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8104.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia, 2006-07 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/10/2008   
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1 Expenditure on R&D(a), summary statistics - 2004-05 to 2006-07

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
$'000
$'000
$'000
%
%
%

Employment size
0-4 persons
297 384
347 341
379 975
3.4
3.4
3.2
5-19 persons
829 694
990 921
990 199
9.6
9.6
8.2
20-199 persons
1 810 292
2 123 125
2 284 380
20.9
20.5
19.0
200 or more persons
5 739 086
6 871 642
8 380 961
66.1
66.5
69.6
Type of expenditure
Capital expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
99 724
107 258
106 151
1.1
1.0
0.9
Other capital expenditure
451 178
582 736
685 542
5.2
5.6
5.7
Total
550 902
689 994
791 693
6.3
6.7
6.6
Current expenditure
Labour costs
3 441 573
3 891 469
4 224 939
39.7
37.7
35.1
Other current expenditure
4 683 981
5 751 566
7 018 883
54.0
55.7
58.3
Total
8 125 554
9 643 035
11 243 822
93.7
93.3
93.4
Source of funds
Own funds
7 851 827
9 445 202
10 913 001
90.5
91.4
90.7
Other business
195 272
222 367
310 307
2.3
2.2
2.6
Commonwealth government
335 453
388 245
421 174
3.9
3.8
3.5
State and local government
30 445
31 860
74 853
0.4
0.3
0.6
Other Australian(c)
57 992
60 948
48 083
0.7
0.6
0.4
Overseas
205 466
184 408
268 097
2.4
1.8
2.2
Location of expenditure
New South Wales
3 235 611
3 384 742
3 812 707
37.3
32.8
31.7
Victoria
2 418 126
3 012 325
3 321 622
27.9
29.2
27.6
Queensland
1 073 255
1 319 714
1 639 889
12.4
12.8
13.6
South Australia
542 508
642 595
834 419
6.3
6.2
6.9
Western Australia
1 089 096
1 551 980
1 934 035
12.6
15.0
16.1
Tasmania
78 746
80 324
102 234
0.9
0.8
0.8
Northern Territory
40 715
101 566
108 616
0.5
1.0
0.9
Australian Capital Territory
77 503
99 295
94 178
0.9
1.0
0.8
Overseas
120 897
140 488
187 815
1.4
1.4
1.6
Type of activity
Pure basic research
58 933
67 446
73 615
0.7
0.7
0.6
Strategic basic research
319 525
422 523
662 317
3.7
4.1
5.5
Applied research
2 828 320
3 452 600
3 932 934
32.6
33.4
32.7
Experimental development
5 469 678
6 390 461
7 366 649
63.0
61.8
61.2
Total expenditure on R&D
8 676 456
10 333 029
12 035 515
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) 2004-05 and 2005-06 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.
(b) Changes to the survey scope were implemented in 2005-06 and may impact comparability of previous data. See Explanatory Notes 12 and 13.
(c) Includes funding from Joint business/government, Higher education and Private non-profit organisations.

2 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - values and proportions - 2005-06 and 2006-07

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
2005-06
2006-07
2005-06
2006-07
$'000
$'000
%
%

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
99 545
117 611
1.0
1.0
Mining
1 794 686
2 540 723
17.4
21.1
Manufacturing
3 717 741
3 780 244
36.0
31.4
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
113 887
147 768
1.1
1.2
Construction
401 898
399 765
3.9
3.3
Wholesale trade
675 923
822 184
6.5
6.8
Retail trade
47 730
73 488
0.5
0.6
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
117 552
117 350
1.1
1.0
Information media & telecommunications
445 954
787 311
4.3
6.5
Financial & insurance services
913 218
1 002 507
8.8
8.3
Rental, hiring & real estate services
17 677
34 822
0.2
0.3
Professional, scientific & technical services
1 805 095
2 012 209
17.5
16.7
Administrative & support services
59 537
70 301
0.6
0.6
Public administration & safety
9 523
np
0.1
np
Education & training
np
7 780
np
0.1
Health care & social assistance
40 924
41 054
0.4
0.3
Arts & recreation services
16 730
16 654
0.2
0.1
Other services
41 313
44 687
0.4
0.4
Total
10 333 029
12 035 515
100.0
100.0

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

3 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by employment size

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-199 persons
200 or more persons
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
13 730
22 702
39 565
41 614
117 611
Mining
45 052
154 139
270 488
2 071 044
2 540 723
Manufacturing
86 864
166 700
739 500
2 787 180
3 780 244
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
3 091
8 817
8 463
127 397
147 768
Construction
5 162
15 475
77 537
301 591
399 765
Wholesale trade
14 439
50 434
142 754
614 557
822 184
Retail trade
3 067
12 951
16 709
40 761
73 488
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
2 116
5 300
15 511
94 423
117 350
Information media & telecommunications
11 105
17 023
49 120
710 063
787 311
Financial & insurance services
13 087
15 558
49 165
924 697
1 002 507
Rental, hiring & real estate services
6 541
8 291
7 584
12 406
34 822
Professional, scientific & technical services
163 318
476 773
821 440
550 678
2 012 209
Administrative & support services
1 807
5 691
10 603
52 200
70 301
Public administration & safety
np
1 219
1 012
np
np
Education & training
np
2 321
np
-
7 780
Health care & social assistance
2 097
12 461
12 609
13 887
41 054
Arts & recreation services
831
1 037
np
np
16 654
Other services
np
13 307
14 796
np
44 687
Total
379 975
990 199
2 284 380
8 380 961
12 035 515

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
11 332
12 926
35 123
40 164
99 545
Mining
44 074
118 411
260 636
1 371 565
1 794 686
Manufacturing
71 631
183 802
734 561
2 727 747
3 717 741
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
4 282
6 156
5 251
98 198
113 887
Construction
7 987
15 299
59 486
319 126
401 898
Wholesale trade
19 721
49 175
120 034
486 993
675 923
Retail trade
1 906
14 048
14 523
17 253
47 730
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
8 107
6 429
14 175
88 841
117 552
Information media & telecommunications
4 959
22 572
42 294
376 129
445 954
Financial & insurance services
13 836
19 427
65 545
814 410
913 218
Rental, hiring & real estate services
5 192
np
6 455
np
17 677
Professional, scientific & technical services
140 169
507 113
714 602
443 211
1 805 095
Administrative & support services
5 052
6 189
9 870
38 426
59 537
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
np
9 523
Education & training
943
1 042
np
-
np
Health care & social assistance
2 601
10 054
17 764
10 505
40 924
Arts & recreation services
933
2 014
np
np
16 730
Other services
np
11 370
13 589
np
41 313
Total
347 341
990 921
2 123 125
6 871 642
10 333 029

