Energy is a vital input to all sectors of the economy. As well as supplying the power on which industry and households depend, the production and supply of energy provides employment, investment and export opportunities, all of which contribute substantially to our welfare and standard of living. Australia has an abundance of fossil fuel, such as black and brown coal, and mineral energy resources, such as uranium, which is reflected in trends in energy production, supply and use.
The supply and use of energy in Australia is summarised in the initial section. Subsequent sections describe Australia's energy resources, the production of these resources, foreign trade in energy products, and an analysis of energy use.