Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/01/2005   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Agriculture >> Meat production and slaughterings

Tables 14.51 and 14.52 show details of slaughtering and meat production from abattoirs, and from commercial poultry and other slaughtering establishments. They include estimates of animals slaughtered on farms and by country butchers. The data relate only to slaughtering for human consumption and do not include animals condemned or those killed for boiling down.

Production of beef for 2003-04 decreased 2% to 1,998,000 tonnes.

Changing patterns in both consumer demand, and sheep and lamb supply have seen production of lamb meat exceed production of mutton for each of the past five years. In 2003-04 mutton production decreased by 18% to 220,000 tonnes and lamb production increased by 4% to 341,000 tonnes.

Significant changes have taken place in the pig meat producing industry in recent years. Capital investment and corporate takeovers have seen the emergence of a few large companies producing a significant proportion of all pig meat sold in Australia. These moves, and the trend to more intensive and efficient production techniques, have seen pig meat production rise steadily since the mid-1970s when production dipped to a low of 174,000 tonnes. In 2003-04 pig meat production decreased 3% to 406,000 tonnes.


14.51 PRODUCTION OF MEAT

Carcass weight
Dressed weight


Beef
Veal
Mutton
Lamb
Pig meat
Total red meat
Chicken meat(a)
Total poultry(a)(b)
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes

1998-99
1,973
38
316
312
370
3,009
564
607
1999-2000
1,952
36
333
347
363
3,031
598
638
2000-01
2,086
33
348
367
365
3,200
619
657
2001-02
1,996
31
296
348
396
3,067
667
705
2002-03
2,035
38
268
329
420
3,090
690
726
2003-04
1,998
35
220
341
406
3,000
684
721

(a) Excludes NT and Tas.
(b) Includes other fowls, turkeys, ducks and drakes.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


14.52 LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY SLAUGHTERED FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION

Cattle
Calves
Sheep
Lambs
Pigs
Chickens(a)
Other fowls(b)
and turkeys
Ducks and
drakes
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head
mill. head

1998-99
7.9
1.2
15.1
16.1
5.2
375.0
10.2
3.5
1999-2000
7.5
1.1
15.9
17.6
5.0
394.0
9.5
4.1
2000-01
7.9
1.0
16.6
18.6
5.0
398.9
8.4
4.0
2001-02
7.6
1.0
14.4
17.4
5.4
415.6
8.6
4.0
2002-03
8.1
1.1
13.7
16.9
5.7
419.2
9.2
4.1
2003-04
7.8
1.0
10.4
16.6
5.6
420.1
9.6
4.5

(a) Excludes NT and Tas.
(b) Comprises hens, roosters, etc.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


Table 14.53 shows the gross value of livestock slaughterings over recent years. Following five years of increases, the value of slaughterings and other disposals decreased in 2002-03 by 7%.


14.53 GROSS VALUE OF LIVESTOCK SLAUGHTERINGS AND OTHER DISPOSALS

Cattle and calves
Sheep and lambs(a)
Pigs
Poultry
Total(b)
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

1997-98
4,138.2
1,066.2
709.8
1,053.6
6,991.9
1998-99
4,476.6
1,053.5
689.7
1,018.5
7,255.8
1999-2000
5,048.7
1,053.5
791.7
1,030.8
7,944.2
2000-01
6,430.6
1,401.8
822.3
1,060.2
9,737.8
2001-02
7,142.4
2,117.6
967.7
1,174.9
11,434.5
2002-03
6,411.1
2,036.9
911.3
1,280.5
10,676.0

(a) Excludes the value of wool on skins.
(b) Includes value of other livestock.

Source: Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia (7503.0).


The largest customers for Australian beef in recent years have been the United States of America, Japan and the Republic of (South) Korea. In 2003-04 the United States of America was the main customer for Australian beef with 364,000 tonnes purchased, 3% more than the previous year's shipment. Japan was Australia's second largest customer with 332,000 tonnes purchased, up 19% on the previous year. The Republic of (South) Korea was the third largest importer of Australian beef, purchasing 81,000 tonnes.

Table 14.54 shows the volume of exports of fresh, chilled or frozen meat. Despite a 5% drop in exports in 2003-04, beef was again Australia's major meat export with shipments of bone-out beef being the major component at 848,400 tonnes. Exports of bone-in mutton in 2003-04 decreased for the third year in row, down 21% to 85,800 tonnes.


14.54 EXPORTS OF FRESH, CHILLED OR FROZEN MEAT

Beef
Veal(a)
Mutton
Lamb
Pork





Bone-in
Bone-out
Bone-in
Bone-out
Bone-in
Bone-out
Bone-in
Bone-out
Meat
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
’000 tonnes
'000 tonnes
’000 tonnes

1998-99
61.0
836.6
1.6
6.1
114.7
51.4
71.6
9.3
16.5
1999-2000
44.0
818.4
1.6
7.4
120.9
55.5
86.6
11.1
39.2
2000-01
39.9
939.5
2.1
6.4
127.8
63.8
103.7
12.3
43.9
2001-02
31.7
891.5
2.4
7.1
113.9
52.1
104.6
13.8
59.0
2002-03
33.8
893.6
3.6
6.5
109.1
52.2
87.7
14.3
62.8
2003-04
28.9
848.4
2.9
6.2
85.8
42.3
99.8
18.1
50.2

(a) Includes buffalo meat.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


Table 14.55 shows the number, gross weight, gross value and unit value of live sheep and cattle exported for slaughter. The number of live sheep exported for slaughter in 2003-04 decreased by 34% to 3,844,800 head. The number of live cattle exported for slaughter in 2003-04 decreased 41% to 578,800 head.

The number of live, pure-bred breeding sheep exported decreased from 12,700 in 2002-03 to 1,700 in 2003-04. During the same period the number of live, pure bred breeding cattle exported increased from 31,300 head in 2002-03 to 104,000 head in 2003-04 and the value of these cattle exports rose from $38.2m to $144.5m respectively.


14.55 LIVE SHEEP AND CATTLE EXPORTS(a)
Live sheep exports
Live cattle exports


Number
Gross weight
Gross value
Unit value
Number
Gross weight
Gross value
Unit value
’000
’000 tonnes
$’000
$
’000
’000 tonnes
$’000
$

1998-99
4,958.7
254.9
181,671
36.64
713.0
264.7
342,667
480.57
1999-2000
4,858.6
243.3
180,345
37.12
845.7
317.1
432,645
511.60
2000-01
5,936.0
283.6
257,661
43.41
845.8
314.3
481,827
569.66
2001-02
6,443.2
318.0
391,705
60.79
797.0
293.5
525,535
659.41
2002-03
5,843.2
273.0
408,235
69.86
976.6
362.5
569,288
582.93
2003-04
3,844.8
188.4
266,360
69.28
578.8
191.3
315,175
544.53

(a) Number of live animals exported, other than pure bred breeding animals.

Source: Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0).


The article Australia's beef cattle industry provides a more detailed description of the industry and its development over the past 100 years.

Previous PageNext Page


Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.