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

4 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by employment size: proportions

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-199 persons
200 or more persons
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
11.7
19.3
33.6
35.4
100.0
Mining
1.8
6.1
10.6
81.5
100.0
Manufacturing
2.3
4.4
19.6
73.7
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
2.1
6.0
5.7
86.2
100.0
Construction
1.3
3.9
19.4
75.4
100.0
Wholesale trade
1.8
6.1
17.4
74.7
100.0
Retail trade
4.2
17.6
22.7
55.5
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.8
4.5
13.2
80.5
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
1.4
2.2
6.2
90.2
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.3
1.6
4.9
92.2
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
18.8
23.8
21.8
35.6
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
8.1
23.7
40.8
27.4
100.0
Administrative & support services
2.6
8.1
15.1
74.3
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
29.8
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
5.1
30.4
30.7
33.8
100.0
Arts & recreation services
5.0
6.2
np
np
100.0
Other services
np
29.8
33.1
np
100.0
Total
3.2
8.2
19.0
69.6
100.0

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
11.4
13.0
35.3
40.3
100.0
Mining
2.5
6.6
14.5
76.4
100.0
Manufacturing
1.9
4.9
19.8
73.4
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
3.8
5.4
4.6
86.2
100.0
Construction
2.0
3.8
14.8
79.4
100.0
Wholesale trade
2.9
7.3
17.8
72.0
100.0
Retail trade
4.0
29.4
30.4
36.1
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
6.9
5.5
12.1
75.6
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
1.1
5.1
9.5
84.3
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.5
2.1
7.2
89.2
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
29.4
np
36.5
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
7.8
28.1
39.6
24.6
100.0
Administrative & support services
8.5
10.4
16.6
64.5
100.0
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
np
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
6.4
24.6
43.4
25.7
100.0
Arts & recreation services
5.6
12.0
np
np
100.0
Other services
np
27.5
32.9
np
100.0
Total
3.4
9.6
20.5
66.5
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

5 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of expenditure

Capital expenditure
Current expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
Other capital expenditure
Total
Labour costs
Other current expenditure
Total
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
3 600
6 839
10 439
37 246
69 926
107 172
117 611
Mining
7 135
194 045
201 180
331 901
2 007 642
2 339 543
2 540 723
Manufacturing
46 770
219 542
266 312
1 571 827
1 942 105
3 513 932
3 780 244
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
7 646
31 391
39 038
40 029
68 701
108 730
147 768
Construction
5 797
9 823
15 620
87 884
296 260
384 145
399 765
Wholesale trade
5 994
43 913
49 907
331 176
441 101
772 277
822 184
Retail trade
262
1 629
1 892
38 587
33 010
71 596
73 488
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
1 422
7 152
8 574
52 446
56 330
108 776
117 350
Information media & telecommunications
1 443
16 764
18 207
208 193
560 911
769 104
787 311
Financial & insurance services
np
np
53 894
295 571
653 042
948 613
1 002 507
Rental, hiring & real estate services
731
4 681
5 412
12 679
16 731
29 410
34 822
Professional, scientific & technical services
17 693
87 358
105 051
1 131 484
775 674
1 907 158
2 012 209
Administrative & support services
182
2 809
2 991
32 478
34 832
67 310
70 301
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
2 038
np
np
np
Education & training
np
np
1 267
4 776
1 737
6 513
7 780
Health care & social assistance
218
2 856
3 074
18 846
19 134
37 980
41 054
Arts & recreation services
-
799
799
np
np
15 855
16 654
Other services
2 186
3 891
6 078
17 575
21 035
38 609
44 687
Total
106 151
685 542
791 693
4 224 939
7 018 883
11 243 822
12 035 515

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
2 808
4 712
7 520
30 558
61 467
92 025
99 545
Mining
14 164
120 559
134 723
284 343
1 375 620
1 659 963
1 794 686
Manufacturing
41 924
242 717
284 641
1 499 425
1 933 675
3 433 100
3 717 741
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
6 283
23 592
29 875
32 091
51 921
84 012
113 887
Construction
3 152
6 416
9 568
75 604
316 726
392 330
401 898
Wholesale trade
4 021
36 264
40 285
315 666
319 972
635 638
675 923
Retail trade
382
1 374
1 756
23 984
21 989
45 974
47 730
Accommodation & food services
-
np
np
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
504
14 197
14 701
37 247
65 604
102 851
117 552
Information media & telecommunications
2 320
11 717
14 036
178 477
253 441
431 918
445 954
Financial & insurance services
3 889
31 851
35 740
319 222
558 256
877 478
913 218
Rental, hiring & real estate services
142
1 871
2 013
7 156
8 508
15 664
17 677
Professional, scientific & technical services
21 768
68 642
90 410
1 007 806
706 879
1 714 685
1 805 095
Administrative & support services
942
4 203
5 145
31 498
22 894
54 392
59 537
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
3 630
np
np
9 523
Education & training
np
287
np
np
np
2 603
np
Health care & social assistance
2 366
2 708
5 073
17 976
17 874
35 851
40 924
Arts & recreation services
np
np
1 624
5 665
9 441
15 106
16 730
Other services
np
np
9 864
15 050
16 399
31 449
41 313
Total
107 258
582 736
689 994
3 891 469
5 751 566
9 643 035
10 333 029

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

6 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of expenditure: proportions

