1998-99, businesses in the cafes and restaurants industry generated $7,174m in income. Over half of this income (55%) was generated from sales of meals consumed on the premises. Sales of beverages accounted for a further $1,117m (16%) while catering services generated $1,265m (18%) of total income.
Total expenses of businesses in the industry during 1998-99 were $6,805m. The two largest expense items were purchases ($2,917m) and labour costs ($2,109m), which represented 43% and 31% respectively of total expenses.
During 1998-99, the industry recorded an operating profit before tax of $334m, representing an operating profit margin of 4.8%. The operating profit before tax (excluding caterers) represented an annual return per available seat of $251.
At 30 June 1999 total employment in the cafes and restaurants industry was 152,107 persons, of whom 63,093 (41%) were waiters and waitresses. Just over half (51%) of persons working in the industry were casuals, which was reflected in the average labour cost per employee of $15,000.
This page last updated 20 January 2006
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