6457.0 - International Trade Price Indexes, Australia, Sep 2012
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 01/11/2012
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APPENDIX 2 RE–REFERENCING THE INTERNATIONAL TRADE PRICE INDEXES

RE-REFERENCING THE INTERNATIONAL TRADE PRICE INDEXES (ITPIs)

1 From the September quarter 2012, the ABS harmonised the index reference periods for the International Trade Price Indexes and the Producer Price Indexes. These series are now presented on an index reference period of 2011-12 = 100.0.

2 The ABS has published conversion factors in 'Table 20 - ITPIs conversion factors, from index reference period 1989-90 to 2011-12' available as a data cube on the 'Downloads' tab of this product. This enables users to convert previously published time series to the new index reference period or to convert index numbers on the new index reference period to an old time series index reference period.

3 The following examples demonstrate the method used by the ABS to calculate the conversion factors to convert from the old (1989-90 = 100.0) to the new (2011-12 = 100.0) index reference period (and vice versa).

CONVERTING AN OLD TIME SERIES TO THE NEW INDEX REFERENCE PERIOD

4 The conversion of time series from the old index reference periods to the new involves a rescaling of the index numbers. The conversion factors that should be applied to the index numbers are calculated by obtaining the ratio of the index numbers on the old (1989-90 = 100.0) to the new (2011-12 = 100.0) index reference period.

5 Conversion factors are calculated using the four quarterly index numbers for the 2011-12 financial year.

 Import Price Index, All groups, index numbers Index reference period Period 1989-90=100.0 (old) 2011-12=100.0 (new) 2010-11 March quarter 2011 116.2 97.4 June quarter 2011 117.1 98.2 2011-12 September 2011 117.1 98.2 December quarter 2011 120.0 100.6 March quarter 2012 118.6 99.4 June quarter 2012 121.4 101.8 Financial year 2011-12 (a)119.3 (b)100.0 (a) Index number for financial year 2011-12 (index reference period 1989-90 = 100.0) = (117.1 + 120.0 + 118.6 + 121.4)/4 = 119.3 (b) Index number for financial year 2011-12 (index reference period 2011-12 = 100.0) = (98.2 + 100.6 + 99.4 + 101.8)/4 = 100.0

6 For example, for the Import Price Index; All Groups an arithmetic conversion factor is obtained as follows:
• Rounded conversion factor (index reference period 1989-90 = 100.0) = 100.0/((117.1 + 120.0 + 118.6 + 121.4)/4) = 0.8384
• Index number for June quarter 2012 = 121.4 (index reference period 1989-90 = 100.0)
• Index number for the June quarter 2012 (index reference period 2011-12 = 100.0) is 121.4 x 0.8384 = 101.8

7 The factor may be used to convert any historical Import Price Index; All groups, index numbers to the new index reference period. The formulae shown in the above example may be followed in respect of any specific time series for which index numbers have been published on the old index reference period.

NOTE: The above example is calculated using the published index numbers that have been rounded to one decimal. The ABS has calculated the conversion factors from unrounded index numbers, to obtain a greater degree of precision. The preferred conversion factors which use this greater degree of precision are available electronically, as data cubes, on the 'downloads' tab of this product.

CONVERTING THE RE-REFERENCED SERIES BACK TO PREVIOUS INDEX REFERENCE PERIOD

8 The conversion of the series from the new index reference period to the old involves a rescaling of the index numbers. The rescaling factors are obtained by taking the inverse of the previously described scaling factor.

For example, for the Import Price Index; All groups, the rescaling factor is obtained as follows:
• Rounded conversion factor (index reference period 1989-90 = 100.0) = ((117.1 + 120.0 + 118.6 + 121.4)/4) /100.0 = 1.1928
• Index number for the June quarter 2012 (index reference period 2011-12 = 100.0) is 101.8
• Index number for the June quarter 2012 (index reference period 1989-90 = 100.0) is 101.8 x 1.1928 = 121.4

9 The factor may be used to convert any historical Import Price Index; All groups index number on the new index reference period. The formulae shown in the above example may be followed in respect of any specific time series for which index numbers have been published on the new index reference period.

ROUNDING

10 Index numbers and percentage changes are always published to one decimal place, with the percentage changes being calculated from the rounded index numbers. Index numbers for periods longer than a single quarter (e.g. for financial years) are calculated as the simple arithmetic average of the relevant rounded quarterly index numbers. The conversion factors described above are applied to the rounded index numbers. A consequence of re-referencing price indexes can be that period-to-period percentage changes may differ slightly to those previously published due to rounding and the re-referencing. These differences do not constitute a revision.

11 It should be noted that a different conversion factor will apply for each index series. For example the conversion factor for the Import price Index Food and live animals will differ from the factor for the Import Price Index Beverages and tobacco. Similarly, the conversion factor for the Export price Index Food and live animals will differ from the factor for the Export Price Index Beverages and tobacco. Conversion factors for converting to the new index reference period are provided in 'Table 20 - ITPIs conversion factors, from index reference period 1989-90 to 2011-12' available as a data cube on the 'Downloads' tab of this product.

12 For further information, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070. The ABS provides further information on re-referencing in Producer and International Trade Price Indexes: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2006 (cat. no. 6429.0) and Frequently Asked Questions available at <http://www.abs.gov.au>.