Capital expenditure
Current expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
Other capital expenditure
Total
Labour costs
Other current expenditure
Total
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
3.1
5.8
8.9
31.7
59.5
91.1
100.0
Mining
0.3
7.6
7.9
13.1
79.0
92.1
100.0
Manufacturing
1.2
5.8
7.0
41.6
51.4
93.0
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
5.2
21.2
26.4
27.1
46.5
73.6
100.0
Construction
1.5
2.5
3.9
22.0
74.1
96.1
100.0
Wholesale trade
0.7
5.3
6.1
40.3
53.6
93.9
100.0
Retail trade
0.4
2.2
2.6
52.5
44.9
97.4
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.2
6.1
7.3
44.7
48.0
92.7
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.2
2.1
2.3
26.4
71.2
97.7
100.0
Financial & insurance services
np
np
5.4
29.5
65.1
94.6
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
2.1
13.4
15.5
36.4
48.0
84.5
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
0.9
4.3
5.2
56.2
38.5
94.8
100.0
Administrative & support services
0.3
4.0
4.3
46.2
49.5
95.7
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
np
16.3
61.4
22.3
83.7
100.0
Health care & social assistance
0.5
7.0
7.5
45.9
46.6
92.5
100.0
Arts & recreation services
-
4.8
4.8
np
np
95.2
100.0
Other services
4.9
8.7
13.6
39.3
47.1
86.4
100.0
Total
0.9
5.7
6.6
35.1
58.3
93.4
100.0

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
2.8
4.7
7.6
30.7
61.7
92.4
100.0
Mining
0.8
6.7
7.5
15.8
76.6
92.5
100.0
Manufacturing
1.1
6.5
7.7
40.3
52.0
92.3
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
5.5
20.7
26.2
28.2
45.6
73.8
100.0
Construction
0.8
1.6
2.4
18.8
78.8
97.6
100.0
Wholesale trade
0.6
5.4
6.0
46.7
47.3
94.0
100.0
Retail trade
0.8
2.9
3.7
50.3
46.1
96.3
100.0
Accommodation & food services
-
np
np
np
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
0.4
12.1
12.5
31.7
55.8
87.5
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.5
2.6
3.1
40.0
56.8
96.9
100.0
Financial & insurance services
0.4
3.5
3.9
35.0
61.1
96.1
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
0.8
10.6
11.4
40.5
48.1
88.6
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
1.2
3.8
5.0
55.8
39.2
95.0
100.0
Administrative & support services
1.6
7.1
8.6
52.9
38.5
91.4
100.0
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
38.1
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
np
np
np
np
np
100.0
Health care & social assistance
5.8
6.6
12.4
43.9
43.7
87.6
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
9.7
33.9
56.4
90.3
100.0
Other services
np
np
23.9
36.4
39.7
76.1
100.0
Total
1.0
5.6
6.7
37.7
55.7
93.3
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

7 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by source of funds

Own funds
Other business
Commonwealth government
State & local government
Other Australian(a)
Overseas
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
100 385
2 726
7 073
3 858
np
np
117 611
Mining
2 460 056
np
5 115
np
-
np
2 540 723
Manufacturing
3 419 973
49 835
153 851
29 975
4 855
121 754
3 780 244
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
136 586
4 944
5 607
np
np
np
147 768
Construction
385 303
7 970
np
-
-
np
399 765
Wholesale trade
711 041
np
23 984
np
np
19 022
822 184
Retail trade
70 786
np
1 056
np
-
-
73 488
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
-
np
-
-
-
117 350
Information media & telecommunications
783 066
np
2 105
np
-
np
787 311
Financial & insurance services
994 698
5 378
2 101
np
np
-
1 002 507
Rental, hiring & real estate services
31 483
268
2 025
-
np
np
34 822
Professional, scientific & technical services
1 522 568
97 033
204 150
28 153
38 154
122 151
2 012 209
Administrative & support services
69 052
np
np
-
-
-
70 301
Public administration & safety
4 989
np
-
-
-
np
np
Education & training
7 482
-
298
-
-
-
7 780
Health care & social assistance
27 418
4 930
5 318
np
np
-
41 054
Arts & recreation services
16 654
-
-
-
-
-
16 654
Other services
40 593
np
1 941
np
707
np
44 687
Total
10 913 001
310 307
421 174
74 853
48 083
268 097
12 035 515

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
84 419
1 443
7 471
1 911
np
np
99 545
Mining
1 739 103
np
3 545
282
np
np
1 794 686
Manufacturing
3 463 295
41 709
142 495
3 785
9 433
57 025
3 717 741
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
107 595
1 671
np
1 510
np
np
113 887
Construction
391 380
6 925
3 016
np
np
np
401 898
Wholesale trade
642 780
2 769
14 400
np
np
15 522
675 923
Retail trade
44 088
1 775
1 770
np
np
-
47 730
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
116 383
np
502
-
np
np
117 552
Information media & telecommunications
437 564
2 130
3 531
np
-
np
445 954
Financial & insurance services
903 146
6 684
2 574
np
np
-
913 218
Rental, hiring & real estate services
13 265
381
2 592
np
np
np
17 677
Professional, scientific & technical services
1 335 340
107 643
197 749
21 360
42 732
100 272
1 805 095
Administrative & support services
57 093
np
2 124
np
np
np
59 537
Public administration & safety
np
np
-
-
-
np
9 523
Education & training
2 579
-
np
-
-
-
np
Health care & social assistance
33 016
468
2 983
np
np
np
40 924
Arts & recreation services
16 236
np
np
-
-
-
16 730
Other services
37 721
1 176
617
375
1 424
-
41 313
Total
9 445 202
222 367
388 245
31 860
60 948
184 408
10 333 029

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Includes funding from Joint business/government, Higher education and Private non-profit organisations.

8 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by source of funds: proportions

Own funds
Other business
Commonwealth government
State & local government
Other Australian(a)
Overseas
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
85.4
2.3
6.0
3.3
np
np
100.0
Mining
96.8
np
0.2
np
-
np
100.0
Manufacturing
90.5
1.3
4.1
0.8
0.1
3.2
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
92.4
3.3
3.8
np
np
np
100.0
Construction
96.4
2.0
np
-
-
np
100.0
Wholesale trade
86.5
np
2.9
np
np
2.3
100.0
Retail trade
96.3
np
1.4
np
-
-
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
-
np
-
-
-
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
99.5
np
0.3
np
-
np
100.0
Financial & insurance services
99.2
0.5
0.2
np
np
-
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
90.4
0.8
5.8
-
np
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
75.7
4.8
10.1
1.4
1.9
6.1
100.0
Administrative & support services
98.2
np
np
-
-
-
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
-
-
-
np
100.0
Education & training
96.2
-
3.8
-
-
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
66.8
12.0
13.0
np
np
-
100.0
Arts & recreation services
100.0
-
-
-
-
-
100.0
Other services
90.8
np
4.3
np
1.6
np
100.0
Total
90.7
2.6
3.5
0.6
0.4
2.2
100.0

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
84.8
1.4
7.5
1.9
np
np
100.0
Mining
96.9
np
0.2
-
np
np
100.0
Manufacturing
93.2
1.1
3.8
0.1
0.3
1.5
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
94.5
1.5
np
1.3
np
np
100.0
Construction
97.4
1.7
0.8
np
np
np
100.0
Wholesale trade
95.1
0.4
2.1
np
np
2.3
100.0
Retail trade
92.4
3.7
3.7
np
np
-
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
99.0
np
0.4
-
np
np
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
98.1
0.5
0.8
np
-
np
100.0
Financial & insurance services
98.9
0.7
0.3
np
np
-
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
75.0
2.2
14.7
np
np
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
74.0
6.0
11.0
1.2
2.4
5.6
100.0
Administrative & support services
95.9
np
3.6
np
np
np
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
-
-
-
np
100.0
Education & training
np
-
np
-
-
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
80.7
1.1
7.3
np
np
np
100.0
Arts & recreation services
97.0
np
np
-
-
-
100.0
Other services
91.3
2.8
1.5
0.9
3.4
-
100.0
Total
91.4
2.2
3.8
0.3
0.6
1.8
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Includes funding from Joint business/government, Higher education and Private non-profit organisations

9 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by location

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Overseas
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
28 306
8 190
19 056
15 492
29 895
15 389
np
np
295
117 611
Mining
508 704
150 864
430 540
239 687
1 169 772
5 077
34 545
np
np
2 540 723
Manufacturing
967 679
1 521 698
363 780
335 251
357 794
46 561
np
np
104 824
3 780 244
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
60 504
26 972
32 520
np
13 686
np
np
np
np
147 768
Construction
101 002
69 214
147 815
np
49 424
np
np
np
2 019
399 765
Wholesale trade
321 584
334 845
76 577
36 542
42 745
304
np
np
3 284
822 184
Retail trade
15 189
46 328
4 248
4 389
1 777
545
np
np
459
73 488
Accommodation & food services
np
np
5 029
np
np
np
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
62 050
26 942
16 933
6 250
502
np
-
np
np
117 350
Information media & telecommunications
321 317
340 643
67 209
18 066
26 473
np
np
4 403
2 274
787 311
Financial & insurance services
671 429
230 307
41 646
10 143
np
-
np
np
np
1 002 507
Rental, hiring & real estate services
15 262
11 159
5 054
np
3 134
np
-
-
np
34 822
Professional, scientific & technical services
652 947
493 486
407 771
120 427
187 066
24 024
1 843
59 385
65 261
2 012 209
Administrative & support services
48 538
9 754
7 643
np
1 403
-
np
984
781
70 301
Public administration & safety
3 177
np
np
np
-
-
-
-
np
np
Education & training
4 183
np
1 092
np
np
-
-
np
-
7 780
Health care & social assistance
19 844
11 811
3 935
np
3 905
np
-
-
797
41 054
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
-
np
-
-
-
-
16 654
Other services
10 112
20 115
6 499
5 208
1 472
np
-
-
np
44 687
Total
3 812 707
3 321 622
1 639 889
834 419
1 934 035
102 234
108 616
94 178
187 815
12 035 515

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
37 852
7 965
14 771
6 147
18 844
13 416
np
np
np
99 545
Mining
427 823
178 280
350 607
73 422
730 647
np
29 580
np
1 331
1 794 686
Manufacturing
960 346
1 451 425
367 923
347 932
378 030
43 005
np
np
90 529
3 717 741
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
42 323
18 989
31 715
np
10 273
np
-
np
np
113 887
Construction
87 511
72 352
86 071
11 745
135 380
833
np
np
705
401 898
Wholesale trade
270 746
266 037
44 074
45 056
43 273
np
np
4 019
2 239
675 923
Retail trade
15 264
22 530
3 755
3 384
2 155
np
-
np
196
47 730
Accommodation & food services
422
np
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
43 632
47 077
13 924
5 922
5 241
-
-
np
np
117 552
Information media & telecommunications
224 649
182 890
12 800
9 366
8 351
np
np
4 379
np
445 954
Financial & insurance services
628 136
211 465
20 654
8 035
39 040
np
np
np
4 524
913 218
Rental, hiring & real estate services
6 673
4 973
2 686
np
3 020
np
-
-
np
17 677
Professional, scientific & technical services
574 819
479 366
341 246
114 432
173 247
17 851
5 657
63 106
35 370
1 805 095
Administrative & support services
29 353
13 080
13 471
491
1 703
-
np
np
np
59 537
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
-
-
9 523
Education & training
848
np
np
-
-
-
np
np
-
np
Health care & social assistance
20 962
11 928
5 052
1 030
np
-
-
-
np
40 924
Arts & recreation services
np
13 794
1 544
np
-
-
-
-
np
16 730
Other services
10 667
20 501
4 403
3 861
1 410
np
-
-
np
41 313
Total
3 384 742
3 012 325
1 319 714
642 595
1 551 980
80 324
101 566
99 295
140 488
10 333 029

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

10 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by location: proportions

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Overseas
Total expenditure on R & D
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
24.1
7.0
16.2
13.2
25.4
13.1
np
np
0.3
100.0
Mining
20.0
5.9
16.9
9.4
46.0
0.2
1.4
np
np
100.0
Manufacturing
25.6
40.3
9.6
8.9
9.5
1.2
np
np
2.8
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
40.9
18.3
22.0
np
9.3
np
np
np
np
100.0
Construction
25.3
17.3
37.0
np
12.4
np
np
np
0.5
100.0
Wholesale trade
39.1
40.7
9.3
4.4
5.2
-
np
np
0.4
100.0
Retail trade
20.7
63.0
5.8
6.0
2.4
0.7
np
np
0.6
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
36.0
np
np
np
-
-
-
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
52.9
23.0
14.4
5.3
0.4
np
-
np
np
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
40.8
43.3
8.5
2.3
3.4
np
np
0.6
0.3
100.0
Financial & insurance services
67.0
23.0
4.2
1.0
np
-
np
np
np
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
43.8
32.0
14.5
np
9.0
np
-
-
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
32.4
24.5
20.3
6.0
9.3
1.2
0.1
3.0
3.2
100.0
Administrative & support services
69.0
13.9
10.9
np
2.0
-
np
1.4
1.1
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
-
np
100.0
Education & training
53.8
np
14.0
np
np
-
-
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
48.3
28.8
9.6
np
9.5
np
-
-
1.9
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
-
np
-
-
-
-
100.0
Other services
22.6
45.0
14.5
11.7
3.3
np
-
-
np
100.0
Total
31.7
27.6
13.6
6.9
16.1
0.8
0.9
0.8
1.6
100.0

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
38.0
8.0
14.8
6.2
18.9
13.5
np
np
np
100.0
Mining
23.8
9.9
19.5
4.1
40.7
np
1.6
np
0.1
100.0
Manufacturing
25.8
39.0
9.9
9.4
10.2
1.2
np
np
2.4
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
37.2
16.7
27.8
np
9.0
np
-
np
np
100.0
Construction
21.8
18.0
21.4
2.9
33.7
0.2
np
np
0.2
100.0
Wholesale trade
40.1
39.4
6.5
6.7
6.4
np
np
0.6
0.3
100.0
Retail trade
32.0
47.2
7.9
7.1
4.5
np
-
np
0.4
100.0
Accommodation & food services
3.8
np
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
37.1
40.0
11.8
5.0
4.5
-
-
np
np
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
50.4
41.0
2.9
2.1
1.9
np
np
1.0
np
100.0
Financial & insurance services
68.8
23.2
2.3
0.9
4.3
np
np
np
0.5
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
37.7
28.1
15.2
np
17.1
np
-
-
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
31.8
26.6
18.9
6.3
9.6
1.0
0.3
3.5
2.0
100.0
Administrative & support services
49.3
22.0
22.6
0.8
2.9
-
np
np
np
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
-
-
100.0
Education & training
np
np
np
-
-
-
np
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
51.2
29.1
12.3
2.5
np
-
-
-
np
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
82.5
9.2
np
-
-
-
-
np
100.0
Other services
25.8
49.6
10.7
9.3
3.4
np
-
-
np
100.0
Total
32.8
29.2
12.8
6.2
15.0
0.8
1.0
1.0
1.4
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

11 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of activity

Pure basic research
Strategic basic research
Applied research
Experimental development
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1 253
8 747
44 340
63 272
117 611
Mining
8 359
177 701
924 697
1 429 966
2 540 723
Manufacturing
23 816
166 824
1 172 069
2 417 535
3 780 244
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
1 425
33 145
42 212
70 987
147 768
Construction
2 343
14 206
133 479
249 737
399 765
Wholesale trade
3 740
20 959
195 209
602 276
822 184
Retail trade
1 275
6 577
39 868
25 768
73 488
Accommodation & food services
-
-
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
np
40 618
65 363
117 350
Information media & telecommunications
705
20 651
160 120
605 835
787 311
Financial & insurance services
3 473
37 762
257 794
703 478
1 002 507
Rental, hiring & real estate services
498
1 539
11 390
21 395
34 822
Professional, scientific & technical services
23 912
149 865
841 604
996 828
2 012 209
Administrative & support services
np
np
38 031
29 956
70 301
Public administration & safety
np
173
2 053
2 838
np
Education & training
-
np
np
6 615
7 780
Health care & social assistance
1 709
7 389
14 012
17 944
41 054
Arts & recreation services
-
np
3 133
np
16 654
Other services
918
3 134
9 874
30 761
44 687
Total
73 615
662 317
3 932 934
7 366 649
12 035 515

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1 602
12 296
48 539
37 108
99 545
Mining
8 615
100 294
724 888
960 889
1 794 686
Manufacturing
21 346
124 349
1 074 188
2 497 858
3 717 741
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
283
8 114
45 416
60 073
113 887
Construction
1 119
3 920
134 723
262 136
401 898
Wholesale trade
2 317
14 515
193 506
465 585
675 923
Retail trade
881
5 761
18 157
22 931
47 730
Accommodation & food services
-
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
np
53 066
59 376
117 552
Information media & telecommunications
1 622
16 918
155 928
271 486
445 954
Financial & insurance services
3 322
17 703
172 698
719 495
913 218
Rental, hiring & real estate services
np
np
6 695
10 249
17 677
Professional, scientific & technical services
22 455
104 019
761 775
916 846
1 805 095
Administrative & support services
698
3 118
34 542
21 179
59 537
Public administration & safety
np
613
1 227
np
9 523
Education & training
-
np
1 270
1 565
np
Health care & social assistance
1 758
3 174
15 138
20 854
40 924
Arts & recreation services
np
598
np
15 201
16 730
Other services
906
1 592
9 135
29 680
41 313
Total
67 446
422 523
3 452 600
6 390 461
10 333 029

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

12 Expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of activity: proportions

Pure basic research
Strategic basic research
Applied research
Experimental development
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1.1
7.4
37.7
53.8
100.0
Mining
0.3
7.0
36.4
56.3
100.0
Manufacturing
0.6
4.4
31.0
64.0
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
1.0
22.4
28.6
48.0
100.0
Construction
0.6
3.6
33.4
62.5
100.0
Wholesale trade
0.5
2.5
23.7
73.3
100.0
Retail trade
1.7
8.9
54.3
35.1
100.0
Accommodation & food services
-
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
np
34.6
55.7
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.1
2.6
20.3
76.9
100.0
Financial & insurance services
0.3
3.8
25.7
70.2
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
1.4
4.4
32.7
61.4
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
1.2
7.4
41.8
49.5
100.0
Administrative & support services
np
np
54.1
42.6
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
-
np
np
85.0
100.0
Health care & social assistance
4.2
18.0
34.1
43.7
100.0
Arts & recreation services
-
np
18.8
np
100.0
Other services
2.1
7.0
22.1
68.8
100.0
Total
0.6
5.5
32.7
61.2
100.0

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1.6
12.4
48.8
37.3
100.0
Mining
0.5
5.6
40.4
53.5
100.0
Manufacturing
0.6
3.3
28.9
67.2
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
0.2
7.1
39.9
52.7
100.0
Construction
0.3
1.0
33.5
65.2
100.0
Wholesale trade
0.3
2.1
28.6
68.9
100.0
Retail trade
1.8
12.1
38.0
48.0
100.0
Accommodation & food services
-
np
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
np
45.1
50.5
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.4
3.8
35.0
60.9
100.0
Financial & insurance services
0.4
1.9
18.9
78.8
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
np
np
37.9
58.0
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
1.2
5.8
42.2
50.8
100.0
Administrative & support services
1.2
5.2
58.0
35.6
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
6.4
12.9
np
100.0
Education & training
-
np
np
np
100.0
Health care & social assistance
4.3
7.8
37.0
51.0
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
3.6
np
90.9
100.0
Other services
2.2
3.9
22.1
71.8
100.0
Total
0.7
4.1
33.4
61.8
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

13 Expenditure on R&D(a), by research field - values and proportions - 2004-05 to 2006-07

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
$'000
$'000
$'000
%
%
%

Mathematical sciences
14 002
18 345
47 658
0.2
0.2
0.4
Physical sciences
39 405
25 034
45 656
0.5
0.2
0.4
Chemical sciences
207 403
234 051
247 206
2.4
2.3
2.1
Earth sciences
126 403
170 742
170 143
1.5
1.7
1.4
Biological sciences
183 794
174 508
193 069
2.1
1.7
1.6
Information, computing & communication sciences
Information systems
865 637
896 423
1 423 615
10.0
8.7
11.8
Computer software
963 008
1 148 255
1 227 444
11.1
11.1
10.2
Other information, computing & comm. sciences
200 439
202 773
178 489
2.3
2.0
1.5
Information, computing & comm. sciences n.e.c.(c)
254 345
255 863
336 379
2.9
2.5
2.8
Total
2 283 430
2 503 314
3 165 927
26.3
24.2
26.3
Engineering & technology
Industrial biotechnology & food sciences
269 023
251 622
279 672
3.1
2.4
2.3
Manufacturing engineering
539 246
598 926
568 197
6.2
5.8
4.7
Automotive engineering
733 933
761 478
848 824
8.5
7.4
7.1
Mechanical & industrial engineering
253 018
331 668
330 979
2.9
3.2
2.8
Resources engineering
1 033 476
1 617 025
2 172 055
11.9
15.6
18.0
Civil engineering
313 891
403 548
448 749
3.6
3.9
3.7
Electrical & electronic engineering
232 114
253 919
267 757
2.7
2.5
2.2
Metallurgy
351 862
404 112
526 013
4.1
3.9
4.4
Materials engineering
262 900
307 923
283 283
3.0
3.0
2.4
Communications technologies
395 032
480 097
333 813
4.6
4.6
2.8
Other engineering & technology
115 413
127 419
205 282
1.3
1.2
1.7
Engineering & technology n.e.c.(c)
474 882
549 880
600 770
5.5
5.3
5.0
Total
4 974 790
6 087 618
6 865 394
57.3
58.9
57.0
Agricultural, veterinary & environmental sciences
244 290
382 954
428 309
2.8
3.7
3.6
Architecture, urban environment & building
22 648
26 591
45 213
0.3
0.3
0.4
Medical & health sciences
Pharmacology & pharmaceutical sciences
143 080
217 150
229 110
1.6
2.1
1.9
Clinical sciences
156 157
193 446
210 827
1.8
1.9
1.8
Medical & health sciences n.e.c.(c)
237 367
242 366
322 278
2.7
2.3
2.7
Total
536 604
652 963
762 215
6.2
6.3
6.3
Education
6 785
8 173
11 404
0.1
0.1
0.1
Economics
5 915
9 189
11 360
0.1
0.1
0.1
Commerce, management, tourism & services
23 415
23 294
32 594
0.3
0.2
0.3
Policy & political science
np
537
np
np
-
np
Studies in human society
823
363
951
-
-
-
Behavioural & cognitive sciences
862
1 240
1 447
-
-
-
Law, justice & law enforcement
np
1 091
2 150
np
-
-
Journalism, librarianship & curatorial studies
np
np
np
np
np
np
The arts
5 190
12 561
3 952
0.1
0.1
-
Language & culture
41
351
np
-
-
np
History & archaeology
np
np
np
np
np
np
Philosophy & religion
np
-
-
np
-
-
Total
8 676 456
10 333 029
12 035 515
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2004-05 and 2005-06 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.
(b) Changes to the survey scope were implemented in 2005-06 and may impact comparability of previous data. See Explanatory Notes 12 and 13.
(c) For the purposes of output, the ABS has grouped some research fields. These groupings are denoted with not elsewhere classified (n.e.c.).

14 Expenditure on R&D(a), by socio-economic objective - values and proportions - 2004-05 to 2006-07

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
$'000
$'000
$'000
%
%
%

Defence
278 020
330 009
378 951
3.2
3.2
3.1
Economic development
Plant production & plant primary products
108 243
148 130
146 444
1.2
1.4
1.2
Animal production & animal primary products
58 590
95 800
106 896
0.7
0.9
0.9
Mineral resources (excl. energy)
Primary mining & extraction processes
451 219
592 581
733 384
5.2
5.7
6.1
First stage treatment of ores & minerals
299 765
369 265
638 461
3.5
3.6
5.3
Mineral resources (excl. energy) n.e.c.(c)
100 451
129 185
121 061
1.2
1.3
1.0
Total
851 435
1 091 031
1 492 906
9.8
10.6
12.4
Energy resources
642 576
1 049 423
1 353 874
7.4
10.2
11.2
Energy supply
251 725
337 802
441 534
2.9
3.3
3.7
Manufacturing
Processed food products & beverages
340 116
322 756
398 639
3.9
3.1
3.3
Wood, wood products & paper
117 069
142 270
127 721
1.3
1.4
1.1
Human pharmaceutical products
456 392
504 683
587 094
5.3
4.9
4.9
Industrial chemicals & related products
176 824
204 335
174 128
2.0
2.0
1.4
Basic metal products (incl. smelting)
119 538
246 434
228 706
1.4
2.4
1.9
Fabricated metal products
161 691
196 288
203 403
1.9
1.9
1.7
Transport equipment
843 057
917 435
1 022 092
9.7
8.9
8.5
Computer hardware & electronic equipment
164 491
164 665
134 647
1.9
1.6
1.1
Communication equipment
126 103
111 908
98 439
1.5
1.1
0.8
Instrumentation
77 288
66 606
51 040
0.9
0.6
0.4
Machinery & equipment
261 057
265 154
261 249
3.0
2.6
2.2
Other manufactured products
175 707
200 585
211 346
2.0
1.9
1.8
Manufacturing n.e.c.(c)
240 665
235 465
246 301
2.8
2.3
2.0
Total
3 259 997
3 578 585
3 744 805
37.6
34.6
31.1
Construction
365 076
474 716
487 753
4.2
4.6
4.1
Transport
175 285
199 530
174 704
2.0
1.9
1.5
Information & communication services
Computer software & services
784 847
865 533
1 107 718
9.0
8.4
9.2
Communication services
427 150
521 245
764 082
4.9
5.0
6.3
Information & communication services n.e.c.(c)
26 729
37 018
43 210
0.3
0.4
0.4
Total
1 238 726
1 423 796
1 915 010
14.3
13.8
15.9
Commercial services & tourism
Finance, property & business services
844 094
823 469
901 307
9.7
8.0
7.5
Other commercial services
69 840
72 360
118 781
0.8
0.7
1.0
Commercial services & tourism n.e.c.(c)
104 770
158 586
161 121
1.2
1.5
1.3
Total
1 018 704
1 054 415
1 181 210
11.7
10.2
9.8
Economic framework
20 284
26 400
31 123
0.2
0.3
0.3
Total
7 990 642
9 479 628
11 076 258
92.1
91.7
92.0
Society
Health
281 971
351 102
401 977
3.2
3.4
3.3
Education & training
14 224
16 559
21 399
0.2
0.2
0.2
Social development & community services
39 946
55 814
39 379
0.5
0.5
0.3
Total
336 140
423 475
462 754
3.9
4.1
3.8
Environment
Environmental policy frameworks & other aspects
8 572
6 763
13 101
0.1
0.1
0.1
Environmental management
57 891
86 195
98 196
0.7
0.8
0.8
Total
66 463
92 958
111 297
0.8
0.9
0.9
Non-oriented research
5 191
6 960
6 255
0.1
0.1
0.1
Total
8 676 456
10 333 029
12 035 515
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) 2004-05 and 2005-06 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.
(b) Changes to the survey scope were implemented in 2005-06 and may impact comparability of previous data. See Explanatory Notes 12 and 13.
(c) For the purposes of output, the ABS has grouped some socio-economic objectives. These groupings are denoted with not elsewhere classified (n.e.c.).

15 Human resources devoted to R&D(a), summary statistics - 2004-05 to 2006-07

Human resources devoted to R&D
Proportion of total human resources devoted to R&D
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
2004-05
2005-06(b)
2006-07
PYE
PYE
PYE
%
%
%

Employment size
0-4 persons
1 585
1 359
1 312
3.9
3.1
2.9
5-19 persons
5 823
5 918
5 882
14.4
13.6
12.8
20-199 persons
11 610
11 771
12 908
28.7
27.1
28.0
200 or more persons
21 439
24 444
25 925
53.0
56.2
56.3
Type of resource
Researchers
22 773
23 784
24 849
56.3
54.7
54.0
Technicians
11 871
13 536
14 575
29.3
31.1
31.7
Other staff
5 814
6 171
6 603
14.4
14.2
14.3
Total human resources devoted to R&D
40 458
43 491
46 027
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) 2004-05 and 2005-06 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.
(b) Changes to the survey scope were implemented in 2005-06 and may impact comparability of previous data. See Explanatory Notes 12 and 13.

16 Human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - values and proportions - 2005-06 and 2006-07

Human resources devoted to R&D
Proportion of total human resources devoted to R&D
2005-06
2006-07
2005-06
2006-07
PYE
PYE
%
%

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
508
611
1.2
1.3
Mining
2 669
2 861
6.1
6.2
Manufacturing
17 108
17 765
39.3
38.6
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
427
523
1.0
1.1
Construction
897
970
2.1
2.1
Wholesale trade
3 495
3 524
8.0
7.7
Retail trade
332
490
0.8
1.1
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
454
500
1.0
1.1
Information media & telecommunications
1 710
1 819
3.9
4.0
Financial & insurance services
2 681
2 462
6.2
5.3
Rental, hiring & real estate services
99
171
0.2
0.4
Professional, scientific & technical services
12 032
13 144
27.7
28.6
Administrative & support services
391
379
0.9
0.8
Public administration & safety
44
np
0.1
np
Education & training
np
106
np
0.2
Health care & social assistance
245
272
0.6
0.6
Arts & recreation services
79
78
0.2
0.2
Other services
245
272
0.6
0.6
Total
43 491
46 027
100.0
100.0

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

17 Human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by employment size

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-199 persons
200 or more persons
Total human resources devoted to R&D
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
18
105
199
289
611
Mining
27
104
465
2 265
2 861
Manufacturing
250
1 125
4 419
11 971
17 765
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
np
np
44
439
523
Construction
19
110
264
578
970
Wholesale trade
77
385
894
2 168
3 524
Retail trade
np
133
143
np
490
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
15
40
77
369
500
Information media & telecommunications
22
154
431
1 212
1 819
Financial & insurance services
33
122
185
2 122
2 462
Rental, hiring & real estate services
31
57
51
31
171
Professional, scientific & technical services
719
3 270
5 324
3 831
13 144
Administrative & support services
20
48
74
237
379
Public administration & safety
-
6
np
np
np
Education & training
np
27
np
-
106
Health care & social assistance
12
56
102
102
272
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
np
78
Other services
np
103
124
np
272
Total
1 312
5 882
12 908
25 925
46 027

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
18
94
146
250
508
Mining
21
96
333
2 220
2 669
Manufacturing
242
1 132
4 254
11 481
17 108
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
12
33
34
348
427
Construction
29
116
134
619
897
Wholesale trade
67
360
840
2 228
3 495
Retail trade
20
152
84
76
332
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
13
49
35
357
454
Information media & telecommunications
43
163
351
1 154
1 710
Financial & insurance services
31
154
195
2 301
2 681
Rental, hiring & real estate services
29
np
41
np
99
Professional, scientific & technical services
779
3 317
4 981
2 955
12 032
Administrative & support services
18
44
82
248
391
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
np
44
Education & training
10
10
np
-
np
Health care & social assistance
6
53
96
89
245
Arts & recreation services
np
14
np
np
79
Other services
np
99
104
np
245
Total
1 359
5 918
11 771
24 444
43 491

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

18 Human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by employment size: proportions

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-199 persons
200 or more persons
Total human resources devoted to R&D
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
2.9
17.2
32.5
47.3
100.0
Mining
1.0
3.6
16.2
79.2
100.0
Manufacturing
1.4
6.3
24.9
67.4
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
np
np
8.4
84.1
100.0
Construction
1.9
11.3
27.2
59.6
100.0
Wholesale trade
2.2
10.9
25.4
61.5
100.0
Retail trade
np
27.2
29.1
np
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
2.9
7.9
15.4
73.8
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
1.2
8.5
23.7
66.7
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.3
5.0
7.5
86.2
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
18.4
33.6
29.9
18.1
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
5.5
24.9
40.5
29.1
100.0
Administrative & support services
5.3
12.8
19.4
62.6
100.0
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
25.5
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
4.4
20.5
37.7
37.5
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
np
100.0
Other services
np
37.8
45.4
np
100.0
Total
2.9
12.8
28.0
56.3
100.0

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
3.4
18.5
28.8
49.3
100.0
Mining
0.8
3.6
12.5
83.2
100.0
Manufacturing
1.4
6.6
24.9
67.1
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
2.8
7.8
7.8
81.5
100.0
Construction
3.2
12.9
14.9
69.0
100.0
Wholesale trade
1.9
10.3
24.0
63.7
100.0
Retail trade
5.9
45.8
25.3
23.0
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
2.8
10.9
7.7
78.6
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
2.5
9.5
20.5
67.5
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.1
5.7
7.3
85.8
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
29.6
np
40.9
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
6.5
27.6
41.4
24.6
100.0
Administrative & support services
4.5
11.2
20.8
63.4
100.0
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
np
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
2.6
21.8
39.4
36.2
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
17.1
np
np
100.0
Other services
np
40.6
42.4
np
100.0
Total
3.1
13.6
27.1
56.2
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

19 Human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by type of resource

Researchers
Technicians
Other staff
Total human resources devoted to R&D
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
200
266
145
611
Mining
994
1 190
677
2 861
Manufacturing
9 441
5 352
2 972
17 765
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
340
122
61
523
Construction
409
413
148
970
Wholesale trade
2 035
1 053
435
3 524
Retail trade
246
197
46
490
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
228
178
93
500
Information media & telecommunications
958
731
129
1 819
Financial & insurance services
1 508
573
381
2 462
Rental, hiring & real estate services
67
75
28
171
Professional, scientific & technical services
7 847
3 970
1 327
13 144
Administrative & support services
176
151
52
379
Public administration & safety
np
14
np
np
Education & training
66
33
7
106
Health care & social assistance
124
112
36
272
Arts & recreation services
32
np
np
78
Other services
133
91
49
272
Total
24 849
14 575
6 603
46 027

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
203
184
121
508
Mining
1 201
980
488
2 669
Manufacturing
9 008
5 255
2 845
17 108
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
272
107
48
427
Construction
303
384
209
897
Wholesale trade
1 899
1 189
407
3 495
Retail trade
137
137
58
332
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
243
140
71
454
Information media & telecommunications
1 058
525
127
1 710
Financial & insurance services
1 677
588
417
2 681
Rental, hiring & real estate services
62
24
13
99
Professional, scientific & technical services
7 193
3 597
1 242
12 032
Administrative & support services
214
136
42
391
Public administration & safety
np
27
np
44
Education & training
16
np
5
np
Health care & social assistance
110
113
22
245
Arts & recreation services
24
50
5
79
Other services
120
81
44
245
Total
23 784
13 536
6 171
43 491

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

20 Human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by type of resource: proportions

Researchers
Technicians
Other staff
Total human resources devoted to R&D
%
%
%
%

2006-07

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
32.8
43.5
23.7
100.0
Mining
34.7
41.6
23.7
100.0
Manufacturing
53.1
30.1
16.7
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
65.1
23.3
11.6
100.0
Construction
42.2
42.5
15.3
100.0
Wholesale trade
57.8
29.9
12.4
100.0
Retail trade
50.3
40.2
9.5
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
45.7
35.7
18.7
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
52.7
40.2
7.1
100.0
Financial & insurance services
61.3
23.3
15.5
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
39.4
44.0
16.6
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
59.7
30.2
10.1
100.0
Administrative & support services
46.4
39.9
13.8
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
62.6
30.8
6.6
100.0
Health care & social assistance
45.7
41.1
13.1
100.0
Arts & recreation services
40.9
np
np
100.0
Other services
48.8
33.4
17.9
100.0
Total
54.0
31.7
14.3
100.0

2005-06

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
39.9
36.3
23.8
100.0
Mining
45.0
36.7
18.3
100.0
Manufacturing
52.7
30.7
16.6
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
63.6
25.1
11.2
100.0
Construction
33.8
42.8
23.4
100.0
Wholesale trade
54.3
34.0
11.6
100.0
Retail trade
41.3
41.1
17.5
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
53.6
30.8
15.6
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
61.9
30.7
7.4
100.0
Financial & insurance services
62.5
21.9
15.5
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
62.0
24.5
13.5
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
59.8
29.9
10.3
100.0
Administrative & support services
54.6
34.7
10.7
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
61.2
np
100.0
Education & training
np
np
np
100.0
Health care & social assistance
45.1
46.0
8.9
100.0
Arts & recreation services
30.0
63.4
6.6
100.0
Other services
49.0
33.0
18.0
100.0
Total
54.7
31.1
14.2
100.0

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated



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